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S. 994 (113th): DATA Act

The text of the bill below is as of Mar 27, 2014 (Reported by Senate Committee).


II

Calendar No. 337

113th CONGRESS

2d Session

S. 994

[Report No. 113–139]

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

May 21, 2013

(for himself, Mr. Portman, Mr. Whitehouse, Mr. Coburn, Mr. McCain, Mr. Johnson of Wisconsin, Mr. Enzi, Ms. Ayotte, Mr. Coons, Mr. Carper, and Mrs. Murray) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs

March 27, 2014

Reported by , with an amendment

Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed in italic

A BILL

To expand the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 to increase accountability and transparency in Federal spending, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2013 .

2.

Purposes

The purposes of this Act are to—

(1)

expand the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 by disclosing direct Federal agency expenditures and linking Federal contract, loan, and grant spending information to programs of Federal agencies in order to enable taxpayers and policy makers to track Federal spending more effectively;

(2)

provide consistent, reliable, and searchable Government-wide spending data that is displayed accurately for taxpayers and policy makers on USASpending.gov;

(3)

analyze Federal spending data to proactively prevent waste, fraud, abuse, and improper payments;

(4)

simplify reporting for entities receiving Federal funds by streamlining reporting requirements and reducing compliance costs while improving transparency; and

(5)

improve the quality of data submitted to USASpending.gov by holding Federal agencies accountable for the completeness and accuracy of the data submitted.

3.

Amendments to the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006

(a)

In general

Section 2 of the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (31 U.S.C. 6101 note) is amended—

(1)

in the section heading, by striking Full disclosure of entities receiving Federal funding and inserting Disclosure of Federal funding ;

(2)

in subsection (a)—

(A)

by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs (3) and (7), respectively;

(B)

by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:

(2)

Federal agency

The term Federal agency has the meaning given the term Executive agency under section 105 of title 5, United States Code.

;

(C)

by inserting after paragraph (3), as redesignated by subparagraph (A), the following:

(4)

Federal funds

The term Federal funds means any funds that are made available to or expended by a Federal agency.

(5)

Object class

The term object class means the category assigned for purposes of the annual budget of the President submitted under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, to the type of property or services purchased by the Federal Government.

(6)

Program activity

The term program activity has the meaning given that term under section 1115(h) of title 31, United States Code.

; and

(D)

in paragraph (7), as redesignated by subparagraph (A)—

(i)

in subparagraph (B), by striking paragraph (2)(A)(i) and inserting paragraph (3)(A)(i); and

(ii)

in subparagraph (C), by striking paragraph (2)(A)(ii) and inserting paragraph (3)(A)(ii);

(3)

in subsection (b)—

(A)

in paragraph (1)—

(i)

by striking “the Office of Management and Budget” and inserting “the Secretary of the Treasury” each place it appears;

(ii)

by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (G) as clauses (i) through (vii), respectively, and adjusting the margin accordingly;

(iii)

by striking for each Federal award— and inserting the following: “for all Federal funds—

(A)

for each Federal agency, component of a Federal agency, appropriations account, program activity, and object class (including any subcomponent of an object class), and other accounts or data as appropriate—

(i)

the amount of budget authority available;

(ii)

the amount obligated;

(iii)

the amount of outlays;

(iv)

the amount of any Federal funds reprogrammed or transferred; and

(v)

the amount of expired and unexpired unobligated balances; and

(B)

for each Federal award—

; and

(iv)

in subparagraph (B)(iii), as so designated by this subparagraph, by inserting , which shall be assigned a unique identifier, after information on the award;

(B)

in paragraph (3)—

(i)

by striking Director of the Office of Management and Budget and inserting Secretary of the Treasury ; and

(ii)

by striking the Director may and inserting the Secretary may;

(C)

in paragraph (4)—

(i)

by striking Director of the Office of Management and Budget and inserting Secretary of the Treasury ;

(ii)

by striking the Director upon and inserting the Secretary upon; and

(iii)

by striking the Director in and inserting the Secretary in; and

(D)

by adding at the end the following:

(5)

Application of data standards

The Secretary of the Treasury shall apply the data standards established by the Secretary of the Treasury under subsection (e) to all data collection, data dissemination, and data publication required under this section.

