IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
March 12, 2013
Mr. Thune(for himself,Mr. Barrasso,Mr. Roberts, andMr. Isakson) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to theCommittee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
To require that the Federal Government procure from the private sector the goods and services necessary for the operations and management of certain Government agencies, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Freedom from Government Competition
Congressmakes the following findings:
Private sector business concerns, which are free to respond to the private or public demands of the marketplace, constitute the strength of the United States economic system.
Competitive private enterprises are the most productive, efficient, and effective sources of goods and services.
Unfair Government competition with the private sector of the economy is detrimental to the United States economic system.
Unfair Government competition with the private sector of the economy is at an unacceptably high level, both in scope and in dollar volume.
Current law and policy have failed to address adequately the problem of unfair Government competition with the private sector of the economy.
It is in the public interest that the Federal Government establish a consistent policy to rely on the private sector of the economy to provide goods and services necessary for or beneficial to the operation and management of Federal agencies and to avoid unfair Government competition with the private sector of the economy.
In this Act, the termagencymeans—
an executive department as defined by section 101of title 5, United States Code;
a military department as defined bysection 102 of such title; and
an independent establishment as defined bysection 104(l) of such title.
Procurement from private sources
In the process of governing, the Federal Government should not compete with its citizens. The competitive enterprise system, characterized by individual freedom and initiative, is the primary source of national economic strength. In recognition of this principle, it has been and continues to be the general policy of the Federal Government—
to rely on commercial sources to supply the products and services the Government needs;
to refrain from providing a product or service if the product or service can be procured more economically from a commercial source; and
to utilize Federal employees to perform inherently governmental functions (as that term is defined in section 5 of the Federal Activities Inventory Reform Act of 1998( Public Law 105–270 ; 31 U.S.C. 501note)).
Except as provided insubsection (c)and notwithstanding any other provision of law, each agency shall obtain all goods and services necessary for or beneficial to the accomplishment of its authorized functions by procurement from private sources.
Subsection (b)shall not apply to an agency with respect to goods or services if—
the goods or services are required by law to be produced or performed, respectively, by the agency; or
the head of the agency determines and certifies toCongressin accordance with regulations promulgated by theDirector of the Office of Management and Budgetthat—
Federal Government production, manufacture, or provision of a good or service is necessary for the national defense or homeland security;
a good or service is so inherently governmental in nature that it is in the public interest to require production or performance, respectively, by Government employees; or
there is no private source capable of providing the good or service.
Method of procurement
The provision of goods and services not exempt bysubsection (c)(1)or(c)(2)shall be performed by an entity in the private sector through—
the divestiture of Federal involvement in the provision of a good or service;
converting an activity to performance by a qualified firm under at least 51 percent ownership by an Indian tribe, as defined in section 4(e) of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act( 25 U.S.C. 450b(e) ), or a Native Hawaiian Organization, as defined in section 8(a)(15) of the Small Business Act(15 U.S.C. 637(a)(15)); or
conducting a public-private competitive sourcing analysis in accordance with the procedures established by theOffice of Management and Budgetand determining that using the assets, facilities, and performance of the private sector is in the best interest of the United States and that production or performance, respectively, by the private sector provides the best value to the taxpayer.
The head of an agency may utilize Federal employees to provide goods or services previously provided by an entity in the private sector upon completion of a public-private competitive sourcing analysis described insubsection (d)(4), and after making a determination that the provision of such goods or services by Federal employees provides the best value to the taxpayer.
TheDirector of the Office of Management and Budgetshall promulgate such regulations as theDirectorconsiders necessary to carry out this section. In promulgating such regulations, theDirectorshall assure that any State or territory, or political subdivision of a State or territory, complies with the policy and implements the requirements of this section when expending Federal funds.
Study and report
TheDirector of the Office of Management and Budget, in conjunction with theComptroller General of the United States, shall carry out a study to evaluate the activities carried out in each agency, including those identified as commercial and inherently governmental in nature in the inventory prepared pursuant to the Federal Activities Inventory Reform Act(Public Law 105–270; 31 U.S.C. 501note)and shall transmit a report to theCongressprior to June 30 of each year. The report shall include—
an evaluation of the justification for exempting activities pursuant tosection 4(c); and
a schedule for the transfer of commercial activities to the private sector, pursuant tosection 4(d), to be completed within 5 years after the date on which such report is transmitted to theCongress.