skip to main content

H.R. 2731 (114th): NCAA Act

The text of the bill below is as of Jun 11, 2015 (Introduced).

Source: GPO

I

114th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 2731

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

June 11, 2015

(for himself, Mrs. Beatty, Mr. Rush, Mr. Katko, Mr. Curbelo of Florida, and Mr. Thompson of Pennsylvania) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and the Workforce

A BILL

To amend section 487(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 to provide increased accountability of nonprofit athletic associations and to establish a commission to identify and examine issues of national concern related to the conduct of intercollegiate athletics, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title; Findings

(a)

Short title

This Act may be cited as the National Collegiate Athletics Accountability Act, or the NCAA Act.

(b)

Findings

The Congress finds as follows:

(1)

Nationwide, institutions of higher education receive approximately $150,000,000,000 to $200,000,000,000 in funding under title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1070 et seq.) annually, including approximately $20,000,000,000 to $30,000,000,000 in Federal Pell Grants.

(2)

In fiscal year 2014, institutions of higher education are projected to receive approximately $140,000,000,000 in Federal student aid under title IV of such Act, which accounts for 77 percent of all funding received by these institutions from the Federal Government.

(3)

Funding under title IV of such Act is used to provide grants, loans, and work-study funds from the Federal Government to eligible students enrolled in institution of higher education, including career schools.

(4)

Many institutions of higher education participate in voluntary, nonprofit athletic associations and athletic conferences, with the largest such association having over 1,000 member institutions of higher education with more than 430,000 students participating in athletics, and providing approximately $523,000,000 in revenue sharing to such members.

(5)

Athletic programs at institutions of higher education are some of the largest revenue generators for such institutions nationwide, accounting for approximately $6,100,000,000 in revenue from ticket sales, radio and television receipts, alumni contributions, guarantees, royalties, and association distributions.

(6)

The Committee on Sports Medicine of the American Academy of Pediatrics published a classification of sports based on the likelihood of contact, impact, or injury, and determined that—

(A)

boxing, field hockey, football, ice hockey, lacrosse, martial arts, rodeo, soccer, and wrestling are contact/collision sports; and

(B)

baseball, basketball, bicycling, diving, high jump, pole vault, gymnastics, horseback riding, ice skating, roller skating, cross-country skiing, downhill skiing, water skiing, softball, squash, handball, and volleyball are limited-contact/impact sports.

2.

Program participation agreements

Section 487(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1094(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

(30)

In the case of an institution that has an intercollegiate athletic program, the institution will not be a member of a nonprofit athletic association unless such association—

(A)

requires annual baseline concussion testing of each student athlete on the active roster of each team participating in a contact/collision sport or a limited-contact/impact sport (based on the most recent classification of sports published by the Committee on Sports Medicine of the American Academy of Pediatrics) before such student athlete may participate in any contact drills or activities;

(B)

prior to enforcing any remedy for an alleged infraction or violation of the policies of such association—

(i)

provides institutions and student athletes with the opportunity for a formal administrative hearing, not less than one appeal, and any other due process procedure the Secretary determines by regulation to be necessary; and

(ii)

hold in abeyance any such remedy until all appeals have been exhausted or until the deadline to appeal has passed, whichever is sooner;

(C)

with respect to institutions attended by students receiving athletically related student aid (as defined in section 485(e)), requires any such athletically related student aid provided to student athletes who play a contact/collision sport (based on the most recent classification of sports published by the Committee on Sports Medicine of the American Academy of Pediatrics) to be—

(i)

guaranteed for the duration of the student athlete's attendance at the institution, up to 4 years; and

(ii)

irrevocable for reasons related to athletic skill or injury of the student athlete; and

(D)

does not have in place a policy that prohibits institutions from paying stipends to student athletes.

.

3.

Presidential Commission on Intercollegiate Athletics

(a)

Establishment

There is established a commission to be known as the Presidential Commission on Intercollegiate Athletics.

(b)

Duties

(1)

Review

The Commission shall review and analyze the following issues related to intercollegiate athletics:

(A)

The interaction of athletics and academics, including—

(i)

the extent to which existing athletic practices allow student athletes to succeed as both students and athletes;

(ii)

how athletics affect the academic mission, academic integrity, and credit worthiness of institutions of higher education;

(iii)

graduation rates of student athletes; and

(iv)

standards of academic eligibility for participation in and terms of scholarships for student athletes.

