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H.R. 4528 (114th): ENCRYPT Act of 2016

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About the bill

ENCRYPT Act would prevent states from banning digital encryption

Encryption -- a process of encoding digital messages so third parties cannot access or read it -- has become one of the biggest topics in the news over the past few years. This month, Apple is refusing a court order to bypass encryption on the San Bernardino shooter’s iPhone. More people are using encryption tools in their digital communications, more tech companies are adopting it as a standard, and more journalists are utilizing it for their reporting.

New York and California have introduced bills to ban sales of encrypted smartphones. Although neither bill has passed -- and indeed, both might fail -- a federal bill would nationalize the issue and prevent states from passing such legislation in the first place. In …

Sponsor and status

Ted Lieu

Sponsor. Representative for California's 33rd congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Feb 10, 2016
Length: 3 pages
Feb 10, 2016
114th Congress (2015–2017)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on February 10, 2016, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).


7 Cosponsors (5 Democrats, 2 Republicans)



Feb 10, 2016

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

H.R. 4528 (114th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 4528. This is the one from the 114th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 114th Congress, which met from Jan 6, 2015 to Jan 3, 2017. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

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“H.R. 4528 — 114th Congress: ENCRYPT Act of 2016.” 2016. May 24, 2022 <>

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