< Back to S. 512 (113th Congress, 2013–2015)

Text of the TALENT Act

This bill was introduced on March 11, 2013, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted. The text of the bill below is as of Mar 11, 2013 (Introduced).

II

113th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 512

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

March 11, 2013

(for himself,Ms. Mikulski, andMr. Casey) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to theCommittee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions

A BILL

To amend the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to aid gifted and talented and high-ability learners by empowering the Nation's teachers, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title; table of contents

(a)

Short title

This Act may be cited as the To Aid Gifted and High-Ability Learners by Empowering the Nation's Teachers Act or the TALENT Act .

(b)

Table of contents

The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

Sec. 2. Findings.

Sec. 3. References.

TITLE I—Improving basic program requirements

Sec. 101. State plans.

Sec. 102. Annual State report cards.

Sec. 103. Local educational agency plans.

Sec. 104. National Assessment of title I.

TITLE II—Improving teaching for gifted and talented students

Sec. 201. State applications.

Sec. 202. Local applications and needs assessments.

Sec. 203. Local use of funds.

Sec. 204. Subgrants to eligible partnerships.

TITLE III—Gifted and talented students in rural schools

Sec. 301. Small rural school achievement program.

Sec. 302. Rural and low-income school program.

TITLE IV—Supporting essential research on the learning needs of gifted and talented students

Sec. 401. Supporting essential research on the learning needs of gifted and talented students.

TITLE V—General provisions

Sec. 501. Definitions.

Sec. 502. Amendments to other laws.

Sec. 503. Effective Date.

2.

Findings

Congress makes the following findings:

(1)

Academically gifted and talented students make up an estimated 6 to 10 percent of the prekindergarten through grade 12 student population, totaling between 3,000,000 and 6,000,000 students.

(2)

There is a growing excellence gap at the highest levels of achievement between the performance of subgroups of students, particularly between the performance of students who are African-American or Hispanic and the performance of White students, and between low-income students compared to their more advantaged peers, on statewide assessments and on the National Assessment of Educational Progress.

(3)

Advanced students in the United States lag behind the performance of similar students in other countries, which puts the Nation at a competitive disadvantage.

(4)

Gifted and talented students, and high-ability students who have not been formally identified for gifted education services, require modifications to the general education curriculum to fully meet their potential.

(5)

Effective assessment and instruction of gifted and talented students requires educators to have specialized knowledge and skills.

(6)

Ninety percent of teachers nationwide want more professional development focused on the skills necessary for teaching advanced students.

(7)

Interventions and strategies that have been demonstrated to be successful with gifted and talented students can be modified to improve the achievement of all students.

(8)

The availability of gifted education programs and services to students who require such services is unequal and often relies solely on local resources and leadership, leaving many high-ability students from rural areas or who are English language learners or Hispanic, African-American, or Native American, among others, without access to appropriate services.

(9)

There are an estimated 360,000 students in the United States who are both gifted and have a disability. Thesetwice exceptionalchildren present special challenges because their disability often masks their academic potential or their academic strengths may mask their disability, resulting in a lack of services and supports for this student population.

(10)

The development and dissemination of research and national data on gifted and talented students is necessary to—

(A)

guide evidence-based classroom practices vital to meeting the unique needs of this population of students; and

(B)

contribute to the decisionmaking of educators, families, and policymakers.

3.

References

Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in this Act an amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal of, a section or other provision, the reference shall be considered to be made to a section or other provision of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act ( 20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq. ).

I

Improving basic program requirements

101.

State plans

(a)

Accountability

Section 1111(b)(2)(A) (20 U.S.C. 6311(b)(2)(A)) is amended—

(1)

in clause (ii), by strikingandafter the semicolon;

(2)

in clause (iii), by striking the period at the end and inserting; and; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following:

(iv)

include a recognition program for local educational agencies in the State that, for each category of students described in subparagraph (C)(v), significantly increase the proportion of students scoring at or above the advanced level of achievement on the State academic assessments under paragraph (3).

.

(b)

State assessments

Section 1111(b)(3)(C) ( 20 U.S.C. 6311(b)(3)(C) ) is amended—

(1)

in clause (xiv), by strikingandafter the semicolon;

(2)

in clause (xv), by striking the period and inserting; and; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following:

(xvi)

measure individual academic achievement, including measuring above grade level achievement.

.

(c)

Accountability system

Section 1111(b)(8) ( 20 U.S.C. 6311(b)(8) ) is amended—

(1)

in subparagraph (D), by strikingandafter the semicolon;

(2)

by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (F); and

(3)

by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following:

(E)

the specific steps the State educational agency will take to assist each local educational agency and school affected by the State plan to provide additional educational assistance to individual students who—

(i)

perform at the advanced level of achievement on the State academic assessments described in paragraph (3); and

(ii)

are gifted and talented (including high-ability students who have not been formally identified for gifted education services); and

.

