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S. 1558 (114th): Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2016

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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress, and was published on Jun 11, 2015.


Highlights:

The Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2016 provides FY2016 appropriations to the Department of Defense (DOD) for military activities, including appropriations for Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO)/ Global War on Terrorism.

The bill does not include funding for military construction, military family housing, civil works projects of the Army Corps of Engineers, and nuclear warheads, which are all considered in other appropriations bills. The bill increases total funding for DOD compared to FY2015 levels. The bill also includes increases for Military Personnel; Procurement; Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation; and Revolving and Management Funds.

The bill also includes increases for Other DOD Programs, including the Defense Health Program and Drug-Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities.

The bill decreases base funding below FY2015 levels for Operation and Maintenance and Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction.

The bill provides additional OCO funding for many accounts, including Military Personnel; Operation and Maintenance; Procurement; and Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation. OCO funding is not subject to discretionary spending limits and other budget enforcement procedures.

Full Summary:

Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2016

Provides FY2016 appropriations for most military activities of the Department of Defense (DOD).

TITLE I--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Provides appropriations for active-duty and reserve personnel in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force (the military departments), and for National Guard personnel in the Army and Air Force.

TITLE II--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Provides appropriations for Operation and Maintenance (O&M) for the military departments, other agencies of the DOD, the Reserve Components, and the Army and Air National Guard.

Provides appropriations for: (1) the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces; (2) Environmental Restoration for the military departments, DOD, and at Formerly Used Defense Sites; (3) Overseas Humanitarian, Disaster, and Civic Aid; (4) the Cooperative Threat Reduction Account; and (5) the Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund.

TITLE III--PROCUREMENT

Provides appropriations for Procurement by the military departments, including procurement of aircraft, missiles, weapons, tracked combat vehicles, ammunition, and for shipbuilding and conversion by the Navy.

Provides appropriations for Defense-Wide Procurement and Defense Production Act Purchases.

TITLE IV--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST AND EVALUATION

Provides appropriations for Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation (RDT&E) by the military departments and defense agencies.

Provides appropriations for the independent activities of the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.

TITLE V--REVOLVING AND MANAGEMENT FUNDS

Provides appropriations for the Defense Working Capital Funds and the National Defense Sealift Fund.

TITLE VI--OTHER DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROGRAMS

Provides appropriations for: (1) the Defense Health Program, (2) Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, (3) Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, and (4) the Office of the Inspector General.

TITLE VII--RELATED AGENCIES

Provides appropriations for the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability System Fund, and the Intelligence Community Management Account.

TITLE VIII--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sets forth permissible, restricted, and prohibited uses of funds appropriated by this and other appropriations bills.

(Sec. 8001) Prohibits appropriations contained in this bill from being used for publicity or propaganda purposes not authorized by Congress.

(Sec. 8002) Provides that during the current fiscal year, provisions of law prohibiting compensating or employing foreign nationals shall not apply to DOD if certain conditions are met.

(Sec. 8003) Prohibits funding provided by this bill from remaining available for obligation beyond the current fiscal year unless this bill expressly provides otherwise.

(Sec. 8004) Prohibits more than 20% of the appropriations provided by this bill for the current fiscal year from being obligated during the last two months of the fiscal year.

(Sec. 8005) Permits specified Working Capital Funds provided by this bill for military functions (except military construction) to be transferred between appropriations or funds available for the same purposes, subject to specified restrictions and the approval of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Requires DOD to notify Congress of all transfers made pursuant to this section.

(Sec. 8006) Requires tables included in the report accompanying this bill to be treated as if they were included in the text of this bill.

(Sec. 8007) Requires DOD to submit a report to Congress to establish the baseline for application of reprogramming and transfer authorities for FY2016. Prohibits funds provided by this bill from being reprogrammed or transferred until the report is provided or DOD certifies to Congress that the reprogramming or transfer is necessary as an emergency requirement. Includes an exception for Environmental Restoration Accounts.

(Sec. 8008) Prohibits cash balances in DOD Working Capital Funds from exceeding the level necessary for cash disbursements to be made from the funds. Sets forth requirements and limitations for transfers of balances in the funds to specified accounts.

(Sec. 8009) Prohibits the initiation of a special access program without notifying Congress in advance.

(Sec. 8010) Establishes limitations and conditions on the use of funds provided by this bill to initiate or terminate certain multi-year contracts.

(Sec. 8011) Appropriates O&M funds for the costs of humanitarian and civic assistance provided in conjunction with military operations.

(Sec. 8012) Prohibits DOD from managing civilian personnel on the basis of any end-strength during FY2016.

(Sec. 8013) Prohibits funds made available by this bill from being used to directly or indirectly influence congressional action on legislation or appropriation matters pending before Congress.

(Sec. 8014) Prohibits compensation from being paid to any member of the Army participating as a full-time student and receiving benefits from the Defense Education Benefits Fund if the time spent as a student is counted toward the member's service commitment.

(Sec. 8015) Permits funds appropriated in title III of this bill for the Department of Defense Pilot Mentor-Protege Program to be transferred to any other account to implement a developmental assistance agreement under the program.

(Sec. 8016) Provides specified Working Capital Fund--Army funds to maintain competitive rates at arsenals.

(Sec. 8017) Prohibits funds from being used to demilitarize or dispose of certain small firearms, small arms ammunition, or ammunition components.

(Sec. 8018) Limits funding for the relocation of any DOD entity into or within the National Capital Region. Permits DOD to waive the limitation by certifying to Congress that a relocation is required in the best interest of the government.

(Sec. 8019) Permits up to $15 million to be used for incentive payments for federal contracts involving contractors, subcontractors, or suppliers that are Indian organizations or Indian-owned economic enterprises.

(Sec. 8020) Prohibits funds for the Defense Media Activity from being used for national or international political or psychological activities.

