IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
February 11, 2014
Mr. Whitehouse (for himself and Mr. Hatch) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary
To amend the Controlled Substances Act to more effectively regulate anabolic steroids.
This Act may be cited as
Designer Anabolic Steroid Control Act of 2014
Amendments to the Controlled Substances Act
Section 102(41) of the Controlled Substances Act ( 21 U.S.C. 802(41) ) is amended—
in subparagraph (A)—
in clause (xlix),
and at the end;
by redesignating clause (xlx) as clause (lxxvii); and
by inserting after clause (xlix) the following:
by adding at the end the following:
Subject to clause (ii) and the limitations under section 201(i)(6), a drug or hormonal substance (other than estrogens, progestins, corticosteroids, and dehydroepiandrosterone) that is not listed in subparagraph (A) and is derived from, or has a chemical structure substantially similar to, 1 or more anabolic steroids listed in subparagraph (A) shall be considered to be an anabolic steroid for purposes of this Act if—
the drug or substance has been created or manufactured with the intent of producing a drug or other substance that either—
promotes muscle growth; or
otherwise causes a pharmacological effect similar to that of testosterone; or
the drug or substance has been, or is intended to be, marketed or otherwise promoted in any manner suggesting that consuming it will promote muscle growth or any other pharmacological effect similar to that of testosterone.
A substance shall not be considered to be a drug or hormonal substance for purposes of this subparagraph if it—
an herb or other botanical;
a concentrate, metabolite, or extract of, or a constituent isolated directly from, an herb or other botanical; or
a combination of 2 or more substances described in item (aa) or (bb); and
is a dietary ingredient for purposes of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act ( 21 U.S.C. 301 et seq.).
In accordance with section 515(a), any person claiming the benefit of an exemption or exception under clause (ii) shall bear the burden of going forward with the evidence with respect to such exemption or exception.
Section 201 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 811) is amended by adding at the end the following:
Temporary and permanent scheduling of recently emerged anabolic steroids
The Attorney General may issue a temporary order adding a drug or other substance to the list of anabolic steroids if the Attorney General finds that—
the drug or other substance satisfies the criteria for being considered an anabolic steroid under section 102(41) but is not listed in that section or by regulation of the Attorney General as being an anabolic steroid; and
adding such drug or other substance to the list of anabolic steroids will assist in preventing the unlawful importation, manufacture, distribution, or dispensing of such drug or other substance.
An order issued under paragraph (1) shall not take effect until 30 days after the date of the publication by the Attorney General of a notice in the Federal Register of the intention to issue such order and the grounds upon which such order is to be issued. The order shall expire not later than 24 months after the date it becomes effective, except that the Attorney General may, during the pendency of proceedings under paragraph (5), extend the temporary scheduling order for up to 6 months.
A temporary scheduling order issued under paragraph (1) shall be vacated upon the issuance of a permanent scheduling order under paragraph (5).
An order issued under paragraph (1) is not subject to judicial review.
The Attorney General may, by rule, issue a permanent order adding a drug or other substance to the list of anabolic steroids if such drug or other substance satisfies the criteria for being considered an anabolic steroid under section 102(41). Such rulemaking may be commenced simultaneously with the issuance of the temporary order issued under paragraph (1).
If a drug or other substance has not been temporarily or permanently added to the list of anabolic steroids pursuant to this subsection, the drug or other substance shall be considered an anabolic steroid if in any criminal, civil, or administrative proceeding arising under this Act it has been determined in such proceeding, based on evidence presented in the proceeding, that the substance satisfies the criteria for being considered an anabolic steroid under paragraph (41)(A), (41)(C)(i), or (41)(C)(ii) of section 102.
The Controlled Substances Act is amended by inserting after section 305 ( 21 U.S.C. 825 ) the following:
Offenses involving false labeling of anabolic steroids
It shall be unlawful—
to import into the United States or to export from the United States;
to manufacture, distribute, dispense, sell, or offer to sell; or
to possess with intent to manufacture, distribute, dispense, sell, or offer to sell;
A product that is the subject of an approved application as described in section 505(b), (i) or (j) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act ( 21 U.S.C. 355(b) , (i), or (j)) is exempt from the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry nomenclature requirement of this subsection if such product is labeled in the manner required by the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.
Any person who violates subsection (a) knowing, intending, or having reasonable cause to believe, that the substance or product is an anabolic steroid, or contains an anabolic steroid, shall be sentenced to a term of imprisonment of not more than 10 years, a fine not to exceed the greater of that authorized in accordance with the provisions of title 18, United States Code, or $500,000 if the defendant is an individual or $2,500,000 if the defendant is other than an individual, or both.
Any person who violates subsection (a) shall be subject to a civil penalty as follows:
In the case of an importer, exporter, manufacturer, or distributor (other than as provided in subparagraph (B)), up to $500,000 per violation. For purposes of this subparagraph, a violation is defined as each instance of importation, exportation, manufacturing, or distribution, and each anabolic steroid or product imported, exported, manufactured, or distributed.
In the case of a sale or offer to sell at retail, up to $25,000 per violation. For purposes of this subparagraph, each sale and each product offered for sale shall be considered a separate violation. Continued offers to sell by a person 10 or more days after written notice (including through electronic message) to the person by the Attorney General or the Secretary shall be considered additional violations.
In this subsection, the term product means a discrete article, either in bulk or in finished form prepared for sale. A number of articles, if similarly packaged and bearing identical labels, shall be considered as one product, but each package size, form, or differently labeled article shall be considered a separate product.
Identification and publication of list of products containing anabolic steroids
The Attorney General may, in his discretion, collect data and analyze products to determine whether they contain anabolic steroids and are properly labeled in accordance with this section. The Attorney General may publish in the Federal Register or on the website of the Drug Enforcement Administration a list of products that he has determined, based on substantial evidence, contain an anabolic steroid and are not labeled in accordance with this section.
The absence of a product from the list referred to in paragraph (1) shall not constitute evidence that the product does not contain an anabolic steroid.
Table of contents
The table of contents for the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 305 the following:
Sec. 305A. Offenses involving false labeling of anabolic steroids.
Sentencing commission guidelines
The United States Sentencing Commission shall—
review and amend the Federal sentencing guidelines with respect to offenses involving anabolic steroids, including the offenses under section 305A of the Controlled Substance Act, as added by section 2;
amend the Federal sentencing guidelines, including notes to the drug quantity tables, to provide clearly that in a case involving an anabolic steroid not in a tablet, capsule, liquid, or other form where dosage can be readily ascertained (such as a powder, topical cream, gel, or aerosol), the sentence shall be determined based on the entire weight of the mixture or substance;
amend the applicable guidelines by designating quantities of mixture or substance that correspond to a unit so that offenses involving such forms of anabolic steroids are penalized at least as severely as offenses involving forms whose dosage can be readily ascertained; and
take such other action as the Commission considers necessary to carry out this Act and this section.
The Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration shall report to Congress every 2 years—
what anabolic steroids have been scheduled on a temporary basis under the provisions of this Act; and
the findings and conclusions that led to such scheduling.