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H.R. 4441 (114th): Aviation Innovation, Reform, and Reauthorization Act of 2016

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About the bill

Aviation reform bill would privatize air traffic control

A new bill, which may be Congress’s biggest reform to the aviation and airline industry since 1978, would privatize much of the industry including air traffic control.

H.R. 4441 -- the Aviation Innovation, Reform, and Reauthorization Act -- was introduced last month by Rep. Bill Shuster (R-PA9), chair of the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee. The bill’s most controversial provision would remove the approximately 30,000 air traffic controllers from Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) control to a private not-for-profit organization.

What supporters say

Proponents contend that the move would save taxpayer money and remove an often-ineffective and cumbersome federal bureaucracy. They also note that similar plans have worked fairly well elsewhere, such as one from our neighbor to the north called ...

Sponsor and status

Bill Shuster

Sponsor. Representative for Pennsylvania's 9th congressional district. Republican.

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Last Updated: Feb 3, 2016
Length: 273 pages
Feb 3, 2016
114th Congress (2015–2017)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on February 11, 2016, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.


Position statements

What legislators are saying

Shuster Introduces Conservative Aviation Measure that will Remove Over 30,000 Employees out of Federal Government Control
    — Rep. Bill Shuster [R-PA9, 2001-2018] (Sponsor) on Feb 3, 2016

Congresswoman Eddie Bernice Johnson Votes Against Bill to Privatize the Air Traffic Control System
    — Rep. Eddie Johnson [D-TX30] on Feb 12, 2016

Congressman Garamendi Says No to Privatizing American Air Traffic Control Operations
    — Rep. John Garamendi [D-CA3] on Feb 12, 2016

More statements at ProPublica Represent...


Feb 3, 2016

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

Feb 11, 2016
Ordered Reported

A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered further. Only about 1 in 4 bills are reported out of committee.

H.R. 4441 (114th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 4441. This is the one from the 114th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 114th Congress, which met from Jan 6, 2015 to Jan 3, 2017. Legislation not enacted by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 4441 — 114th Congress: Aviation Innovation, Reform, and Reauthorization Act of 2016.” 2016. August 14, 2020 <>

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