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H.R. 5571 (114th): Sexual Assault Survivors’ Rights Act

The text of the bill below is as of Jun 22, 2016 (Introduced).

Source: GPO

I

114th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 5571

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

June 22, 2016

(for herself and Mr. Smith of Texas) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and in addition to the Committee on Energy and Commerce, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

A BILL

To amend title 18, United States Code, to provide sexual assault survivors with certain rights, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Sexual Assault Survivors’ Rights Act.

2.

Finding

Congress finds that there is a substantial Federal interest in encouraging more sexual assault survivors to come forward and cooperate with law enforcement investigations and prosecutions.

3.

Sexual assault survivors’ rights

(a)

In general

Title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding after chapter 237 the following:

238

Sexual assault survivors’ rights

Sec.

3772. Sexual assault survivors' rights.

3772.

Sexual assault survivors' rights

(a)

Rights of sexual assault survivors

In addition to those rights provided in section 3771, a sexual assault survivor has the following rights:

(1)

The right not to be prevented from, or charged for, receiving a medical forensic examination.

(2)

The right to—

(A)

subject to paragraph (3), have a sexual assault evidence collection kit or its probative contents preserved, without charge, for the duration of the maximum applicable statute of limitations;

(B)

be informed of any result of a sexual assault evidence collection kit, including a DNA profile match, toxicology report, or other information collected as part of a medical forensic examination, if such disclosure would not impede or compromise an ongoing investigation; and

(C)

be informed in writing of policies governing the collection and preservation of a sexual assault evidence collection kit.

(3)

The right to—

(A)

upon written request, receive written notification from the prosecutor not later than 60 days before the date of the intended destruction or disposal of the evidence collection kit or its probative contents; and

(B)

upon written request, be granted further preservation of the kit or its probative contents.

(4)

The right to be informed of the rights under this subsection.

(b)

Applicability

Subsections (b) through (f) of section 3771 shall apply to sexual assault survivors.

(c)

Definition of sexual assault survivor

For purposes of this section, the term sexual assault survivor includes a legal representative of a deceased victim of sexual assault acting on behalf of the victim.

.

(b)

Technical and conforming amendment

The table of chapters for part II of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

238.Sexual assault survivors' rights3772

.

4.

Services to survivors

Section 503(c)(1) of the Victims Rights and Restitution Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 10607(c)(1)) is amended—

(1)

in subparagraph (A), by inserting , including sexual assault service providers before the semicolon at the end;

(2)

in subparagraph (C), by inserting , including sexual assault counseling before the semicolon at the end; and

(3)

in subparagraph (D), by inserting , including national and local sexual assault hotlines before the period at the end.

5.

Sexual assault survivors notification grants

The Victims of Crime Act of 1984 is amended by adding after section 1404E (42 U.S.C. 10603e) the following:

1404F.

Sexual assault survivors notification grants

(a)

In general

The Attorney General may make grants as provided in section 1404(c)(1)(A) to States to develop and disseminate to entities described in subsection (c)(1) written notice of applicable rights and policies for sexual assault survivors.

(b)

Notification of rights

Each recipient of a grant awarded under subsection (a) shall make its best effort to ensure that each entity described in subsection (c)(1) provides individuals who identify as a survivor of a sexual assault, and who consent to receiving such information, with written notice of applicable rights and policies regarding—

(1)

the right not to be charged fees for or otherwise prevented from pursuing a sexual assault evidence collection kit;

(2)

the right to have a sexual assault medical forensic examination regardless of whether the survivor reports to or cooperates with law enforcement;

(3)

the availability of a sexual assault advocate;

(4)

the availability of protective orders and policies related to their enforcement;

(5)

policies regarding the storage, preservation, and disposal of sexual assault evidence collection kits;

(6)

the process, if any, to request preservation of sexual assault evidence collection kits or the probative evidence from such kits; and

(7)

the availability of victim compensation and restitution.

