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S. 2171 (113th): Location Privacy Protection Act of 2014

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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.

3/27/2014--Introduced. Location Privacy Protection Act of 2014 - Amends the federal criminal code to prohibit a covered entity (nongovernmental individual or entity) from knowingly collecting or disclosing to another covered entity geolocation information from an electronic communications device without the consent of the individual using the device. Specifies exceptions, including for collection or disclosure: (1) for the provision of fire, medical, public safety, or other emergency services; or (2) pursuant to a court order or a request by a law enforcement agency.

Defines "geolocation information" as specified information that is not the contents of a communication, is generated by or derived from the operation or use of such a device, is sufficient to identify the street and city or town in which the device is located, and does not include the Internet protocol address or the home, business, or billing address of the individual. Defines "consent" as affirmative express consent after receiving clear, prominent, and accurate notice that: (1) informs the individual that his or her geolocation information will be collected, (2) identifies the categories of covered entities to which the information may be disclosed, and (3) provides the individual easy access to the collecting agency's geolocation information website.

Requires a covered entity that initially collects geolocation information from such a device in a manner that it has reason to believe is imperceptible to the individual using the device, in addition to obtaining consent, to provide clear, prominent, and accurate notice to the individual, not earlier than 24 hours nor later than 7 days after the initial collection, that geolocation information is being collected

Requires a covered entity that collects the geolocation information of more than 1,000 electronic communications devices in a year to maintain a publicly accessible Internet website that includes: (1) the nature of the information collected; (2) the purposes for which the covered entity collects, uses, and discloses the information; (3) the specific covered entities to which the collecting entity discloses geolocation information; and (4) how an individual may electronically revoke consent for the collection and disclosure of such information.

Requires the Attorney General to issue regulations to implement such requirements. Authorizes civil actions by the Attorney General and aggrieved individuals for violations of this Act, subject to specified limitations.

Prohibits: (1) the unauthorized disclosure of geolocation information in aid of interstate domestic violence or stalking; (2) the fraudulent collection of geolocation records information obtained by a geolocation information service; and (3) the manufacture, distribution, possession, and advertising of geolocation information intercepting devices. Provides for the forfeiture of such devices. Establishes in the Treasury an Anti-Stalking Fund: (1) into which shall be deposited an amount equal to the value of any such device and related proceeds forfeited, and (2) which the Attorney General shall use for training on investigating and prosecuting stalking crimes and for support of help line and emergency response efforts for such crimes.

Directs the Attorney General to include as part of each National Crime Victimization Survey, and the Director of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to include as part of each National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, questions examining the role that various new technologies that use geolocation information may have in the facilitation of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking.

Requires the Attorney General to direct the Internet Crime Complaint Center to provide education and awareness information to the public and law enforcement and register complaints regarding the abuse of geolocation information to commit domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, stalking, or other related crimes. Authorizes the Director of the Office on Violence Against Women to make grants to develop and provide training relating to investigating and prosecuting the misuse of geolocation information in the commission of such crimes.