102.

Annual State report cards

Section 1111(h)(1)(C) ( 20 U.S.C. 6311(h)(1)(C) ) is amended—

(1)

in clause (vii), by striking; andand inserting a semicolon;

(2)

by redesignating clause (viii) as clause (ix); and

(3)

by inserting after clause (vii) the following:

(viii)

a comparison of the performance of students between different local educational agencies across the State at each level of achievement described in subsection (b)(1)(D)(ii), disaggregated by the subgroups described in subsection (b)(2)(C)(v); and

.

103.

Local educational agency plans

(a)

Plan provisions

Section 1112(b)(1) ( 20 U.S.C. 6312(b)(1) ) is amended—

(1)

in subparagraph (P), by strikingandafter the semicolon;

(2)

in subparagraph (Q), by striking the period at the end and inserting; and; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following:

(R)

a description of how the local educational agency will identify gifted and talented students, including high-ability students who have not previously been formally identified for gifted education services, and implement educational approaches at the elementary and secondary levels to support the learning needs of gifted and talented students to ensure that such students make appropriate learning gains, such as early entrance to kindergarten, enrichment, acceleration, curriculum compacting, and dual enrollment in secondary school and postsecondary education.

.

(b)

Schoolwide programs

Section 1114(b)(1) ( 20 U.S.C. 6314(b)(1) ) is amended by adding at the end the following:

(K)

A description of how the school will identify gifted and talented students, including high-ability students who have not previously been formally identified for gifted education services, and provide services to support the learning needs of such students to ensure that such students make appropriate learning gains.

.

(c)

Targeted assistance schools

Section 1115(c)(1) ( 20 U.S.C. 6315(c)(1) ) is amended—

(1)

in subparagraph (G), by strikingandafter the semicolon;

(2)

in subparagraph (H), by striking the period at the end and inserting; and; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following:

(I)

identify gifted and talented students, including high-ability students who have not previously been formally identified for gifted education services, and provide services to support the learning needs of such students to ensure that gifted and talented and high-ability students make appropriate learning gains.

.

104.

National Assessment of title I

Section 1501(a)(2)(E) ( 20 U.S.C. 6491(a)(2)(E) ) is amended—

(1)

in clause (iv), by strikingand;

(2)

in clause (v), by striking the period at the end and inserting; and; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following:

(vi)

made public an analysis of excellence gaps and a description of activities to close any such gaps.

.

II

Improving teaching for gifted and talented students

201.

State applications

Section 2112(b)(5) ( 20 U.S.C. 6612(b)(5) ) is amended by adding at the end the following:

(C)

A description of the comprehensive strategy the State educational agency will use to improve the teaching skills of teachers, principals, pupil services personnel, and other instructional leaders in order to enable them to employ strategies that focus on—

(i)

the identification of students' specific learning needs, particularly students with disabilities, students who are limited English proficient, students who are gifted and talented, and students with low literacy levels; and

(ii)

the tailoring of academic instruction to such needs.

.

202.

Local applications and needs assessments

(a)

Local applications

Section 2122(b) ( 20 U.S.C. 6622(b) ) is amended by adding at the end the following:

(12)

A description of how the activities will have a substantial, measurable, and positive impact on student academic achievement and how the activities will be used as part of a broader strategy to eliminate the achievement gap and the excellence gap.

.

(b)

Needs assessment

Section 2122(c)(2) ( 20 U.S.C. 6622(c)(2) ) is amended by insertingshall be based on an analysis of the achievement and learning needs of students at each level of achievement described in section 1111(b)(1)(D)(ii) on the State academic assessments, disaggregated by each subgroup described in section 1111(b)(2)(C)(v)(II), andbeforeshall be conducted.

203.

Local use of funds

Section 2123(a) (20 U.S.C. 6623(a)) is amended—

(1)

in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by strikingto carry outand insertingto increase student achievement for all students, including limited English proficient students, students with disabilities, and gifted and talented students, by carrying out; and

(2)

in paragraph (3)(B)

(A)

in clause (iv), by strikingand;

(B)

in clause (v), by striking the period at the end and inserting; and; and

(C)

by adding at the end the following:

(vi)

provide training to support the identification of students who are gifted and talented, and to implement instructional practices that support the education of such students, such as early entrance to kindergarten, enrichment, acceleration, curriculum compacting and dual enrollment in secondary school and postsecondary education.

.

204.

