H. R. 1396
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
March 17, 2015
Ms. Eshoo (for herself, Mr. Shimkus, and Mr. Michael F. Doyle of Pennsylvania) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce
To amend the Communications Act of 1934 to authorize a bipartisan majority of Commissioners of the Federal Communications Commission to hold nonpublic collaborative discussions.
This Act may be cited as the
Federal Communications Commission Collaboration Act of 2015.
Congress finds the following:
Commissioners of the Federal Communications Commission (in this section referred to as the Commission), past and present, have stated that, while they support the intent of section 552b of title 5, United States Code, the implementation of that section has hindered the ability of the Commission to have a substantive exchange of ideas and hold collective deliberations on issues pending before the Commission.
The principal purpose of Congress in creating a multimember agency is to obtain the benefits of collegial decisionmaking by the members of the agency, who bring to the decisionmaking process different philosophical perspectives, experiences, and areas of expertise.
Commissioners have relied primarily on an inefficient combination of written messages, communications among staff, and a series of meetings restricted to 2 Commissioners at each such meeting to discuss complex telecommunications matters pending before the Commission.
Extensive use of such methods of communication has harmed collegiality and cooperation at the Commission.
Numerous regulatory matters have been pending before the Commission for years, and continued inaction on these issues has the potential to hinder innovation and private investment in the domestic communications industry.
The Commission must be able to work more collaboratively and efficiently than in the past to meet the current challenge of expanding broadband Internet access to the extent necessary to serve the business, educational, health, and cultural needs of all people in the United States.
Nonpublic collaborative discussions of the Federal Communications Commission
Section 4 of the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 154) is amended by adding at the end the following:
Nonpublic collaborative discussions
Notwithstanding section 552b of title 5, United States Code, a bipartisan majority of Commissioners may hold a meeting that is closed to the public to discuss official business if—
a vote or any other agency action is not taken at such meeting;
each person present at such meeting is a Commissioner, an employee of the Commission, a member of a joint board or conference established under section 410, or a person on the staff of such a joint board or conference or of a member of such a joint board or conference; and
an attorney from the Office of General Counsel of the Commission is present at such meeting.
Disclosure of nonpublic collaborative discussions
Not later than 2 business days after the conclusion of a meeting held under paragraph (1), the Commission shall publish a disclosure of such meeting, including—
a list of the persons who attended such meeting; and
a summary of the matters discussed at such meeting, except for such matters as the Commission determines may be withheld under section 552b(c) of title 5, United States Code.
Preservation of open meetings requirements for agency action
Nothing in this subsection shall limit the applicability of section 552b of title 5, United States Code, with respect to a meeting of Commissioners other than that described in paragraph (1).
In this subsection:
agency action has the meaning given such term in section 551 of title 5, United States Code.
The term bipartisan majority means, when used with respect to a group of Commissioners, that such group—
is a group of 3 or more Commissioners; and
includes, for each political party of which any Commissioner is a member, at least 1 Commissioner who is a member of such political party, and, if any Commissioner has no political party affiliation, at least one unaffiliated Commissioner.