IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
December 19, 2013
Mr. Reed introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
To amend the Higher Education Act of 1965 to strengthen Federal-State partnerships in postsecondary education.
This Act may be cited as the
Partnerships for Affordability and
Student Success Act
State commitment to affordable college education
Section 137 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 ( 20 U.S.C. 1015f ) is amended—
by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
Maintenance of effort required
For the academic year beginning on July 1, 2013, and for each of the 4 succeeding academic years, a State shall—
maintain State support for institutions of higher education (not including support for capital projects or research and development, or tuition and fees paid by students) at least at the level of such support for the academic year beginning on July 1, 2012; and
maintain State support for student financial aid for paying costs associated with postsecondary education at least at the level of such support for the academic year beginning on July 1, 2012.
by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:
The Secretary shall waive the requirements of subsection (a) if the Secretary determines that such a waiver would be appropriate due to exceptional or uncontrollable circumstances, such as a natural disaster or a precipitous decline in the financial resources of a State or State educational agency, as appropriate.
No requirement to amend budget
The Secretary shall not require a State to make changes to an enacted budget as a condition of receiving a waiver under paragraph (1).
The Secretary shall consult with the States in developing the criteria and procedures for reviewing waiver requests.
by striking subsection (d).
Federal and State partnerships for college access, affordability, and completion
Subpart 4 of part A of title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 ( 20 U.S.C. 1070c et seq.) is amended to read as follows:
Federal and State partnerships for college access, affordability, and completion
It is the purpose of this subpart for the Secretary to make incentive grants to States to assist States in—
providing grants to eligible students attending institutions of higher education or participating in programs of study abroad that are approved for credit by institutions of higher education at which such students are enrolled;
providing subgrants to eligible institutions or consortia of eligible institutions—
to improve student outcomes, such as completion and transfer rates and workforce outcomes for graduates; and
to develop and implement practices that result in reduced costs for students; and
providing public accountability and consumer information on the performance of institutions of higher education operating within the State.
State eligibility; eligible institutions
The Secretary shall award incentive grants, in accordance with the provisions of this subpart, to States to pay the Federal share of the cost of carrying out the activities described in paragraphs (1) through (3) of section 415A. The incentive grant shall consist of the allotment determined for the State under section 415C.
In order to be eligible to receive an incentive grant under this subpart, a State shall enter into an agreement with the Secretary. The agreement shall contain the following assurances:
Federal funds received by the State under this subpart will supplement and not supplant other Federal and State funds otherwise available to carry out activities described in this subpart.
The State will maintain its commitment to affordable higher education as described in section 137.
The State will fulfill its role in program integrity under section 495.
The State has a comprehensive plan for public postsecondary education that addresses the following:
Measurable goals for student outcomes, including enrollment and completion.
Measurable goals for college affordability in the State.
Alignment of such plan with the workforce and economic development plans of the State.
Alignment of such plan with the elementary and secondary education plan for the State.
The postsecondary educational needs of unserved and underserved individuals within the State, including individuals beyond traditional college age.
The State provides for direct, equitable, and active participation by representatives of institutions of higher education, including the voluntary participation of private, nonprofit institutions of higher education, and other stakeholders in the comprehensive planning process.
In this subpart, the term eligible institution means—
an institution of higher education, as defined in section 101(a);
an institution of higher education, as defined in section 101(a), in partnership with—
a nonprofit or community-based organization that has demonstrated success in improving student outcomes in postsecondary education; or
a local workforce investment board; or
a consortium of institutions of higher education, as defined in section 101(a).
Allotment among states
Allotment based on number of eligible students in attendance
Except as provided in subsection (b), from the sums appropriated under section 415H for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall allot to each eligible State for such fiscal year an amount that bears the same ratio to such sums as the number of students residing in such State who are eligible for a Federal Pell Grant bears to the total number of such students in all the eligible States. The Secretary shall calculate such ratio based on data for the most recent year for which satisfactory data are available.