Subgrants to eligible partnerships

Section 2134(a)(1) ( 20 U.S.C. 6634(a)(1) ) is amended—

(1)

in subparagraph (A), by strikingandafter the semicolon; and

(2)

by adding at the end the following:

(C)

teachers, principals, and pupil service personnel have the training to support the identification of students who are gifted and talented, including high-ability students who have not been formally identified for gifted education services, and implementation of instructional practices that support the education of such students, such as early entrance to kindergarten, enrichment, acceleration, curriculum compacting and dual enrollment in secondary school and postsecondary education; and

.

III

Gifted and talented students in rural schools

301.

Small rural school achievement program

Section 6211(a) ( 20 U.S.C. 7345(a) ) is amended by inserting, including supporting gifted and talented students (including high-ability students who have not been formally identified for gifted education services),afterlocal activities.

302.

Rural and low-income school program

Section 6222(a)(2) ( 20 U.S.C. 7351a(a)(2) ) is amended by strikingand to trainand inserting, train teachers to meet the unique learning needs of gifted and talented students, including high-ability students who have not been formally identified for gifted education services, and train.

IV

Supporting essential research on the learning needs of gifted and talented students

401.

Supporting essential research on the learning needs of gifted and talented students

The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Institute of Education Sciences, shall—

(1)

continue research and development activities related to the education of gifted and talented students, particularly research and development activities related to such students who reside in rural communities or have been underrepresented as gifted and talented, including students who are low-income, limited English proficient, students with disabilities, and students from minority backgrounds;

(2)

support a National Research and Dissemination Center on the Gifted and Talented that conducts research and serves as a national clearinghouse for evidence-based best practices to improve the identification and instruction of gifted and talented students;

(3)

administer demonstration grants that build and enhance the ability of elementary school and secondary school personnel to support gifted and talented students; and

(4)

ensure that statistical data related to the education of gifted and talented children in kindergarten through grade 12 in the United States and in other nations is collected, reported, analyzed, and disseminated.

V

General provisions

501.

Definitions

Section 9101 ( 20 U.S.C. 7801 ) is amended—

(1)

by redesignating paragraphs (19) through (42) and paragraph (43) as paragraphs (20) through (43) and paragraph (45), respectively;

(2)

by inserting after paragraph (18) the following:

(19)

Excellence gap

The termexcellence gapmeans differences in the percentage of students performing at the highest level of achievement described in section 1111(b)(1)(D)(ii) between different subgroups described in section 1111(b)(2)(C)(v)(II).

; and

(3)

by inserting after paragraph (43), as redesignated by paragraph (1), the following:

(44)

Teaching skills

The termteaching skillshas the meaning given the term in section 200 of the Higher Education Act of 1965.

.

502.

Amendments to other laws

(a)

Coordination of Federal STEM education

Section 101(b) of the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010 ( 42 U.S.C. 6621(b) ) is amended—

(1)

in the first subsection (b)

(A)

in paragraph (5)(D), by strikingandafter the semicolon;

(B)

in paragraph (6), by striking the period at the end and inserting; and; and

(C)

by inserting after paragraph (6), the following:

(7)

encourage participating agencies to develop and implement activities and programs that support advanced students in kindergarten through grade 12, including advanced students who are from low-income families and advanced students from other groups that are underrepresented in the STEM fields, in order to promote advanced students' pursuit of careers in STEM fields.

; and

(2)

by redesignating the second subsection (b) and subsection (c) as subsection (c) and subsection (d), respectively.

(b)

Laboratory cooperative science centers other authorized education activities

Section 3164 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 ( 42 U.S.C. 7381b(a) ) is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (5) by insertingThe Secretary shall determine which students are eligible to participate in such mathematics and science education programs based on the academic achievement of such students.afterdevelopment facilities.; and

(2)

in paragraph (13) by insertingThe Secretary shall determine which middle-school students are eligible to participate in such prefreshman enrichment program based on the academic achievement of such students.afterby universities on their campuses..

(c)

Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate programs

Section 6123 of the America COMPETES Act ( 20 U.S.C. 9833 ) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (d)

(A)

in paragraph (1) by strikingandafter the semicolon;

(B)

in paragraph (2) by striking the period at the end and inserting; and; and

(C)

by adding at the end the following:

(3)

the availability of Advanced Placement or International Baccalaureate mathematics, science, and critical foreign language courses earlier than is typical to students who are prepared for such work.

; and

(2)

in subsection (f)(2)

(A)

in subparagraph (E) by strikingandafter the semicolon;

(B)

in subparagraph (F) by striking the period at the end and inserting; and; and

(C)

by adding at the end the following:

(G)

how the eligible entity will make Advanced Placement or International Baccalaureate mathematics, science, and critical foreign language courses available earlier than is typical to students who are prepared for such work.

.

503.

Effective Date

This Act, and the amendments made by this Act, shall take effect 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act.