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H.R. 6025 (114th): American Innovation $1 Coin Act

The text of the bill below is as of Sep 14, 2016 (Introduced).


I

114th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 6025

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

September 14, 2016

(for himself, Mr. Dold, Ms. Moore, Mr. Buchanan, Mr. Foster, and Mr. Emmer of Minnesota) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Financial Services

A BILL

To require the Secretary of the Treasury to mint coins in recognition of American innovation and significant innovation and pioneering efforts of individuals or groups from each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the United States territories, to promote the importance of innovation in the United States, the District of Columbia, and the United States territories, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the American Innovation $1 Coin Act.

2.

American innovation $1 coin program

Section 5112 of title 31, United States Code, is amended by inserting after subsection (v) the following new subsection:

(w)

Redesign and issuance of $1 coins honoring innovation, innovators, and pioneers from each State, the District of Columbia, and each territory

(1)

Redesign beginning in 2017

(A)

In general

Notwithstanding subsection (d)(1) and subsection (d)(2) and in accordance with the provisions of this subsection, during the 14-year period beginning on January 1, 2017 (or such later date as provided under subparagraph (B)(ii)), the Secretary of the Treasury shall mint and issue $1 coins to be known as American Innovation $1 coins, that—

(i)

have designs on the obverse selected in accordance with paragraph (2)(A); and

(ii)

have a design on the reverse selected in accordance with paragraph (2)(B).

(B)

Continuity provisions

(i)

In general

Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall continue to mint and issue $1 coins honoring Native Americans and their contributions in accordance with subsection (r).

(ii)

First year

Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), if the Secretary finds that it is not feasible and cost-effective to mint and issue American Innovation $1 coins beginning in 2017, the Secretary may mint and issue $1 coins bearing the designs of such Presidential $1 coins issued pursuant to subsection (n) that the Secretary determines to be appropriate. If any such Presidential $1 coin design bore the inscription In God We Trust incused on the edge, the Secretary shall modify the design to place that inscription on the coin’s obverse only, and such modification may be done without review by the Citizens Coinage Advisory Committee nor consultation with the Commission of Fine Arts.

(C)

Definition of territory

For purposes of this subsection, the term territory means the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the United States Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

(2)

Design requirements

Notwithstanding subsection (d)(1) and subsection (d)(2), the $1 coins issued in accordance with paragraph (1)(A) shall meet the following design requirements:

(A)

Coin obverse

The design on the obverse of each coin issued under this subsection shall contain—

(i)

a design symbolic of Liberty; and

(ii)

the inscription In God We Trust.

(B)

Coin reverse

The design on the reverse of each coin issued under this subsection shall bear the following:

(i)

An image or images emblematic of one of the following from one of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, or the territories of the United States:

(I)

A significant innovation.

(II)

An innovator or pioneer.

(III)

A group of innovators or pioneers.

(ii)

The name of the State, the District of Columbia, or territory, as applicable.

(iii)

The inscriptions $1 and United States of America.

(C)

Edge-incused inscriptions

(i)

In general

The inscription of the year of minting or issuance of the coin and the inscription E Pluribus Unum shall be edge-incused into the coin.

(ii)

Preservation of distinctive edge

The edge-incusing of the inscriptions under clause (i) on coins issued under this subsection shall be done in a manner that preserves the distinctive edge of the coin so that the denomination of the coin is readily discernible, including by individuals who are blind or visually impaired.

(3)

Issuance of coins commemorating innovation, innovators, and pioneers

(A)

Order of issuance

The coins issued under this subsection commemorating either an innovation, an individual innovator or pioneer, or a group of innovators or pioneers, from each State, the District of Columbia, or a territory shall be issued in alphabetic order of the State, the District, or territory represented, starting with Alabama.

(B)

Issuance of coins commemorating four innovations, innovators, and pioneers during each of 14 years

(i)

In general

Four $1 coin designs as described in this subsection shall be issued during each year of the period referred to in paragraph (1) until one coin featuring one innovation, an individual innovator or pioneer, or a group of innovators or pioneers, from each of the States, the District of Columbia, and territories has been issued.

(ii)

Number of coin designs in each year

The Secretary shall prescribe, on the basis of such factors as the Secretary determines to be appropriate, the number of $1 coins that shall be issued with each of the designs selected for each year of the period referred to in paragraph (1).

(iii)

Application in event of the admission of additional States

Notwithstanding clause (i), if any additional State or territory is admitted into the Union before the end of the 14-year period referred to in paragraph (1), the Secretary of the Treasury may issue $1 coins, in accordance with this subsection during any one year of such 14-year period, in addition to the four $1 coins issued during such year in accordance with clause (i).

(iv)

Application in the event of independence

Notwithstanding paragraph (3)(B)(i), if any State or territory becomes independent or otherwise ceases to be a State or territory of the United States before $1 coins are minted pursuant to this subsection, the subsection shall cease to apply with respect to such State or territory.

(4)

Selection of concept and design

(A)

Concept

With respect to each State, the District of Columbia, and territory to be honored with a coin under this subsection, the selection of the significant innovation, innovator or pioneer, or group of innovators or pioneers to be borne on the reverse of such coin shall be made by the Secretary of the Treasury, after consultation with the Governor or other chief executive of the State, the District of Columbia, or territory with respect to which a coin is to be issued under this subsection.

(B)

Design

Each of the designs required under this subsection shall be selected by the Secretary after—

(i)

consultation with—

(I)

the Governor or other chief executive of the State, the District of Columbia, or territory with respect to which a coin is to be issued under this subsection; and

(II)

the Commission of Fine Arts; and

(ii)

review by the Citizens Coinage Advisory Committee.

(C)

Selection and approval process

Designs for $1 coins under this subsection may be submitted in accordance with the design selection and approval process developed by the Secretary in the sole discretion of the Secretary.

(D)

Standards

Because it is important that the Nation’s coinage and currency bear dignified designs of which the citizens of the United States can be proud, the Secretary shall not select any frivolous or inappropriate design for any $1 coin minted under this subsection.

(E)

Prohibition on certain representations

No head and shoulders portrait or bust of any person, living or dead, and no portrait of a living person may be included in the design of any coin issued under this subsection.

(5)

Treatment as numismatic items

For purposes of sections 5134 and 5136, all $1 coins minted under this subsection shall be considered to be numismatic items.

(6)

Issuance of numismatic coins

The Secretary may mint and issue such number of $1 coins of each design selected under this subsection in uncirculated and proof qualities as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.

(7)

Termination of program

The issuance of coins under this subsection shall terminate when one innovation, an individual innovator or pioneer, or a group of innovators or pioneers, from each State, the District of Columbia, and territory has been honored and may not be resumed except by an Act of Congress.

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