The amount of any eligible State's allotment under subsection (a) for any fiscal year may not be less than 1 percent of the sums appropriated under section 415H for such year.
The amount of any State’s allotment under subsection (a) for any fiscal year which the Secretary determines will not be required for such fiscal year for the Federal-State partnership program of that State shall be available for reallotment from time to time, on such dates during such year as the Secretary may fix, to other States in proportion to the original allotments to such States under such subsection for such year, but with such proportionate amount for any of such States being reduced to the extent it exceeds the sum the Secretary estimates such State needs and will be able to use for such year for carrying out the State plan. The total of such reductions shall be similarly reallotted among the States whose proportionate amounts were not so reduced.
Allotments subject to compliance
The Secretary shall make payments for incentive grants under this subpart only to States that continue to meet the requirements of this subpart.
In order to receive an incentive grant under this subpart, the State agency with jurisdiction over higher education, or another agency or entity designated by the Governor or chief executive of the State to administer the program under this subpart, shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may require.
Content of application
An application submitted under subsection (a) shall contain—
a description of how grant funds will assist the State in meeting its goals for student outcomes, including enrollment and completion;
a description of how the grant funds will assist the State in meeting its goals for college affordability, including measures to minimize tuition increases and measures to increase the availability of need-based student aid;
a description of how grant funds will assist the State in meeting the postsecondary needs of underrepresented or underserved populations in the State;
a description of how the State’s comprehensive plan for public higher education is aligned with the workforce and economic development plans of the State;
a description of the process the State will use to make subgrants to eligible institutions or consortia of eligible institutions;
a description of how the State will evaluate the effectiveness of such subgrants and how the State will disseminate information on promising practices developed as a result of such subgrants;
a description of how the State will make publicly available a report card on the progress in meeting State goals for public postsecondary education; and
a description of the stakeholder consultation, including efforts to engage the voluntary participation of private, nonprofit institutions, carried out in the development of the application.
Payment of Federal share of grants
A State awarded an incentive grant under this subpart—
shall use grant funds to award student grants; and
may use grant funds to award subgrants to eligible institutions.
Grants to students
A State awarded an incentive grant under this subpart shall establish a program to award grants to students that complies with the following:
The program is administered by a single State agency.
The program provides that an institution of higher education that had a student who received funds under this subpart at any time beginning on July 1, 2010, through the day before the date of enactment of the Partnerships for Affordability and Student Success Act and that is eligible to participate in a program authorized under this title, shall be eligible to participate under this paragraph.
The program provides that such grants to students will be in amounts not to exceed the student’s cost of attendance per academic year for attendance at an institution of higher education. Such grants, in combination with other State or Federal student assistance, shall not exceed the student’s cost of attendance in any given academic year.
The program provides for the selection of grant recipients on the basis of substantial financial need determined under part F and by the State.
The program provides for the payment of the non-Federal share of such grants from funds supplied by such State which represent an additional expenditure for such year by such State for grants for students attending institutions of higher education over the amount expended by such State for such grants, if any, during the second fiscal year preceding the fiscal year in which such State initially received funds under this subpart.
The program provides that if the State’s allotment under this subpart is based, in part, on the financial need demonstrated by students who are independent students or attending the institution less than full time, a reasonable proportion of the State’s allotment shall be made available to such students.
The program will notify students receiving grants under this subpart that such grants are Federal-State partnership grants and are funded by the Federal Government and the State.
Subgrants to eligible institutions
A State awarded an incentive grant under this subpart may establish a program to award subgrants to eligible institutions that complies with the following:
The program is administered by a single State agency.
The program provides for the selection of subgrant recipients based on criteria set by the State agency.
The program provides for subgrants that support activities that will assist the State in achieving—
the State’s measurable goals for student outcomes, including enrollment and completion;
the State’s measurable goals for college affordability, including innovative methods for reducing costs; and
improved workforce outcomes for graduates.
The program provides for the dissemination of promising practices developed through subgrant activities.