(6)

Data feed to recovery accountability and transparency board

The Secretary of the Treasury shall provide the data described in paragraph (1) to the Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board for inclusion in the Recovery Operations Center described in subsection (h).

;

(4)

in subsection (c)—

(A)

in paragraph (1)—

(i)

in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking and Grants.gov and inserting Grants.gov, the Payment Automation Manager and Federal Information Repository and other data or databases from the Department of the Treasury, the MAX Information System of the Office of Management and Budget, and other data from Federal agencies collected and identified by the Office of Management and Budget ;

(ii)

in subparagraph (B), by adding and at the end; and

(iii)

by adding at the end the following:

(C)

specify such search shall be confined to Federal funds;

;

(B)

in paragraph (2), by inserting the Payment Automation Manager and Federal Information Repository and other data or databases from the Department of the Treasury, the MAX Information System of the Office of Management and Budget, other data from Federal agencies collected and identified by the Office of Management and Budget, after Grants.gov website,;

(C)

in paragraph (4)—

(i)

by striking shall be updated not later and inserting the following: “shall be updated—

(A)

not later

; and

(ii)

by adding at the end the following:

(B)

not less than once each quarter with information relating to Federal funds;

;

(D)

in paragraph (5)—

(i)

by inserting Federal funds and before Federal awards the first place it appears;

(ii)

by striking subsection (a)(2)(A)(i) and those described in subsection (a)(2)(A)(ii) and inserting subsection (a)(3)(A)(i) and those described in subsection (a)(3)(A)(ii); and

(iii)

by striking the period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and

(E)

by adding at the end the following:

(6)

shall have the ability to aggregate data for the categories described in paragraphs (1) through (5) without double-counting data; and

(7)

shall permit all information published under this section to be downloaded in bulk.

;

(5)

by redesignating subsections (e), (f), and (g) as subsections (i), (j), and (k), respectively; and

(6)

by inserting after subsection (d) the following:

(e)

Department of the Treasury requirements

(1)

Data standards

(A)

In general

The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Administrator of General Services, and the heads of Federal agencies, shall establish Government-wide financial data standards for Federal funds, which shall—

(i)

include common data elements, such as codes, unique award identifiers, and fields, for financial and payment information required to be reported by Federal agencies and entities receiving Federal funds, including identifiers for Federal awards and entities receiving Federal awards;

(ii)

to the extent reasonable and practicable, ensure interoperability and incorporate—

(I)

common data elements developed and maintained by an international voluntary consensus standards body, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget, such as the International Organization for Standardization;

(II)

common data elements developed and maintained by Federal agencies with authority over contracting and financial assistance, such as the Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council; and

(III)

common data elements developed and maintained by accounting standards organizations; and

(iii)

include data reporting standards that—

(I)

incorporate a widely accepted, nonproprietary, searchable, platform-independent computer-readable format;

(II)

be consistent with and implement applicable accounting principles;

(III)

be capable of being continually upgraded as necessary;

(IV)

are structured to specifically support the reporting of financial and performance-related data, such as that any data produced, regardless of reporting need or software used for creation or consumption, is consistent and comparable across reporting situations;

(V)

establish, for each data point, a standard method of conveying the reporting period, reporting entity, unit of measure, and other associated attributes; and

(VI)

incorporate nonproprietary standards in effect on the date of enactment of the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2013.

(B)

Deadlines

(i)

Guidance

The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, shall issue guidance on the data standards established under subparagraph (A) to Federal agencies not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2013.

(ii)

Website

Not later than 1 year after the date on which the guidance under clause (i) is issued, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall ensure that the website required under this section makes data publically available in accordance with the data standards established under subparagraph (A).

(iii)

Agencies

Not later than 180 days after the date on which the guidance under clause (i) is issued, each Federal agency shall collect, report, and maintain data in accordance with the data standards established under subparagraph (A).

(C)

Consultation

The Secretary of the Treasury shall consult with public and private stakeholders in establishing data standards under this paragraph.

