S. 264: Excellence in Mental Health Act

113th Congress, 2013–2015. Text as of Feb 07, 2013 (Introduced).

Status & Summary | PDF | Source: GPO and Cato Institute Deepbills

II

113th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 264

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

February 7, 2013

(for herself,Mr. Reed,Mr. Blunt,Mr. Rubio,Ms. Collins,Mrs. Boxer,Mr. Rockefeller,Mr. Tester,Mr. Begich, andMr. Leahy) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to theCommittee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions

A BILL

To expand access to community mental health centers and improve the quality of mental health care for all Americans.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Excellence in Mental Health Act .

2.

Establishing community behavioral health centers

Section 1913 of the Public Health Service Act(42 U.S.C. 300x–2)is amended—

(1)

insubsection (a)(2)(A), by strikingcommunity mental health servicesand insertingbehavioral health services (of the type offered by federally qualified community behavioral health centers consistent withsubsection (c)(3));

(2)

insubsection (b)

(A)

by strikingparagraph (1)and inserting the following:

(1)

services under the plan will be provided only through appropriate, qualified community programs (which may include federally qualified community behavioral health centers, child mental health programs, psychosocial rehabilitation programs, mental health peer-support programs, outpatient addiction treatment programs, acute detoxification services, and mental health primary consumer-directed programs); and

; and

(B)

inparagraph (2), by strikingcommunity mental health centersand insertingfederally qualified community behavioral health centers; and

(3)

by strikingsubsection (c)and inserting the following:

(c)

Criteria for Federally Qualified Community Behavioral Health Centers

(1)

In general

TheAdministratorshall certify, and recertify at least every 5 years, federally qualified community behavioral health centers as meeting the criteria specified in this subsection.

(2)

Regulations

Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of the Excellence in Mental Health Act , theAdministrator, in consultation with State Mental Health and Substance Abuse Authorities, shall issue final regulations for certifying non-profit or local government centers as centers underparagraph (1).

(3)

Criteria

The criteria referred to insubsection (b)(2)are that the center performs each of the following:

(A)

Provide services in locations that ensure services will be available and accessible promptly and in a manner which preserves human dignity and assures continuity of care.

(B)

Provide services in a mode of service delivery appropriate for the target population.

(C)

Provide individuals with a choice of service options where there is more than one efficacious treatment.

(D)

Employ a core staff of clinical staff that is multidisciplinary and culturally and linguistically competent.

(E)

Provide services, within the limits of the capacities of the center, to any individual residing or employed in the service area of the center, regardless of the ability of the individual to pay.

(F)

Provide, directly or through contract, to the extent covered for adults in the State Medicaid plan undertitle XIX of the Social Security Actand for children in accordance withsection 1905(r) of such Actregarding early and periodic screening, diagnosis, and treatment, each of the following services:

(i)

Screening, assessment, and diagnosis, including risk assessment.

(ii)

Person-centered treatment planning or similar processes, including risk assessment and crisis planning.

(iii)

Outpatient mental health and substance use services, including screening, assessment, diagnosis, psychotherapy, med­i­ca­tion management, and integrated treatment for mental illness and substance abuse which shall be evidence-based (including cognitive behavioral therapy and other such therapies which are evidence-based).

(iv)

Outpatient clinic primary care screening and monitoring of key health indicators and health risk (including screening for diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease and monitoring of weight, height, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, blood glucose or HbA1C, and lipid profile).

(v)

Crisis mental health services, including 24-hour mobile crisis teams, emergency crisis intervention services, and crisis stabilization.

(vi)

Targeted case management (services to assist individuals gaining access to needed medical, social, educational, and other services and applying for income security and other benefits to which they may be entitled).

(vii)

Psychiatric rehabilitation services including skills training, assertive community treatment, family psychoeducation, disability self-management, supported employment, supported housing services, therapeutic foster care services, and such other evidence-based practices as theSecretarymay require.

(viii)

Peer support and counselor services and family supports.

(G)

Maintain linkages, and where possible enter into formal contracts with the following:

(i)

Federally qualified health centers.

(ii)

Inpatient psychiatric facilities and substance use detoxification, post-detoxification step-down services, and residential programs.

(iii)

Adult and youth peer support and counselor services.

(iv)

Family support services for families of children with serious mental or substance use disorders.

(v)

Other community or regional services, supports, and providers, including schools, child welfare agencies, juvenile and criminal justice agencies and facilities, housing agencies and programs, employers, and other social services.

(vi)

Onsite or offsite access to primary care services.

(vii)

Enabling services, including outreach, transportation, and translation.

(viii)

Health and wellness services, including services for tobacco cessation.

(H)

Where feasible, provide outreach and engagement to encourage individuals who could benefit from mental health care to freely participate in receiving the services described in this subsection.

(4)

Rule of construction

Nothing inparagraph (1)shall be construed as prohibiting States receiving funds appropriated through the Community Mental Health Services Block Grant undersubpart I of part B of this titlefrom financing qualified community programs (whether such programs meet the definition of eligible programs prior to or after the date of enactment of this subsection).