Fiscal control; reports
A State awarded an incentive grant under this subpart shall provide—
for such fiscal control and fund accounting procedures as may be necessary to assure proper disbursement of and accounting for Federal funds paid under this subpart; and
for the making of such reports, in such form and containing such information, as may be reasonably necessary to enable the Secretary to perform the Secretary's functions under this subpart.
Reservation and disbursement of allotments and reallotments
Upon approval of an application for an incentive grant under this subpart, the Secretary shall reserve from the applicable allotment (including any applicable reallotment) available, the amount of such payment, which (subject to the limits of such allotment or reallotment) shall be equal to the Federal share of the cost of the grants to students or subgrants to eligible institutions or consortia of such institutions covered by such application.
The Secretary shall pay such reserved amount, in advance or by way of reimbursement, and in such installments as the Secretary may determine.
The Secretary may amend the reservation of any amount under this subsection, either upon approval of an amendment of the application or upon revision of the estimated cost of the grants to students or subgrants to eligible institutions with respect to which such reservation was made. If the Secretary approves an upward revision of such estimated cost, the Secretary may reserve the Federal share of the added cost only from the applicable allotment (or reallotment) available at the time of such approval.
The Federal share of the cost of carrying out the activities described in paragraphs (1) through (3) of section 415A is equal to 66.66 percent.
Certain activities for which non-Federal share may be provided in cash or in kind
For activities described in section 415A(2), the non-Federal share may be provided in cash or in kind, fairly evaluated.
A State that desires to receive payments for continuing incentive grants under this subpart shall report the following information to the Secretary on an annual basis:
The State's progress in meeting its goals for college affordability, including measures to minimize tuition increases at public institutions and measures to increase the availability of need-based student aid.
The State’s progress in meeting the postsecondary needs of underrepresented or underserved populations in the State.
A list of any subgrants made to eligible institutions.
The State’s report card described in section 415F.
State report cards
Each State that receives an allotment under this subpart shall report annually to the public on its progress in meeting its public postsecondary education goals and comprehensive plan for public higher education. Such report shall include—
information, as determined by the State in consultation with stakeholders, on student outcomes, including enrollment and completion rates, disaggregated by race, ethnicity, disability status, and socio-economic status;
information, as determined by the State in consultation with stakeholders, on workforce outcomes for graduates;
information on college costs, including tuition increases, student indebtedness, and the availability of need-based aid; and
information on the consumer complaints related to the performance of institutions of higher education reported to the State in the prior year.
Participation of private, nonprofit institutions of higher education
A private, nonprofit institution of higher education may voluntarily elect to participate in a State's efforts under the plan described in section 415B(b)(6). A State—
shall not require any private, nonprofit institution to participate in such efforts; and
may require such an institution that voluntarily elects to participate in such efforts to provide appropriate information to allow the State to assess the institution's progress towards the goals and activities described in subparagraphs (A) through (E) of section 415B(b)(6).
Rule of construction
Nothing in this subpart, including voluntary participation described in subsection (a), shall be construed to—
authorize the Secretary, a State, or an officer or employee of the Department or of a State to exercise any direction, supervision, or control over a private, nonprofit institution of higher education, including control over curriculum, program of instruction, administration, governance, personnel, articulation, the awarding of credit, graduation or degree requirements, or admissions;
authorize the Secretary, a State, or an officer or employee of the Department or of a State to require a private, nonprofit institution of higher education to participate in a longitudinal data system; or
limit the application of the General Education Provisions Act.
If any State fails or refuses to comply with any provision of this section, the State shall no longer be eligible for assistance under this subpart.
Authorization of appropriations; reservations
There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subpart $1,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.
Not less than 70 percent of funds allocated to a State shall be reserved for providing grants to eligible students.
Reservation for consumer information and administrative expenses
Not more than 8 percent of the funds allocated to a State may be used to provide public accountability and consumer information on the performance of institutions of higher education and for administering the grant.