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H.R. 4654 (114th): Keeping Communities Safe through Treatment Act of 2016

The text of the bill below is as of Mar 1, 2016 (Introduced).


I

114th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 4654

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

March 1, 2016

(for himself and Mr. Hanna) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

A BILL

To direct the Attorney General to carry out a pilot program to provide grants to eligible entities for diversion programs to divert individuals with low-level drug offenses to drug treatment programs, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Keeping Communities Safe through Treatment Act of 2016.

2.

Pilot program

(a)

Establishment

(1)

In general

Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall establish a pilot program to provide grants to eligible entities for diversion programs to divert individuals with low-level drug offenses to drug treatment programs.

(2)

Duration of pilot program

The pilot program shall terminate 5 years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

(3)

Grants awarded under pilot program

The Attorney General shall award grants under the pilot program to not fewer than 10 eligible entities.

(b)

Limitation on use of funds

Grant funds awarded under the pilot program may not be used to divert an individual with a low-level drug offense to a drug treatment program if criminal charges have been filed and are pending against such individual.

(c)

Application

(1)

In general

To be selected to receive a grant under the pilot program, an eligible entity shall submit to the Attorney General an application at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Attorney General may require.

(2)

Other requirements

Each application for a grant under the pilot program shall include a description of how the eligible entity—

(A)

coordinates with drug treatment programs that provide medication-assisted treatment;

(B)

plans to coordinate with local prosecutors;

(C)

plans to divert individuals with low-level drug offenses to such programs;

(D)

plans to monitor and record the progress of such individuals in such programs;

(E)

plans to assess such individuals to ensure that they have an appropriate drug treatment plan;

(F)

plans to monitor and record the drug use of such individuals; and

(G)

will provide case management for such individuals.

(d)

Reports

(1)

Quarterly reports

Each quarter during the duration of the pilot program, an eligible entity that receives a grant under the pilot program shall submit a report to the Attorney General that includes—

(A)

the number of individuals diverted to drug treatment programs by the diversion program for which the grant funds are used;

(B)

any subsequent arrest records of such individuals, when such records are publicly available;

(C)

any subsequent criminal charges filed against such individuals;

(D)

the random drug test results for such individuals; and

(E)

the cost of such programs.

(2)

Annual reports

Not less than once each year during the duration of the pilot program, the Attorney General shall submit a report to Congress that includes—

(A)

the number of grants awarded under the pilot program;

(B)

the number of individuals diverted to drug treatment programs by the diversion program for which the grant funds are used;

(C)

any subsequent arrest records of such individuals, when such records are publicly available;

(D)

any subsequent criminal charges filed against such individuals;

(E)

the random drug test results for such individuals; and

(F)

the amount of funds used to provide grants under the pilot program.

(e)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

Eligible entity

The term eligible entity means a law enforcement agency with jurisdiction over a high intensity drug trafficking area, as designated pursuant to section 707(b) of the Office of National Drug Control Policy Reauthorization Act of 1998 (21 U.S.C. 1706(b)).

(2)

Low-level drug offense

The term low-level drug offense does not include a serious violent felony.

(3)

Medication-assisted treatment

The term medication-assisted treatment means treatment of substance use disorders through the use of a drug (or a combination of drugs) approved or licensed under section 505 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 355) or section 351 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 262), in combination with evidence-based behavioral therapies.

(4)

Serious violent felony

The term serious violent felony has the meaning given such term in section 3559(c)(2) of title 18, United States Code.

(f)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated such funds as may be necessary to carry out the pilot program, to be derived from the funds made available to the Office of Justice Programs.