IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
May 8, 2013
Ms. Hirono (for herself, Mr. Wicker, Ms. Ayotte, Mrs. Murray, Mr. Cochran, Mrs. Gillibrand, Mr. Udall of New Mexico, and Mr. Boozman) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
To establish a position of Science Laureate of the United States.
This Act may be cited as the
Science Laureates of the United States
Act of 2013
Congress finds the following:
Scientific research and advancement has driven success in the United States and global success for centuries.
Scientific research has saved, improved, and extended lives, increased the standard of living, expanded economic opportunity, and advanced human understanding.
Such research holds the promise of continuing this progress, protecting the environment, creating jobs, growing the economy through innovative ideas and discoveries, and generally advancing all mankind.
People in the United States can benefit when scientific research is conducted and communicated in a transparent manner to better inform citizens about the nature and status of such research.
Scientific education is a critical element of preparing our Nation and our citizens for a technology-intensive future and ensuring that the United States remains the world leader in innovation and high-tech success.
A single spokesperson who can embody, demonstrate, and articulate the importance and excitement of scientific research and education will help improve the current and future state of science to the benefit of all people in the United States.
Establishment of Science Laureates of the United States
Congress recognizes that science contributes to the economic prosperity and general welfare of the United States, and that increasing the public’s awareness about the sciences will increase such benefits. Congress also recognizes that scientists who are both accomplished in their fields and who foster the public’s interest in science do a special service to the United States. To honor their service and to further increase the public’s awareness about the sciences, there is established the position of Science Laureate of the United States.
The President shall appoint a Science Laureate on the basis of—
merit, particularly the ability of an individual to—
foster and enhance public awareness and interest in science; and
provide ongoing significant scientific contributions; and
recommendations received from the National Academy of Sciences, based on the factors described in subparagraph (A).
Variety of Scientific Disciplines
The President shall strive to choose for the position of Science Laureate of the United States individuals, in different years, from different scientific disciplines, including biology, physics, geosciences, astronomy, mathematics, chemistry, and other science disciplines.
Number of appointments
The President may, in exceptional circumstances, appoint more than 1, but not more than 3 Science Laureates to serve simultaneously in the position of Science Laureate of the United States.
Each Science Laureate shall engage the public, from time to time, to increase the public’s awareness about science. A Science Laureate is encouraged to continue the Science Laureate's scientific work. The National Academy of Sciences shall facilitate the duties of a Science Laureate.
The Science Laureate position shall not have the effect of duplicating or superseding the role of the President’s Science Advisor.
Each Science Laureate shall serve a 1-year or 2-year term, as determined by the President. A Science Laureate may be reappointed for additional terms.
A Science Laureate shall serve without pay and shall not be considered to be a Federal employee based on such individual's appointment as a Science Laureate.
Reimbursement for travel
The National Academy of Sciences may, in its discretion, provide a Science Laureate with reimbursement for travel expenses incurred while performing duties as a Science Laureate, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in accordance with applicable provisions in the same manner as persons employed intermittently in the Government service are allowed expenses under section 5703 of title 5, United States Code .