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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress, and was published on Jun 3, 2015.
Antibiotic Development to Advance Patient Treatment Act
This bill amends the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to allow the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to agree with the sponsor of an applicable medication on a process for approving the medication for use in a limited population of patients. Applicable medications are antibacterial or antifungal drugs or biological products for the treatment of a serious infection. The FDA may rely on alternate study endpoints, limited data sets, and additional data, including preclinical evidence, in approving such a medication.
A medication approved for use in a limited population must be labeled accordingly.
The Public Health Service Act is amended to require the Department of Health and Human Services to monitor the use of antibacterial and antifungal medications and monitor antibacterial and antifungal resistance. (An individual infected by a strain of bacteria or fungi that is resistant to a medication cannot be treated with that medication. Resistance can develop naturally with the use of a medication.)
The FDA must identify and publish susceptibility test interpretive criteria for antimicrobial medications. (These criteria are used to characterize the resistance of microbes to antimicrobial medications. "Microbes" or "microorganisms" include bacteria, some fungi, and other organisms.)
Every six months, the FDA must evaluate any new or updated susceptibility test interpretive criteria established by a standard development organization and recognize new criteria or withdraw recognition of criteria, as appropriate.
The FDA may allow marketing of medical devices that use these criteria without premarket approval.