H. R. 3952
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
November 5, 2015
Mr. Bilirakis (for himself, Mr. Schiff, and Ms. Norton) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce
To amend the Public Health Service Act to coordinate Federal congenital heart disease research efforts and to improve public education and awareness of congenital heart disease, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Congenital Heart Futures Reauthorization Act of 2015.
National congenital heart disease surveillance system
Section 399V–2 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 280g–13) is amended to read as follows:
National congenital heart disease research, surveillance, and awareness
The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shall—
enhance and expand research and surveillance infrastructure to study and track the epidemiology of congenital heart disease (in this section referred to as
plan and implement a public outreach and education campaign regarding CHD across the lifespan; and
award grants to eligible entities to undertake the activities described in subsections (b) and (c).
National congenital heart disease cohort study
The Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shall plan, develop, implement, and submit one or more reports to the Congress on a cohort study to improve understanding of the epidemiology of CHD across the lifespan, from birth to adulthood, with particular interest in the following:
Health care utilization and natural history of those affected by CHD.
Demographic factors associated with CHD, such as age, race, ethnicity, gender, and family history of individuals who are diagnosed with the disease.
Outcome measures, such that analysis of the outcome measures will allow derivation of evidence-based best practices and guidelines for CHD patients.
The study under this subsection may—
gather data on the health outcomes of a diverse population of those affected by CHD;
consider health disparities among those affected by CHD which may include the consideration of prenatal exposures; and
incorporate behavioral, emotional, and educational outcomes of those affected by CHD.
Subject to paragraph (4), the data generated from the study under this subsection shall be made available to the public, including CHD researchers.
The Secretary shall ensure that the study under this subsection is carried out in a manner that complies with the requirements applicable to a covered entity under the regulations promulgated pursuant to section 264(c) of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996.
Congenital heart disease awareness campaign
The Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shall establish and implement an awareness, outreach, and education campaign regarding CHD across the lifespan. The information expressed through such campaign shall—
emphasize that CHD is the most prevalent birth defect;
identify CHD as a condition that affects those diagnosed throughout their lives; and
promote the need for pediatric, adolescent, and adult individuals with CHD to seek and maintain lifelong, specialized care.
The campaign under this subsection may—
utilize collaborations or partnerships with other agencies, health care professionals, and patient advocacy organizations that specialize in the needs of individuals with CHD; and
include the use of print, film, and electronic materials distributed via television, radio, Internet, and other commercial marketing venues.
Eligibility for grants
To be eligible to receive a grant under subsection (a)(3), an entity shall—
be a public or private nonprofit entity with specialized experience in CHD; and
submit to the Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require.
Authorization of appropriations
To carry out this section, there is authorized to be appropriated $4,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
Congenital heart disease research
Section 425 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 285b–8) is amended to read as follows:
Congenital heart disease
The Director of the Institute may expand, intensify, and coordinate research and related activities of the Institute with respect to congenital heart disease, which may include congenital heart disease research with respect to—
causation of congenital heart disease, including genetic causes;
long-term outcomes in individuals with congenital heart disease, including infants, children, teenagers, adults, and elderly individuals;
diagnosis, treatment, and prevention;
studies using longitudinal data and retrospective analysis to identify effective treatments and outcomes for individuals with congenital heart disease; and
identifying barriers to lifelong care for individuals with congenital heart disease.
Coordination of research activities
The Director of the Institute may coordinate research efforts related to congenital heart disease among multiple research institutions and may develop research networks.
Minority and medically underserved communities
In carrying out the activities described in this section, the Director of the Institute shall consider the application of such research and other activities to minority and medically underserved communities.
Report from NIH
Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of the Congenital Heart Futures Reauthorization Act of 2015, the Director of NIH, acting through the Director of the Institute, shall provide a report to Congress—
outlining the ongoing research efforts of the National Institutes of Health regarding congenital heart disease; and
future plans for research regarding congenital heart disease; and
the areas of greatest need for such research.