(2)

Improper payment prevention

(A)

In general

The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the heads and Inspectors General of Federal agencies, shall use the data to which the data standards established under paragraph (1) apply and other available data (including available data from State and local governments) to detect, prevent, and recover improper payments through pre-award, post-award pre-payment, and post-payment analysis, which shall include analysis and investigations incorporating—

(i)

review and data matching of payments and beneficiary enrollment lists of State programs carried out using Federal funds for the purposes of identifying eligibility duplication, residency ineligibility, duplicate payments, or other potential improper payment issues;

(ii)

review of multiple Federal agencies and programs for which comparison of data could show payment duplication; and

(iii)

review of other information the Secretary of the Treasury determines are effective, which may include investigation or review of information from multiple Federal agencies or programs.

(B)

Report

Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2013, the Secretary of the Treasury shall submit to Congress a report, which may be included as part of another report submitted to Congress, which shall include a description of—

(i)

the implementation of the fraud prevention efforts described under subparagraph (A); and

(ii)

the metrics used in determining whether the fraud prevention efforts have reduced, or contributed to the reduction of, improper payments or improper awards.

(3)

Improvements to access to data

(A)

In general

In order to carry out this Act, upon request by the Secretary of the Treasury—

(i)

the Commissioner of Social Security shall make available the Social Security earnings information of a living or deceased employee;

(ii)

the Director of the Bureau of Prisons shall make available information relating to Federal prisoners; and

(iii)

the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall make available information in the Credit Alert Verification System of the Department of Housing and Urban Development.

(B)

Use and protection of information

The Secretary of the Treasury—

(i)

may only use information obtained under subparagraph (A) to assist in Federal debt collection and in the prevention, identification or recovery of improper payments; and

(ii)

shall ensure that data to which the data standards established under paragraph (1) apply is adequately protected and collected in a manner consistent with privacy protections provided for by law.

(f)

Consolidated recipient financial reports

The Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall—

(1)

review the financial reporting required by Federal agencies for Federal award recipients to reduce duplicative financial reporting and compliance costs for recipients;

(2)

request input from Federal award recipients to reduce duplicative financial reporting, especially from State and local governments and institutes of higher education;

(3)

not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2013, provide instructions to the heads of Federal agencies regarding how to simplify the reporting requirements for Federal award recipients to reduce duplicative reporting and reports to reduce compliance costs, as appropriate; and

(4)

not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2013, submit to Congress a report regarding any legislative action required to streamline the reporting requirements for Federal award recipients.

(g)

Accountability for Federal funding

(1)

In general

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2013, and every 2 years thereafter until the date that is 6 years after such date of enactment, the Inspector General of each Federal agency, in consultation with the Comptroller General of the United States, shall review a sampling of the spending data submitted under this Act by the Federal agency and shall submit to Congress and make publically available a report in on the completeness, timeliness, quality, and accuracy of the data sampled and the implementation and use of consistent data standards by the Federal agency.

(2)

Comptroller General

(A)

In general

Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2013, and every 2 years thereafter until the date that is 6 years after such date of enactment, and after review of the reports submitted under paragraph (1), the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to Congress and make publically available a report on the data completeness, timeliness, quality, and accuracy of the data submitted under this Act by each Federal agency and the implementation and use of consistent data standards by each Federal agency.

(B)

Ranking

The Comptroller General of the United States shall make available a ranking of Federal agencies regarding data quality, accuracy, and compliance with this Act.

(h)

Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board

(1)

Resources and mechanisms

The Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board shall develop and test information technology resources and oversight mechanisms to enhance the transparency of, and detect and remediate waste, fraud, and abuse in, Federal spending for Inspectors General.

(2)

Website

The Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board shall maintain a website informing the public of the activities of the Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board to identify waste, fraud, and abuse and increase transparency of Federal spending to provide analytical support for Inspectors General.

(3)

Recovery Operations Center

The Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board shall establish and maintain a Recovery Operations Center as a governmentwide Internet-based data access system to carry out the functions described in paragraph (4).

(4)

Functions of the Recovery Operations Center

The functions described in this paragraph are the following:

(A)

In general

The Recovery Operations Center shall incorporate—

(i)

all information described in subsection (b)(1);

(ii)

other information maintained by Federal, State, local, and foreign government agencies; and

(iii)

other commercially and publicly available information.

