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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress, and was published on Apr 30, 2015.
Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Reauthorization Act of 2015
Amends the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 to:
authorize appropriations for such Act for FY2016-FY2020; include as one of the purposes of such Act the support of a trauma-informed continuum of programs to address the needs of at-risk youth and youth who come into contact with the justice system; require states to implement plans to ensure fairness and reduce racial and ethnic disparities in the detention of juveniles; enhance requirements for separating juveniles from sight or sound contact with adult lock-ups; terminate, three years after the enactment of this Act, the authority of a court to issue an order detaining juveniles who have not been charged with adult criminal offenses (status offenders) in secure detention or correctional facilities; include the Administrator of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration on the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; require the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) to report annually on policies and procedures to eliminate dangerous practices and unreasonable use of restraints in the detention of juveniles and on criteria for identifying evidence-based and promising programs for delinquency prevention; provide for the allocation of grant funding to states based on the most recent census data; expand requirements for state plans for juvenile justice and delinquency prevention to include community-based alternatives to the detention of juveniles in correctional facilities, enhanced mental health and substance abuse screening, and a description of the use of funds for reentry into the community of juveniles after release; require the OJJDP to establish a uniform method of data collection and technology for evaluating data on juvenile recidivism on an annual basis; and provide training and technical assistance to states and local governments for achieving compliance with the requirements of this Act. Amends the Incentive Grants for Local Delinquency Prevention Programs Act of 2002 to include mentoring programs in delinquency prevention grant programs.
Requires the Government Accountability Office to conduct and report on: (1) a comprehensive analysis and evaluation of the performance of the OJJDP; and (2) a comprehensive audit and evaluation of selected grant recipients, including a review of internal controls to prevent fraud, waste, and abuse of funds.
Requires the OJJDP to conduct a biennial programmatic and financial review of all grants awarded to states and Indian tribes under this Act to prevent waste, fraud, and abuse by grantees.
Requires states, as a condition of receiving juvenile accountability block grants, to provide assurances of compliance with the core requirements of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 applicable to the detention and confinement of juveniles.