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H.R. 2544 (114th): Excess Uranium Transparency and Accountability Act

The text of the bill below is as of May 21, 2015 (Introduced).

Source: GPO

I

114th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 2544

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

May 21, 2015

(for herself, Mr. Hinojosa, Mr. Cuellar, and Mr. Burgess) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce

A BILL

To amend the USEC Privatization Act to require the Secretary of Energy to issue a long-term Federal excess uranium inventory management plan, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Excess Uranium Transparency and Accountability Act.

2.

Uranium transfers and sales

Section 3112 of the USEC Privatization Act (42 U.S.C. 2297h–10) is amended—

(1)

by redesignating subsections (b) through (f) as subsections (d) through (h), respectively;

(2)

by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:

(a)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

Depleted uranium

The term depleted uranium means uranium having an assay less than the assay for—

(A)

natural uranium; or

(B)

0.711 percent of the uranium-235 isotope.

(2)

Highly enriched uranium

The term highly enriched uranium means uranium having an assay of 20 percent or greater of the uranium-235 isotope.

(3)

Low-enriched uranium

The term low-enriched uranium means uranium having an assay greater than 0.711 percent but less than 20 percent of the uranium-235 isotope.

(4)

Metric ton of uranium

The term metric ton of uranium means 1,000 kilograms of uranium.

(5)

Natural uranium

The term natural uranium means uranium having an assay of 0.711 percent of the uranium-235 isotope.

(6)

Off-spec uranium

The term off-spec uranium means uranium in any form, including depleted uranium, highly enriched uranium, low-enriched uranium, natural uranium, UF6, and any byproduct of uranium processing, that does not meet the specification for commercial material (as defined by the standards of the American Society for Testing and Materials).

(7)

Uranium

Other than in subsection (c), the term uranium includes natural uranium, uranium hexafluoride, highly enriched uranium, low-enriched uranium, depleted uranium, and any byproduct of uranium processing.

(8)

Uranium hexafluoride; UF6

The terms uranium hexafluoride and UF6 mean uranium that has been combined with fluorine, to form a compound that, dependent on temperature and pressure, can be a solid, liquid, or gas.

(b)

Transfers and sales by the Secretary

The Secretary shall not provide enrichment services, or transfer, sell or otherwise provide any uranium to any person except in accordance with this section.

(c)

Development of Federal excess uranium management plan

(1)

In general

Beginning on January 1, 2017, and not less frequently than once every 10 years thereafter, the Secretary shall issue a long-term Federal excess uranium inventory management plan (referred to in this section as the plan) that details the management of the excess uranium inventories of the Department of Energy and covers a period of not fewer than 10 years.

(2)

Content

(A)

In general

The plan shall cover all forms of uranium within the excess uranium inventory of the Department of Energy, including depleted uranium, highly enriched uranium, low-enriched uranium, natural uranium, off-spec uranium, and UF6.

(B)

Reducing impact on domestic industry

The plan shall outline steps the Secretary will take to minimize the impact of transferring, selling, or otherwise providing uranium on the domestic uranium mining, conversion, and enrichment industries, including any actions for which the Secretary would require new authority.

(C)

Maximizing benefits to the Federal Government

The plan shall outline steps the Secretary shall take to ensure that the Federal Government maximizes the potential value of uranium for the Federal Government.

(3)

Proposed plan

Before issuing the final plan, the Secretary shall publish a proposed plan in the Federal Register pursuant to a rulemaking under section 553 of title 5, United States Code.

(4)

Deadlines for submission

The Secretary shall issue—

(A)

a proposed plan for public comment under paragraph (3) not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this paragraph; and

(B)

a final plan not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this paragraph.

;

(3)

in subsection (d) (as redesignated by paragraph (1))—

(A)

in the sixth sentence of paragraph (3), by striking subsections (b)(5), (b)(6) and (b)(7) of this section and inserting paragraphs (5), (6), and (7); and

(B)

in paragraph (8), by striking (b);

(4)

in subsection (e)(1) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)), by striking subsection (c)(2) and inserting paragraph (2);

(5)

in subsection (f) (as redesignated by paragraph (1))—

(A)

by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:

(1)

In general

Notwithstanding the transfers authorized under subsections (e) and (g), the Secretary may transfer, sell, or otherwise provide any uranium from the stockpile of the Department of Energy, subject to the following limitations:

(A)

Effective for the period of calendar years 2016 through 2023, and notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary shall not transfer, sell, or otherwise provide more than 2100 metric tons of natural uranium equivalent annually in any form, including depleted uranium, highly enriched uranium, low-enriched uranium, natural uranium, off-spec uranium, and UF6.

(B)

Effective beginning on January 1, 2024, and notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary shall not transfer, sell, or otherwise provide more than 2700 metric tons of natural uranium equivalent annually in any form, including depleted uranium, highly enriched uranium, low-enriched uranium, natural uranium, off-spec uranium, and UF6.

;

(B)

in paragraph (2), in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking (2) Except as provided in subsections (b), (c), and (e) and inserting the following:

(2)

Determinations

Except as provided in subsections (d), (e), and (g), and subject to paragraph (3)

; and

(C)

by adding at the end the following:

(3)

Requirements for determinations

(A)

Proposed determination

Before making a determination under paragraph (2)(B), the Secretary shall publish a proposed determination in the Federal Register pursuant to a rulemaking under section 553 of title 5, United States Code.

(B)

Quality of market analysis

Any market analysis that is prepared by the Department of Energy, or that the Department of Energy commissions for the Secretary as part of the determination process under paragraph (2)(B), shall be subject to a peer review process consistent with the guidelines of the Office of Management and Budget published at 67 Fed. Reg. 8452–8460 (February 22, 2002) (or successor guidelines), to ensure and maximize the quality, objectivity, utility, and integrity of information disseminated by Federal agencies.

(C)

Waiver of secretarial determination

Beginning on January 1, 2021, the requirement for a determination by the Secretary under paragraph (2)(B) shall be waived for transferring, selling, or otherwise providing uranium by the Secretary if the uranium has been identified in the updated long-term Federal excess uranium inventory management plan under subsection (c)(1).

; and

(6)

in subsection (g) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)), in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking (d)(2) and inserting (f)(2).