(B)

Specific functions

The Recovery Operations Center shall be designed and operated to carry out the following functions:

(i)

Combine information described in subsection (b)(1) with other compilations of information, including those listed in subparagraph (A).

(ii)

Permit Inspectors Generals, in accordance with applicable law, to detect and remediate waste, fraud, and abuse.

.

4.

Pilot program to evaluate consolidated recipient reporting

(a)

In general

Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury and the Director of the Office of Management, shall establish a pilot program relating to reporting by recipients of Federal funds (in this section referred to as the pilot program) for the purpose of increasing financial transparency to—

(1)

display the full cycle of Federal funds;

(2)

improve the accuracy of Federal financial data; and

(3)

develop recommendations for reducing reporting required of recipients of Federal funds by consolidating and automating financial reporting requirements across the Federal Government.

(b)

Requirements

The pilot program shall—

(1)

include recipients that collectively receive not less than $1,000,000,000 in Federal funds each fiscal year;

(2)

include recipients that receive Federal funds under multiple programs across multiple agencies; and

(3)

include recipients that collectively receive Federal funds under contracts, grants, and subawards.

(c)

Reporting and evaluation requirements

Each recipient of Federal funds participating in the pilot program shall submit to the Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board reports on the finances of the selected Federal awards.

(d)

Publication of information

All the information collected by the Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board under the pilot program shall be made publicly available and searchable on the website established under section 2 of the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (31 U.S.C. 6101 note).

(e)

Termination

The pilot program shall terminate on the date that is 3 years after the date on which the Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board establishes the pilot program.

(f)

Report to Congress

Not later than 90 days after the date on which the pilot program terminates under subsection (e), the Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board shall submit to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs and the Committee on the Budget of the Senate and the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform and the Committee on the Budget of the House of Representatives a report on the pilot program, which shall include—

(1)

a description of financial data collected under the pilot program, the accuracy of the data provided, and the cost to collect the data from recipients; and

(2)

recommendations for—

(A)

consolidating some or all aspects of Federal financial reporting to reduce the costs to recipients of Federal funds;

(B)

automating some or all aspects of Federal financial reporting to increase efficiency and reduce the costs to recipients of Federal funds; and

(C)

improving financial transparency.

5.

Classified and protected information

Section 3 of the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (31 U.S.C. 6101 note) is amended to read as follows:

3.

Classified and protected information

Nothing in this Act shall require the disclosure to the public or to any person without an identifiable need to know—

(1)

information protected under section 552 of title 5, United States Code (commonly known as the ‘Freedom of Information Act’); or

(2)

information protected under section 552a of title 5, United States Code (commonly known as the Privacy Act of 1974), or section 6103 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

.

6.

Expanding access by the Secretary of the Treasury to the National Directory of New Hires

Section 453(j)(9) of the Social Security Act ( 42 U.S.C. 653(j)(9) ) is amended—

(1)

in the paragraph heading, by inserting and in the prevention, identification, and recovery of improper payments after collection ;

(2)

in subparagraph (A)—

(A)

in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking with respect to persons— and inserting to assist in Federal debt collection and in the prevention, identification, or recovery of improper payments with respect to—;

(B)

by striking who owe and inserting the following: “persons—

(I)

who owe

;

(C)

by striking 31 U.S.C. 3711(g). and inserting section 3711(g) of title 31, United States Code; or;

(D)

redesignating clause (ii) as subclause (II), and adjusting the margin accordingly; and

(E)

by adding at the end the following:

(ii)

persons—

(I)

who receive a payment the head of a Federal executive, judicial, or legislative agency certifies is under review to determine the eligibility of the person to receive the payment; or

(II)

whose eligibility, or continuing eligibility, to participate in a program of the Federal Government (including a program administered by a State or local government) is being reviewed.