(B)

The financing of intercollegiate athletics, including—

(i)

sources of revenue, including student fees, media contracts, and licensing agreements;

(ii)

expenditures of revenue, including compliance with title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, coaching salaries, and facilities development;

(iii)

the ability of institutions of higher education to finance intercollegiate athletics;

(iv)

the financial transparency of intercollegiate athletics;

(v)

the criteria for receipt of financial disbursements or rewards from athletic membership associations;

(vi)

rules related to earnings and benefits by student athletes, including the possibility of commercial compensation for the use of the names, images, and likenesses of student athletes and whether a student athlete may retain a personal representative to negotiate on behalf of the student athlete;

(vii)

tax regulations related to revenue from intercollegiate athletics; and

(viii)

Federal judicial decisions that affect compensation for student athletes or the right of student athletes to organize as a collective bargaining unit.

(C)

Recruitment and retention of student athletes, including rules related to—

(i)

professional sports participation;

(ii)

transfer of student athletes to other institutions; and

(iii)

recruitment and representations made to potential student athletes.

(D)

Oversight and governance practices.

(E)

Health and safety protections for student athletes.

(F)

Due process and equal enforcement related to rules and regulations for student athletes.

(G)

Any other issues the Commission considers relevant to understanding the state of intercollegiate athletics.

(2)

Recommendations

The Commission shall develop recommendations regarding the issues identified in paragraph (1) based on the review and analysis of the issues under such paragraph.

(c)

Membership

(1)

In general

The Commission shall be composed of 17 members appointed as follows:

(A)

Five members appointed by the President, in consultation with the Secretary of Education and the Attorney General.

(B)

Three members appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, including—

(i)

one Member of the House of Representatives; and

(ii)

two individuals who are not Members of Congress.

(C)

Three members appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives, including—

(i)

one Member of the House of Representatives; and

(ii)

two individuals who are not Members of Congress.

(D)

Three members appointed by the majority leader of the Senate, including—

(i)

one Member of the Senate; and

(ii)

two individuals who are not Members of Congress.

(E)

Three members appointed by the minority leader of the Senate, including—

(i)

one Member of the Senate; and

(ii)

two individuals who are not Members of Congress.

(2)

Qualifications

Appointments shall be made from individuals who are specially qualified to serve on the Commission by virtue of their education, training, or experience.

(3)

Vacancy

Any vacancy on the Commission shall not affect the powers of the Commission, but shall be filled in the manner in which the original appointment was made.

(4)

Chair

The Chair of the Commission shall be elected by the members.

(5)

Reimbursement; service without pay

Members of the Commission shall serve without pay, except members of the Commission shall be entitled to reimbursement for travel, subsistence, and other necessary expenses incurred by them in carrying out the functions of the Commission, in the same manner as persons employed intermittently by the Federal Government are allowed expenses under section 5703 of title 5, United States Code.

(d)

Staff

The Commission may appoint and fix the compensation of a staff director and such other personnel as may be necessary to enable the Commission to carry out its functions, without regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive service, and without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of such title relating to classification and General Schedule pay rates, except that no rate of pay fixed under this paragraph may exceed the equivalent of that payable for a position at level V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of title 5, United States Code.

(e)

Meetings

(1)

In general

The Commission shall meet at the call of the Chair or of a majority of its members.

(2)

First meeting

The first such meeting shall occur not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

(f)

Powers

(1)

In general

The Commission may, for the purpose of carrying out this section, hold hearings, sit and act at times and places, take testimony, and receive evidence as the Commission considers appropriate.

(2)

Delegation

Any member or agent of the Commission may, if authorized by the Commission, take any action which the Commission is authorized to take by this subsection.

(3)

Access to information

The Commission may secure directly from any department or agency of the United States information necessary to enable it to carry out this section. Upon request of the Commission, the head of such department or agency shall furnish such information to the Commission.

(4)

Use of mails

The Commission may use the United States mails in the same manner and under the same conditions as other departments and agencies of the United States.

(5)

Administrative support

The Administrator of General Services shall provide to the Commission on a reimbursable basis such administrative support services as the Commission may request that are necessary for the Commission to carry out its responsibilities under this section.

(g)

Report

Not later than the date that is 1 year after the date of the first meeting of the Commission, the Commission shall submit to the President and the Congress a written report of its findings and recommendations based on the review and analysis required by subsection (b).

(h)

Termination

The Commission shall terminate on the date that is 30 days after the date on which the Commission submits the report required by subsection (g).

(i)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

Commission

The term Commission means the Presidential Commission on Intercollegiate Athletics established by subsection (a).

(2)

Institution of higher education

The term institution of higher education means any institution that—

(A)

meets the definition in section 102(a)(1) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002(a)(1)); and

(B)

has student athletes who are eligible for Federal student loans.