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H.R. 3965 (114th): FAA Community Accountability Act of 2015

The text of the bill below is as of Nov 5, 2015 (Introduced).

Source: GPO

I

114th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 3965

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

November 5, 2015

(for himself, Mrs. Kirkpatrick, Mr. Schweikert, Ms. Eshoo, Ms. Norton, Mr. Grayson, Mr. Quigley, Ms. Clark of Massachusetts, Mr. Lynch, Mr. Crowley, Mr. Israel, Mr. Meeks, Ms. Meng, Miss Rice of New York, and Mr. Beyer) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure

A BILL

To direct the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration to improve the process for establishing and revising flight paths and procedures, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the FAA Community Accountability Act of 2015.

2.

Flight paths and procedures

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in considering new or revised flight paths or procedures as part of the implementation of the Next Generation Air Transportation System, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration—

(1)

shall take actions to limit negative impacts on the human environment in the vicinity of an affected airport; and

(2)

may give preference to overlays of existing flight paths or procedures to ensure compatibility with land use in the vicinity of an affected airport.

3.

FAA community ombudsman

(a)

Establishment

Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall appoint an FAA Community Ombudsman for each region of the Federal Aviation Administration.

(b)

Duties

The Ombudsmen appointed in accordance with subsection (a) shall—

(1)

act as a liaison between affected communities and the Administrator with respect to problems related to the impact of commercial aviation on the human environment, including concerns regarding aircraft noise, pollution, and safety;

(2)

monitor the impact of the implementation of the Next Generation Air Transportation System on communities in the vicinity of affected airports;

(3)

make recommendations to the Administrator—

(A)

to address concerns raised by communities; and

(B)

to improve the use of community comments in Administration decisionmaking processes; and

(4)

report to Congress periodically on issues related to the impact of commercial aviation on the human environment and on Administration responsiveness to concerns raised by affected communities.

4.

Community engagement

(a)

In general

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in implementing the Next Generation Air Transportation System, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration may not treat the establishment or revision of a flight path or procedure as covered by a categorical exclusion (as defined in section 1508.4 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations) if an FAA Community Ombudsman or the operator of an airport affected by such establishment or revision submits written notification to the Administrator that—

(1)

extraordinary circumstances exist; or

(2)

the establishment or revision will have a significant adverse impact on the human environment in the vicinity of such airport.

(b)

Notifications

At least 30 days before treating the establishment or revision of a flight path or procedure as covered by a categorical exclusion, the Administrator shall provide notice and an opportunity for comment to persons affected by such establishment or revision, including the operator of any affected airport.

5.

Reconsideration of certain flight paths and procedures

(a)

In general

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall reconsider a flight path or procedure established or revised after February 14, 2012, as part of the implementation of the Next Generation Air Transportation System if an FAA Community Ombudsman or the operator of an airport affected by such establishment or revision submits written notification to the Administrator that the establishment or revision is resulting in a significant adverse impact on the human environment in the vicinity of such airport.

(b)

Process

In reconsidering a flight path or procedure under subsection (a), the Administrator shall—

(1)

provide notice of the reconsideration and an opportunity for public comment;

(2)

assess the impacts on the human environment of such flight path or procedure; and

(3)

not later than 180 days after the date on which the relevant notification was received, submit to Congress and make available to the public a report that—

(A)

addresses comments received pursuant to paragraph (1);

(B)

describes the results of the assessment carried out under paragraph (2); and

(C)

describes any changes to be made to such flight path or procedure or the justification for not making any change.