;

(3)

in subparagraph (B), by striking to improve collection of the debt and inserting for the purposes;

(4)

in subparagraph (D), by striking of collecting the debt;

(5)

in subparagraph (E)—

(A)

in clause (i), by striking of collecting the debt;

(B)

in clause (ii), by inserting and to a Federal, State, or local agency in connection with preventing, identifying, or recovering improper payments as described in subparagraph (A) before the period at the end;

(C)

in clause (iv)(II), by striking described in subparagraph (A), and all that follows and inserting , in connection with a purpose described in subparagraph (A), to a contractor or agent of either Secretary, to the Federal agency (including any contractor or agent of the Federal agency) that referred a debt to the Secretary of the Treasury for collection, or to a Federal, State, or local agency (including any contractor or agent of any such agency) for purposes of preventing, identifying, or recovering improper payments, subject to the conditions in clause (iii) and such additional conditions as agreed by the Secretaries.; and

(D)

in clause (v), by striking collecting the debt and inserting the purposes; and

(6)

in subparagraph (F), by adding at the end the following: The Secretary of the Treasury shall reimburse the Secretary for any costs attributable to the prevention, identification, or recovery of improper payments out of any appropriation available to the Secretary of the Treasury for this purpose..

7.

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 amendments

Title XV of division A of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 ( Public Law 111–5 ; 123 Stat. 286) is amended—

(1)

in section 1501, by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:

(4)

Covered funds

The term covered funds

(A)

except as provided in subparagraph (B), means any funds that are expended or obligated from appropriations made under this Act; and

(B)

for purposes of sections 1522 and 1524, means funds that are expended or obligated by an agency from appropriations made under this or any other Act.

;

(2)

in section 1512, by adding at the end the following:

(i)

Expiration

The requirements under this section shall terminate on September 30, 2013.

;

(3)

in section 1523, by adding at the end the following:

(d)

Expiration

The requirements under this section shall terminate on September 30, 2013.

;

(4)

in section 1526, by adding at the end the following:

(e)

Expiration

The requirements under this section shall terminate on September 30, 2013.

; and

(5)

in section 1530, by striking September 30, 2013, and inserting September 30, 2017..

8.

Disaster Relief Appropriations Act of 2013 amendments

Section 904(d) of division A of the Disaster Relief Appropriations Act of 2013 ( Public Law 113–2 ; 127 Stat. 18) is amended in section 904(d)—

(1)

by striking for purposes related to the impact of Hurricane Sandy;

(2)

by striking related to the impact of Hurricane Sandy after receiving appropriations; and

(3)

by striking related to funds appropriated for the impact of Hurricane Sandy after on its activities.

9.

Executive agency accounting and other financial management reports and plans

Section 3512(a) of title 31, United States Code, is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (1), by inserting and make available on the website described under section 1122 after appropriate committees of Congress;

(2)

in paragraph (3)(B)(vi), by inserting , system development, financial management workforce development, related risk assessment and mitigation for the Federal Government as a whole, related risk assessment and mitigation for executive agencies, development of capacity to prevent and detect fraud, after equipment acquisitions; and

(3)

in paragraph (4), by adding at the end the following:

(C)

Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2013, and every 90 days thereafter, the Director shall make available on the website described under section 1122 a report regarding—

(i)

specific goals for the most recent full fiscal year, the fiscal year during which the report is submitted, and the fiscal year following the year during which the report is submitted that are necessary steps toward implementing the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 ( 31 U.S.C. 6101 note) fully and in an effective, efficient, and accurate manner; and

(ii)

the status and progress achieved toward each goal described in clause (i), including any changes to the cost, schedule, or performance baselines of achieving each goal, using earned value management where appropriate.

.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2013 or the DATA Act .

2.

Purposes

The purposes of this Act are to—

(1)

expand the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (31 U.S.C. 6101 note) by disclosing direct Federal agency expenditures and linking Federal contract, loan, and grant spending information to programs of Federal agencies to enable taxpayers and policy makers to track Federal spending more effectively;

(2)

provide consistent, reliable, and searchable Government-wide spending data that is displayed accurately for taxpayers and policy makers on USASpending.gov;

(3)

simplify reporting for entities receiving Federal funds by streamlining reporting requirements and reducing compliance costs while improving transparency; and

(4)

improve the quality of data submitted to USASpending.gov by holding Federal agencies accountable for the completeness and accuracy of the data submitted.

3.

Amendments to the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006

The Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 ( 31 U.S.C. 6101 note) is amended—

(1)

in section 2

(A)

in subsection (a)

(i)

in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking this section and inserting this Act;

(ii)

by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs (3) and (7), respectively;

(iii)

by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:

(2)

Federal agency

The term Federal agency has the meaning given the term Executive agency under section 105 of title 5, United States Code.