(5)

Limitation

With respect to federally qualified behavioral health centers authorized under this subsection, 20 percent of the total number of such centers shall become newly eligible to receive reimbursement under this section in each of the first 5 years after the initial year of eligibility through fiscal year 2023. In implementing this paragraph, theSecretaryshall ensure geographic diversity of such sites, take into account the ability of such sites to provide required services, and the ability of such sites to report required data.

.

3.

Medicaid coverage and payment for community behavioral health center services

(a)

Payment for services provided by federally qualified community behavioral health centers

Section 1902(bb) of the Social Security Act(42 U.S.C. 1396a(bb))is amended—

(1)

in the heading, by striking and Rural Health Clinics and inserting , federally qualified community behavioral health centers, and Rural Health Clinics ;

(2)

inparagraph (1), by inserting(and beginning with fiscal year 2016 with respect to services furnished on or after January 1, 2016, and each succeeding fiscal year, for services described insection 1905(a)(2)(D)furnished by a federally qualified community behavioral health center)afterby a rural health clinic;

(3)

inparagraph (2)

(A)

by striking the heading and inserting Initial fiscal year ;

(B)

by inserting(or, in the case of services described insection 1905(a)(2)(D)furnished by a federally qualified community behavioral health center, for services furnished on and after January 1, 2016, during fiscal year 2016)afterJanuary 1, 2001, during fiscal year 2001;

(C)

by inserting(or, in the case of services described insection 1905(a)(2)(D)furnished by a federally qualified community behavioral health center, during fiscal years 2014 and 2015)after1999 and 2000; and

(D)

by inserting(or, in the case of services described insection 1905(a)(2)(D)furnished by a federally qualified community behavioral health center, during fiscal year 2016)before the period;

(4)

inparagraph (3)

(A)

in the heading, by striking Fiscal year 2002 and succeeding and inserting Succeeding ; and

(B)

by inserting(or, in the case of services described insection 1905(a)(2)(D)furnished by a federally qualified community behavioral health center, for services furnished during fiscal year 2017 or a succeeding fiscal year)after2002 or a succeeding fiscal year;

(5)

inparagraph (4)

(A)

by inserting(or as a federally qualified community behavioral health center after fiscal year 2015)afteror rural health clinic after fiscal year 2000;

(B)

by strikingfurnished by the center orand insertingfurnished by the federally qualified health center, services described insection 1905(a)(2)(D)furnished by the federally qualified community behavioral health center, or; and

(C)

in the second sentence, by strikingor rural health clinicand inserting, federally qualified community behavioral health center, or rural health clinic;

(6)

inparagraph (5), in each ofsubparagraphs (A)and(B), by strikingor rural health clinicand inserting, federally qualified community behavioral health center, or rural health clinic; and

(7)

inparagraph (6), by strikingor to a rural health clinicand inserting, to a federally qualified community behavioral health center for services described insection 1905(a)(2)(D), or to a rural health clinic.

(b)

Inclusion of community behavioral health center services in the term medical assistance

Section 1905(a)(2) of the Social Security Act(42 U.S.C. 1396d(a)(2))is amended—

(1)

by strikingandbefore (C) ; and

(2)

by inserting before the semicolon at the end the following:, and (D) federally qualified community behavioral health center services (as defined insubsection (l)(4)).

(c)

Definition of federally qualified community behavioral health center services

Section 1905(l) of the Social Security Act(42 U.S.C. 1396d(l))is amended by adding at the end the following paragraph:

(4)
(A)

The termcommunity behavioral health center servicesmeans services furnished to an individual at a federally qualified community behavioral health center (as defined bysubparagraph (B)).

(B)

The termfederally qualified community behavioral health centermeans an entity that is certified undersection 1913(c) of the Public Health Service Actas meeting the criteria described inparagraph (3) of such section.

.

(d)

Effective date

The amendments made by this section take effect on January 1, 2016.

4.

Community-based mental health infrastructure improvement

Title V of the Public Health Service Act(42 U.S.C. 280g et seq.)is amended by adding at the end the following:

H

Community-based mental health infrastructure improvements

560.

Grants for community-based mental health infrastructure improvements

(a)

Grants authorized

TheSecretarymay award grants to eligible entities to expend funds for the construction or modernization of facilities used to provide mental health and substance abuse services to individuals.

(b)

Eligible entity

In this section, the termeligible entitymeans—

(1)

a State that is the recipient of a Community Mental Health Services Block Grant undersubpart I of part B of title XIXand a Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant undersubpart II of such part; or

(2)

an Indian tribe or a tribal organization (as such terms are defined insections 4(b)and4(c) of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act).

