H. R. 3680
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
May 12, 2016
Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
To provide for the Secretary of Health and Human Services to carry out a grant program for co-prescribing opioid overdose reversal drugs.
This Act may be cited as the
Co-Prescribing to Reduce Overdoses Act of 2016.
Opioid overdose reversal drugs prescribing grant program
Not later than 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Health and Human Services may establish, in accordance with this section, a 5-year opioid overdose reversal drugs prescribing grant program (in this Act referred to as the
Maximum grant amount
A grant made under this section may not be for more than $200,000 per grant year.
For purposes of this section, the term eligible entity means a federally qualified health center (as defined in section 1861(aa) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395x(aa)), an opioid treatment program under part 8 of title 42, Code of Federal Regulations, any practitioner dispensing narcotic drugs pursuant to section 303(g) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 823(g)), or any other entity that the Secretary deems appropriate.
For purposes of this section and section 3, the term
prescribing means, with respect to an opioid overdose reversal drug, such as naloxone, the practice of prescribing such drug—
in conjunction with an opioid prescription for patients at an elevated risk of overdose;
in conjunction with an opioid agonist approved under section 505 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 355) for the treatment of opioid abuse disorder;
to the caregiver or a close relative of patients at an elevated risk of overdose from opioids; or
in other circumstances, as identified by the Secretary, in which a provider identifies a patient is at an elevated risk for an intentional or unintentional drug overdose from heroin or prescription opioid therapies.
To be eligible to receive a grant under this section, an eligible entity shall submit to the Secretary of Health and Human Services, in such form and manner as specified by the Secretary, an application that describes—
the extent to which the area to which the entity will furnish services through use of the grant is experiencing significant morbidity and mortality caused by opioid abuse;
the criteria that will be used to identify eligible patients to participate in such program; and
how such program will work to try to identify State, local, or private funding to continue the program after expiration of the grant.
Use of funds
An eligible entity receiving a grant under this section may use the grant for any of the following activities, but may use not more than 20 percent of the grant funds for activities described in paragraphs (4) and (5):
To establish a program for prescribing opioid overdose reversal drugs, such as naloxone.
To train and provide resources for health care providers and pharmacists on the prescribing of opioid overdose reversal drugs, such as naloxone.
To establish mechanisms and processes for tracking patients participating in the program described in paragraph (1) and the health outcomes of such patients.
To purchase opioid overdose reversal drugs, such as naloxone, for distribution under the program described in paragraph (1).
To offset the co-pays and other cost sharing associated with opioid overdose reversal drugs, such as naloxone, to ensure that cost is not a limiting factor for eligible patients.
To conduct community outreach, in conjunction with community-based organizations, designed to raise awareness of prescribing practices, and the availability of opioid overdose reversal drugs, such as naloxone.
To establish protocols to connect patients who have experienced a drug overdose with appropriate treatment, including medication assisted treatment and appropriate counseling and behavioral therapies.
Evaluations by recipients
As a condition of receipt of a grant under this section, an eligible entity shall, for each year for which the grant is received, submit to the Secretary of Health and Human Services information on appropriate outcome measures specified by the Secretary to assess the outcomes of the program funded by the grant, including—
the number of prescribers trained;
the number of prescribers who have co-prescribed an opioid overdose reversal drug, such as naloxone, to at least one patient;
the total number of prescriptions written for opioid overdose reversal drugs, such as naloxone;
the percentage of patients at elevated risk who received a prescription for an opioid overdose reversal drug, such as naloxone;
the number of patients reporting use of an opioid overdose reversal drug, such as naloxone; and
any other outcome measures that the Secretary deems appropriate.
Reports by Secretary
For each year of the grant program under this section, the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall submit to the appropriate committees of the House of Representatives and of the Senate a report aggregating the information received from the grant recipients for such year under subsection (d) and evaluating the outcomes achieved by the programs funded by grants made under this section.
Providing information to prescribers in certain Federal health care and medical facilities on best practices for prescribing opioid overdose reversal drugs
Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Health and Human Services (in this section referred to as the
Secretary) may, as appropriate, provide information to prescribers within federally qualified health centers (as defined in paragraph (4) of section 1861(aa) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395x(aa))), and the health care facilities of the Indian Health Service, on best practices for prescribing opioid overdose reversal drugs, such as naloxone, for patients receiving chronic opioid therapy, patients being treated for opioid use disorders, and other patients that a provider identifies as having an elevated risk of overdose from heroin or prescription opioid therapies.
Not establishing a medical standard of care
The information on best practices provided under this section shall not be construed as constituting or establishing a medical standard of care for prescribing opioid overdose reversal drugs, such as naloxone, for patients described in subsection (a).
Elevated risk of overdose defined
In this section, the term elevated risk of overdose has the meaning given such term by the Secretary, which—
may be based on the criteria provided in the Opioid Overdose Toolkit published by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA); and
may include patients on a first course opioid treatment, patients using extended-release and long-acting opioid analgesics, and patients with a respiratory disease or other co-morbidities.
Authorization of appropriations
There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this Act $5,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2017 through 2021.
Subsection (f) of section 319D of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 247d–4) is amended by inserting before the period at the end the following:
(except such dollar amount shall be reduced by $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2018).
Passed the House of Representatives May 11, 2016.
Karen L. Haas,