; and

(iv)

by inserting after paragraph (3), as redesignated by subparagraph (A), the following:

(4)

Federal funds

The term Federal funds means any funds that are made available to or expended by a Federal agency.

(5)

Object class

The term object class means the category assigned for purposes of the annual budget of the President submitted under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, to the type of property or services purchased by the Federal Government.

(6)

Program activity

The term program activity has the meaning given that term under section 1115(h) of title 31, United States Code.

; and

(B)

in subsection (c)

(i)

in paragraph (4), by striking and at the end;

(ii)

in paragraph (5), by striking the period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and

(iii)

by adding at the end the following:

(6)

shall have the ability to aggregate data for the categories described in paragraphs (1) through (5) without double-counting data; and

(7)

shall permit all information published under this section to be downloaded in bulk.

; and

(2)

by striking sections 3 and 4 and inserting the following:

3.

Full disclosure of Federal Funds

(a)

In general

Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2013 , and every month thereafter, the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, shall ensure that the information in subsection (b) is posted on the website established under section 2.

(b)

Information to be posted

The information to be posted shall include, for each Federal agency, component of a Federal agency, appropriations account, program activity, and object class (including any subcomponent of an object class), and other accounts or data as appropriate—

(1)

the amount of budget authority authorized;

(2)

the amount obligated;

(3)

the amount of outlays;

(4)

the amount of any Federal funds reprogrammed or transferred; and

(5)

the amount of expired and unexpired unobligated balances.

4.

Data standards

(a)

In general

The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Administrator of General Services, and the heads of Federal agencies, shall establish Government-wide financial data standards for Federal funds, which shall include common data elements for financial and payment information required to be reported by Federal agencies and entities receiving Federal funds.

(b)

Requirements

The data standards established under subsection (a) shall, to the extent reasonable and practicable—

(1)

incorporate widely accepted common data elements, such as those developed and maintained by—

(A)

an international voluntary consensus standards body;

(B)

Federal agencies with authority over contracting and financial assistance; and

(C)

accounting standards organizations;

(2)

incorporate a widely accepted, nonproprietary, searchable, platform-independent computer-readable format;

(3)

include Government-wide universal identifiers for Federal awards and entities receiving Federal awards;

(4)

be consistent with and implement applicable accounting principles;

(5)

be capable of being continually upgraded as necessary;

(6)

produce consistent and comparable data, including across program activities; and

(7)

establish a standard method of conveying the reporting period, reporting entity, unit of measure, and other associated attributes.

(c)

Deadlines

(1)

Guidance

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2013 , the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, shall issue guidance to Federal agencies on the data standards established under subsection (a).

(2)

Agencies

Not later than 1 year after the date on which the guidance under paragraph (1) is issued, each Federal agency shall collect, report, and maintain financial and payment information data in accordance with the data standards established under subsection (a).

(3)

Website

Not later than 2 years after the date on which the guidance under paragraph (1) is issued, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget and the Secretary of the Treasury shall ensure that the data standards established under subsection (a) are applied to the data made available on the website established under section 2.

(d)

Consultation

The Secretary of the Treasury shall consult with public and private stakeholders in establishing data standards under this section.

5.

Simplifying Federal award reporting

(a)

In general

The Director of the Office of Management and Budget, in consultation with relevant Federal agencies, recipients of Federal funds, including State and local governments, and institutions of higher education (as defined in section 102 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 ( 20 U.S.C. 1002 )), shall review the information required to be reported by recipients of Federal awards to identify—

(1)

common reporting elements across the Federal Government;

(2)

unnecessary duplication in financial reporting; and

(3)

unnecessarily burdensome reporting requirements for recipients of Federal awards.

(b)

Pilot program

(1)

Establishment

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2013 , the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, or a designee of the Director, shall establish a pilot program relating to reporting (in this section referred to as the pilot program) to facilitate the development of recommendations for—

(A)

common reporting elements across the Federal Government;

(B)

the elimination of unnecessary duplication in financial reporting; and

(C)

the reduction of compliance costs for recipients of Federal awards.