(c)

Dissemination of written notice

Each recipient of a grant awarded under subsection (a) shall—

(1)

provide the written notice described in subsection (b) to medical centers, hospitals, forensic examiners, sexual assault service providers, State and local law enforcement agencies, and any other State agency or department reasonably likely to serve sexual assault survivors; and

(2)

make the written notice described in subsection (b) publicly available on the Internet website of the attorney general of the State.

(d)

Provision To promote compliance

The Attorney General may provide such technical assistance and guidance as necessary to help recipients meet the requirements of this section.

(e)

Integration of systems

Any system developed and implemented under this section may be integrated with an existing case management system operated by the recipient of the grant if the system meets the requirements listed in this section.

(f)

Definition of sexual assault survivor

For purposes of this section, the term sexual assault survivor includes a legal representative of a deceased victim of sexual assault acting on behalf of the victim.

.

6.

Working group

(a)

In general

The Attorney General and the Secretary of Health and Human Services (referred to in this section as the Secretary) shall establish a joint working group (referred to in this section as the Working Group) to develop, coordinate, and disseminate best practices regarding the care and treatment of sexual assault survivors and the preservation of forensic evidence.

(b)

Consultation with stakeholders

The Working Group shall consult with—

(1)

stakeholders in law enforcement, prosecution, forensic laboratory, counseling, forensic examiner, medical facility, and medical provider communities; and

(2)

representatives from not less than 3 national organizations and State coalitions with demonstrated expertise in sexual assault prevention, sexual assault advocacy, or representation of sexual assault victims, particularly representatives of underserved or ethnic minority communities.

(c)

Membership

The Working Group shall be composed of the following members:

(1)

The Administrator of the Health Resources and Services Administration.

(2)

The Administrator of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.

(3)

The Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

(4)

The Director of the Indian Health Service.

(5)

The Director of the Office for Victims of Crime.

(6)

The Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Justice Programs.

(7)

The Director of the Office on Violence Against Women.

(8)

Other governmental or nongovernmental agency heads at the discretion of the Attorney General or the Secretary.

(d)

Duties

The Working Group shall—

(1)

improve the coordination of the dissemination and implementation of best practices and protocols regarding the care and treatment of sexual assault survivors and the preservation of evidence to hospital administrators, physicians, forensic examiners, and other medical associations and leaders in the medical community;

(2)

develop and implement, where appropriate, clinical guidelines and other incentives to encourage the adoption and implementation of best practices and protocols regarding the care and treatment of sexual assault survivors and the preservation of evidence among hospital administrators, physicians, forensic examiners, and other medical associations and leaders in the medical community;

(3)

improve the coordination of the dissemination and implementation of best practices regarding the care and treatment of sexual assault survivors and the preservation of evidence to State attorneys general, United States attorneys, heads of State law enforcement agencies, forensic laboratory directors and managers, and other leaders in the law enforcement community;

(4)

develop and implement, where appropriate, incentives to encourage the adoption or implementation of best practices regarding the care and treatment of sexual assault survivors and the preservation of evidence among State attorneys general, United States attorneys, heads of State law enforcement agencies, forensic laboratory directors and managers, and other leaders in the law enforcement community;

(5)

collect feedback from stakeholders, practitioners, and leadership throughout the Federal and State law enforcement, victim services, forensic science practitioner, and health care communities to inform development of future best practices or clinical guidelines regarding the care and treatment of sexual assault survivors; and

(6)

perform other activities, such as activities relating to development, dissemination, outreach, engagement, or training associated with advancing victim-centered care for sexual assault survivors.

(e)

Initial operating plan

Not later than 120 days after its first meeting, the Working Group shall submit to the Attorney General, the Secretary, and Congress an operating plan for carrying out the activities of the Working Group.

(f)

Meetings

The Working Group shall—

(1)

hold its first meeting not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act; and

(2)

meet not fewer than 2 times and not more than 5 times each year.

(g)

Report

Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Working Group shall submit to the Attorney General, the Secretary, and Congress a report containing the findings and recommended actions of the Working Group.

(h)

Sexual assault survivor defined

In this section, the term sexual assault survivor includes a legal representative of a deceased victim of sexual assault acting on behalf of the victim.