(c)

Application

A eligible entity desiring a grant under this section shall submit to theSecretaryan application at such time, in such manner, and containing—

(1)

a plan for the construction or modernization of facilities used to provide mental health and substance abuse services to individuals that—

(A)

designates a single State or tribal agency as the sole agency for the supervision and administration of the grant;

(B)

contains satisfactory evidence that such agency so designated will have the authority to carry out the plan;

(C)

provides for the designation of an advisory council, which shall include representatives of nongovernmental organizations or groups, and of the relevant State or tribal agencies, that aided in the development of the plan and that will implement and monitor any grant awarded to the eligible entity under this section;

(D)

in the case of an eligible entity that is a State, includes a copy of the State plan undersection 1912(b)andsection 1932(b);

(E)
(i)

includes a listing of the projects to be funded by the grant; and

(ii)

in the case of an eligible entity that is a State, explains how each listed project helps the State in accomplishing its goals and objectives under the Community Mental Health Services Block Grant undersubpart I of part B of title XIXand the Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant undersubpart II of such part;

(F)

includes assurances that the facilities will be used for a period of not less than 10 years for the provision of community-based mental health or substance abuse services for those who cannot pay for such services, subject tosubsection (e); and

(G)

in the case of a facility that is not a public facility, includes the name and executive director of the entity who will provide services in the facility; and

(2)

with respect to each construction or modernization project described in the application—

(A)

a description of the site for the project;

(B)

plans and specifications for the project and State or tribal approval for the plans and specifications;

(C)

assurance that the title for the site is or will be vested with either the public entity or private nonprofit entity who will provide the services in the facility;

(D)

assurance that adequate financial resources will be available for the construction or major rehabilitation of the project and for the maintenance and operation of the facility;

(E)

estimates of the cost of the project; and

(F)

the estimated length of time for completion of the project.

(d)

Subgrants by States

(1)

In general

A State that receives a grant under this section may award a subgrant to a qualified community program (as such term is used insection 1913(b)(1)).

(2)

Use of funds

Subgrants awarded pursuant toparagraph (1)may be used for activities such as—

(A)

the construction, expansion, and modernization of facilities used to provide mental health and substance abuse services to individuals;

(B)

acquiring and leasing facilities and equipment (including paying the costs of amortizing the principal of, and paying the interest on, loans for such facilities and equipment) to support or further the operation of the subgrantee;

(C)

the construction and structural modification (including equipment acquisition) of facilities to permit the integrated delivery of behavioral health and primary care of specialty medical services to individuals with co-occurring mental illnesses and chronic medical or surgical diseases at a single service site; and

(D)

acquiring information technology required to accommodate the clinical needs of primary and specialty care professionals.

(3)

Limitation

Not to exceed 15 percent of grant funds may be used for activities described inparagraph (2)(D).

(e)

Request To transfer obligation

An eligible entity that receives a grant under this section may submit a request to theSecretaryfor permission to transfer the 10-year obligation of facility use, as described insubsection (c)(1)(F), to another facility.

(f)

Agreement to Federal share

As a condition of receipt of a grant under this section, an eligible entity shall agree, with respect to the costs to be incurred by the entity in carrying out the activities for which such grant is awarded, that the entity will make available non-Federal contributions (which may include State or local funds, or funds from the qualified community program) in an amount equal to not less than $1 for every $1 of Federal funds provided under the grant.

(g)

Reporting

(1)

Reporting by States

During the 10-year period referred to insubsection (c)(1)(F), theSecretaryshall require that a State that receives a grant under this section submit, as part of the report of the State required under the Community Mental Health Services Block Grant undersubpart I of part B of title XIXand the Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant undersubpart II of such part, a description of the progress on—

(A)

the projects carried out pursuant to the grant under this section; and

(B)

the assurances that the facilities involved continue to be used for the purpose for which they were funded under such grant during such 10-year period.

(2)

Reporting by Indian tribes and tribal organizations

TheSecretaryshall establish reporting requirements for Indian tribes and tribal organizations that receive a grant under this section. Such reporting requirements shall include that such Indian tribe or tribal organization provide a description of the progress on—

(A)

the projects carried out pursuant to the grant under this section; and

(B)

the assurances that the facilities involved continue to be used for the purpose for which they were funded under such grant during the 10-year period referred to insubsection (c)(1)(F).

(h)

Failure To meet obligations

(1)

In general

If an eligible entity that receives a grant under this section fails to meet any of the obligations of the entity required under this section, theSecretaryshall take appropriate steps, which may include—

(A)

requiring that the entity return the unused portion of the funds awarded under this section for the projects that are incomplete; and

(B)

extending the length of time that the entity must ensure that the facility involved is used for the purposes for which it is intended, as described insubsection (c)(1)(F).

(2)

Hearing

Prior to requesting the return of the funds underparagraph (1)(B), theSecretaryshall provide the entity notice and opportunity for a hearing.

(i)

Collaboration

TheSecretarymay establish intergovernmental and interdepartmental memorandums of agreement as necessary to carry out this section.

(j)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriatedto carry outthis section such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.

.