IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
February 28, 2013
Mr. Carper (for himself, Ms. Collins, Mr. Coons, Mr. Lautenberg, Mr. Whitehouse, Mr. Brown, Mr. Reed, Mr. King, Mrs. Gillibrand, Mr. Menendez, Mr. Cowan, Mr. Cardin, and Ms. Warren) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance
To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide for an investment tax credit related to the production of electricity from offshore wind.
This Act may be cited as the
Incentivizing Offshore Wind Power
Qualifying offshore wind facility credit
Section 46 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended—
and at the end of paragraph (5),
by striking the
period at the end of paragraph (6) and inserting
by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
the qualifying offshore wind facility credit.
Amount of credit
Subpart E of part IV of subchapter A of chapter 1 is amended by inserting after section 48D the following new section:
Credit for offshore wind facilities
For purposes of section 46, the qualifying offshore wind facility credit for any taxable year is an amount equal to 30 percent of the qualified investment for such taxable year with respect to any qualifying offshore wind facility of the taxpayer.
For purposes of subsection (a), the qualified investment for any taxable year is the basis of eligible property placed in service by the taxpayer during such taxable year which is part of a qualifying offshore wind facility.
Certain qualified progress expenditures rules made applicable
Rules similar to the rules of subsections (c)(4) and (d) of section 46 (as in effect on the day before the enactment of the Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1990) shall apply for purposes of this section.
For purposes of this section—
Qualifying offshore wind facility
The term qualifying offshore wind facility means an offshore facility using wind to produce electricity.
The term offshore facility means any facility located in the inland navigable waters of the United States, including the Great Lakes, or in the coastal waters of the United States, including the territorial seas of the United States, the exclusive economic zone of United States, and the outer Continental Shelf of the United States.
The term eligible property means any property—
tangible personal property, or
other tangible property (not including a building or its structural components), but only if such property is used as an integral part of the qualifying offshore wind facility, and
with respect to which depreciation (or amortization in lieu of depreciation) is allowable.
Qualifying credit for offshore wind facilities program
Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this section, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Energy and the Secretary of the Interior, shall establish a qualifying credit for offshore wind facilities program to consider and award certifications for qualified investments eligible for credits under this section to qualifying offshore wind facility sponsors.
The total amount of megawatt capacity for offshore facilities with respect to which credits may be allocated under the program shall not exceed 3,000 megawatts.
Each applicant for certification under this paragraph shall submit an application containing such information as the Secretary may require beginning on the date the Secretary establishes the program under paragraph (1).
Period of issuance
An applicant which receives a certification shall have 5 years from the date of issuance of the certification in order to place the facility in service and if such facility is not placed in service by that time period, then the certification shall no longer be valid.
In determining which qualifying offshore wind facilities to certify under this section, the Secretary shall—
take into consideration which facilities will be placed in service at the earliest date, and
take into account the technology of the facility that may lead to reduced industry and consumer costs or expand access to offshore wind.
Review, additional allocations, and reallocations
Periodically, but not later than 4 years after the date of the enactment of this section, the Secretary shall review the credits allocated under this section as of the date of such review.
Additional allocations and reallocations
The Secretary may make additional allocations and reallocations of credits under this section if the Secretary determines that—
the limitation under paragraph (1)(B) has not been attained at the time of the review, or
scheduled placed-in-service dates of previously certified facilities have been significantly delayed and the Secretary determines the applicant will not meet the timeline pursuant to paragraph (2)(B).
Additional program for allocations and reallocations
If the Secretary determines that credits under this section are available for further allocation or reallocation, but there is an insufficient quantity of qualifying applications for certification pending at the time of the review, the Secretary is authorized to conduct an additional program for applications for certification.
Disclosure of allocations
The Secretary shall, upon making a certification under this subsection, publicly disclose the identity of the applicant and the amount of the credit with respect to such applicant.
Denial of double benefit
A credit shall not be allowed under this section with respect to any facility if—
a credit has been allowed to such facility under section 45 for such taxable year or any prior taxable year,
a credit has been allowed with respect to such facility under section 46 by reason of section 48(a) or 48C(a) for such taxable or any preceding taxable year, or
a grant has been made with respect to such facility under section 1603 of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.
Section 49(a)(1)(C) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended—
and at the end of clause (v),
by striking the
period at the end of clause (vi) and inserting
, and, and
by adding after clause (vi) the following new clause:
the basis of any property which is part of a qualifying offshore wind facility under section 48E.
The table of sections for subpart E of part IV of subchapter A of chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 48D the following new item:
48E. Credit for offshore wind facilities.
The amendments made by this section shall apply to periods after the date of the enactment of this Act, under rules similar to the rules of section 48(m) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of the Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1990).