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S. 2526 (113th): Commonsense Legislative Exceptional Events Reforms Act of 2014

The text of the bill below is as of Jun 25, 2014 (Introduced).


II

113th CONGRESS

2d Session

S. 2526

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

June 25, 2014

(for himself, Mr. McCain, Mr. Risch, Mr. Crapo, Mr. Inhofe, Mr. Sessions, Mr. Johnson of Wisconsin, Mr. Vitter, Mr. Hatch, Mr. Cornyn, and Mr. Thune) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Environment and Public Works

A BILL

To amend the Clean Air Act with respect to exceptional event demonstrations, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Commonsense Legislative Exceptional Events Reforms Act of 2014 .

2.

Clean Air Act exceptional events

Section 319(b) of the Clean Air Act ( 42 U.S.C. 7619(b) ) is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (1)(B)

(A)

in clause (i), by inserting or after the semicolon;

(B)

by striking clause (ii); and

(C)

by redesignating clause (iii) as clause (ii); and

(2)

in paragraph (3)

(A)

in subparagraph (B)(iv), by striking to petition the Administrator to and inserting to submit a petition (in this section referred to as an exceptional event demonstration) to the Administrator to; and

(B)

by adding at the end the following:

(C)

Criteria for determination of exceptional event demonstration

(i)

In general

The criteria for evidence, analyses, and documentation applicable to approval or disapproval of an exceptional event demonstration under the regulations under this section shall be stated with specificity in order to minimize the discretion of the Administrator in approving or disapproving that demonstration.

(ii)

State participation

The Administrator shall develop the criteria in conjunction with input from the States.

(iii)

Contents

The criteria shall reflect the varying levels of technical expertise and resources available in State and local agencies and the varying availability of meteorological and other monitoring data in rural areas, and may vary with respect to different regions.

(iv)

Considerations

In developing the criteria, the Administrator shall consider the use of an expedited or streamlined approval process and conditions under which exceptional event demonstrations may be suitable for such a process.

(D)

Timing of determination of exceptional event demonstration

(i)

Deadline for determination

(I)

In general

Not later than 90 days after submission of an exceptional event demonstration, the Administrator shall approve, disapprove, or request additional information from a State regarding the exceptional event demonstration.

(II)

Administration

If the Administrator does not approve, disapprove, or request additional information relating to an exceptional event demonstration within the 90-day period described in subclause (I), the demonstration shall be considered to be approved on the day after the date on which that 90-day period ends.

(ii)

Deadline if additional information requested

(I)

In general

If the Administrator requests additional information from a State regarding an exceptional event demonstration under clause (i), not later than 90 days after the submission of that additional information, the Administrator shall approve or disapprove the demonstration.

(II)

Administration

If the Administrator does not approve or disapprove a demonstration for which additional information is submitted within the 90-day period described in subclause (I), the demonstration shall be considered to be approved.

(E)

Burden of proof

The regulations promulgated under this section shall provide that—

(i)

a determination by the Administrator with respect to approval or disapproval of an exceptional event demonstration be based on a preponderance of the evidence; and

(ii)

in making a determination, the Administrator

(I)

shall accord substantial deference to the findings of the State exceptional event demonstration; and

(II)

may develop and use analyses and consider evidence not provided in the exceptional event demonstration, subject to the condition that the analyses are developed by the Environmental Protection Agency.

(F)

Appeals

(i)

Disapproval

(I)

In general

Subject to subclause (II), disapproval by the Administrator of an exceptional event demonstration shall be considered final action subject to judicial review under section 307(b).

(II)

Limitation

Notwithstanding subclause (I), disapproval by the Administrator of an exceptional event demonstration shall only be subject to appeal by the State that submitted the exceptional event demonstration.

(ii)

Approval

Approval by the Administrator of an exceptional event demonstration shall not be subject to appeal or other judicial action.

.

3.

Revision of regulations

After providing for a notice and comment period, but not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall revise the regulations under section 319(b) of the Clean Air Act ( 42 U.S.C. 7619(b) ) to carry out the amendments made by this Act.

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