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H.R. 140 (114th): Birthright Citizenship Act of 2015


The text of the bill below is as of Jan 6, 2015 (Introduced). The bill was not enacted into law.

Summary of this bill

Republican Presidential candidate Donald Trump wants to end birthright citizenship. Currently the status quo policy in America, ever since the 14th Amendment was passed shortly after the Civil War, anybody born on U.S. soil is automatically made a citizen, even if neither of their parents are. About 300,000 children a year — roughly eight percent of new babies born in America each year — are to noncitizen parents, but are instantly citizens under the status quo.

There’s legislation in this Congress that would end the practice, enacting the same policy that Trump shocked the nation by calling for. But this legislation was introduced seven months prior to when Trump ...


I

114th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 140

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

January 6, 2015

(for himself, Mr. Duncan of Tennessee, and Mr. Brooks of Alabama) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

A BILL

To amend section 301 of the Immigration and Nationality Act to clarify those classes of individuals born in the United States who are nationals and citizens of the United States at birth.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Birthright Citizenship Act of 2015.

2.

Citizenship at birth for certain persons born in the United States

(a)

In general

Section 301 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1401) is amended—

(1)

by inserting (a) In general.— before The following;

(2)

by redesignating subsections (a) through (h) as paragraphs (1) through (8), respectively; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following:

(b)

Definition

Acknowledging the right of birthright citizenship established by section 1 of the 14th amendment to the Constitution, a person born in the United States shall be considered ‘subject to the jurisdiction’ of the United States for purposes of subsection (a)(1) if the person is born in the United States of parents, one of whom is—

(1)

a citizen or national of the United States;

(2)

an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence in the United States whose residence is in the United States; or

(3)

an alien performing active service in the armed forces (as defined in section 101 of title 10, United States Code).

.

(b)

Applicability

The amendment made by subsection (a)(3) shall not be construed to affect the citizenship or nationality status of any person born before the date of the enactment of this Act.