(2)

Requirements

The pilot program shall—

(A)

include a combination of Federal contracts, grants, and subawards, the aggregate value of which is not less than $1,000,000,000;

(B)

include a diverse group of recipients of Federal awards; and

(C)

to the extent practicable, include recipients who receive Federal awards from multiple programs across multiple agencies.

(3)

Data collection

The pilot program shall include data collected during a 12-month reporting cycle.

(4)

Reporting and evaluation requirements

Each recipient of a Federal award participating in the pilot program shall submit to the Office of Management and Budget any requested reports of the selected Federal awards.

(5)

Termination

The pilot program shall terminate on the date that is 2 years after the date on which the Director of the Office of Management and Budget establishes the pilot program.

(6)

Agency guidance

Not later than 90 days after the date on which the pilot program terminates under paragraph (5), the Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall provide guidance to the heads of Federal agencies regarding how to simplify the reporting requirements for recipients of Federal awards to reduce unnecessary duplicative reports and to reduce compliance costs, as appropriate.

(7)

Report to Congress

Not later than 90 days after the date on which the pilot program terminates under paragraph (5), the Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall submit to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs and the Committee on the Budget of the Senate and the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform and the Committee on the Budget of the House of Representatives a report on the pilot program, which shall include—

(A)

a description of the data collected under the pilot program, the usefulness of the data provided, and the cost to collect the data from recipients; and

(B)

recommendations for—

(i)

consolidating aspects of Federal financial reporting to reduce the costs to recipients of Federal awards;

(ii)

automating aspects of Federal financial reporting to increase efficiency and reduce the costs to recipients of Federal awards;

(iii)

any legislative action required to simplify the reporting requirements for recipients of Federal awards; and

(iv)

improving financial transparency.

6.

Accountability for Federal funding

(a)

Inspector general reports

(1)

In general

In accordance with paragraph (2), the Inspector General of each Federal agency, in consultation with the Comptroller General of the United States, shall—

(A)

review a statistically valid sampling of the spending data submitted under this Act by the Federal agency; and

(B)

submit to Congress and make publically available a report assessing the completeness, timeliness, quality, and accuracy of the data sampled and the implementation and use of data standards by the Federal agency.

(2)

Deadlines

(A)

First report

Not later than 18 months after the date on which guidance is issued under section 4(c)(1), the Inspector General of each Federal agency shall submit a report as described in paragraph (1).

(B)

Subsequent reports

On the same date as the Inspector General of each Federal agency submits the second and fourth reports under sections 3521(f) and 9105(a)(3) of title 31, United States Code, that are submitted after the report under subparagraph (A), the Inspector General shall submit a report as described in paragraph (1). The report submitted under this subparagraph may be submitted as a part of the report submitted under section 3521(f) or 9105(a)(3) of title 31, United States Code.

(b)

Comptroller general

Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2013 , and every 2 years thereafter until the date that is 6 years after such date of enactment, and after review of the reports submitted under subsection (a), the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to Congress and make publically available a report assessing and comparing the data completeness, timeliness, quality, and accuracy of the data submitted under this Act by Federal agencies and the implementation and use of data standards by Federal agencies.

7.

Classified and protected information

Nothing in this Act shall require the disclosure to the public of—

(1)

information protected from disclosure under section 552 of title 5, United States Code (commonly known as the Freedom of Information Act ); or

(2)

information protected under section 552a of title 5, United States Code (commonly known as the Privacy Act of 1974 ), or section 6103 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

.

4.

Executive agency accounting and other financial management reports and plans

Section 3512(a) of title 31, United States Code, is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (1), by inserting and make available on the website described under section 1122 after appropriate committees of Congress; and

(2)

in paragraph (4), by adding at the end the following:

(C)

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2013 , and every 5 years thereafter, the Director shall make available on the website described under section 1122 a report regarding the implementation of the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (31 U.S.C. 6101 note).

.

5.

Funding

The Secretary of the Treasury may use amounts in the Department of the Treasury franchise fund established under the matter under the heading Treasury Franchise Fund (as contained in section 101(f) of division A of title I of Public Law 104–208 ( 31 U.S.C. 322 note; 110 Stat. 3009–316)) without further appropriation to carry out this Act and the amendments made by this Act.

March 27, 2014

Reported with an amendment