(Sec. 8021) Permits DOD to incur obligations of up to $350 million for DOD military compensation, construction projects, and supplies and services in anticipation of contributions from the government of Kuwait.

(Sec. 8022) Provides appropriations from specified accounts for the Civil Air Patrol Corporation to support operation and maintenance, procurement, readiness, counterdrug activities, and drug demand reduction activities involving youth programs.

(Sec. 8023) Prohibits funds provided by this bill from being used to establish a new DOD federally-funded research and development center (FFRDC). Limits compensation for FFRDC members or consultants.

Prohibits a defense FFRDC from using FY2016 DOD funds for new building construction, cost-sharing payments for projects funded by government grants, absorption of contract overruns, or certain charitable contributions.

Limits the staff years that may be funded for FFRDCs from FY2016 funds, and requires DOD to submit a report on the allocation of staff years with the FY2017 budget request.

Reduces the total amount appropriated by this bill for FFRDCs.

(Sec. 8024) Prohibits DOD from procuring carbon, alloy, or armor steel plating not melted and rolled in the United States or Canada. Permits DOD to waive the prohibition if adequate domestic supplies are not available and an acquisition is necessary for national security purposes.

(Sec. 8025) Specifies that "congressional defense committees" include the Senate and House Armed Services Committees and Appropriations Subcommittees on Defense.

(Sec. 8026) Permits DOD to acquire the modification, depot maintenance, and repair of aircraft, vehicles, and vessels; and production of components through competition between DOD activities and private firms.

(Sec. 8027) Revokes blanket waivers of the Buy American Act if DOD determines that a country has violated the terms of a specified agreement by discriminating against products produced in the United States.

(Sec. 8028) Permits funds in the Department of Defense Overseas Military Facility Investment Recovery Account to remain available until expended.

(Sec. 8029) Permits the Air Force to convey to Indian tribes located in Nevada, Idaho, North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Oregon, Minnesota, and Washington relocatable military housing units currently located at Grand Forks, Malmstrom, Mountain Home, Elllsworth, and Minot Air Force Bases that are excess to the needs of the Air Force. Requires the Operation Walking Shield Program to resolve any housing unit conflicts arising among requests of Indian tribes for these conveyances.

(Sec. 8030) Permits DOD O&M appropriations to be used to purchase items with an investment unit cost of not more than $250,000.

(Sec. 8031) Requires DOD to issue regulations to: (1) prohibit the sale of tobacco or tobacco-related products in military resale outlets in the United States, its territories, and possessions at a price below the most competitive price in the local community; and (2) require the prices in overseas military retail outlets to be within the range of prices established for military retail systems stores in the United States.

(Sec. 8032) Prohibits the use of DOD Working Capital Funds to purchase specified investment items.

(Sec. 8033) Prohibits funds provided for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) from remaining available for obligation beyond the current fiscal year, except for funds provided for the Reserve for Contingencies, the Working Capital Fund, or other specified programs.

(Sec. 8034) Permits funds made available by this bill to the Defense Intelligence Agency to be used for the design, development, and deployment of General Defense Intelligence Program intelligence communication and intelligence information systems.

(Sec. 8035) Permits specified Operation and Maintenance--Defense-Wide funds to be used for the mitigation of environmental impacts on Indian lands resulting from DOD activities.

(Sec. 8036) Requires DOD to comply with the Buy American Act.

(Sec. 8037) Prohibits funds from being used for contracts for studies, analysis, or consulting services entered into without competition on the basis of an unsolicited proposal unless specified conditions are met.

(Sec. 8038) Prohibits funds in this bill from being used to: (1) establish a field operating agency, or (2) pay a member of the Armed Forces or civilian employee transferred or reassigned from a headquarters activity if the employee's place of duty remains at headquarters. Specifies exceptions, and permits waivers that will reduce personnel or financial requirements of the department.

(Sec. 8039) Prohibits funds in this bill from being used to convert a function performed by DOD civilian employees to performance by a contractor unless specific requirements are met.

(Sec. 8040) Rescinds specified funds provided for Procurement, Cooperative Threat Reduction, and RDT&E in prior defense appropriations Acts.

(Sec. 8041) Prohibits funds provided by this bill from being used to reduce authorized positions for military technicians (dual status) of the Army National Guard, Air National Guard, Army Reserve, and Air Force Reserve unless the reductions are a direct result of a reduction in military force structure.

(Sec. 8042) Prohibits funds provided by this bill from being used for assistance to North Korea unless specifically appropriated for that purpose.

(Sec. 8043) Permits O&M funds provided by this bill to be used to reimburse the National Guard and Reserve for providing intelligence or counterintelligence support to the combatant commands, defense agencies, and joint intelligence activities.

(Sec. 8044) Prohibits the transfer of DOD or Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) drug interdiction or counter-drug activity funds to any other department or agency except as specifically provided in an appropriations law.

(Sec. 8045) Prohibits funds provided by this bill from being used for Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) launch service competitions unless the competitions are open to all certified providers of EELV systems. Requires competitions for launches with multiple service providers to consider bids from two or more providers. Permits providers to compete with any certified launch vehicle in their inventory.

(Sec. 8046) Appropriates funds to DOD for grants to the United Service Organizations and the Red Cross.

(Sec. 8047) Prohibits funds provided by this bill from being used to purchase any supercomputer not manufactured in the United States unless it is unavailable from U.S. manufacturers and is necessary for national security.

(Sec. 8048) Requires the Small Business Innovation Research program and the Small Business Technology Transfer program set-asides to be taken proportionately from all programs, projects, or activities that contribute to the extramural budget.

(Sec. 8049) Prohibits funds in this bill from being used for contractor bonuses being paid due to a business restructuring.

(Sec. 8050) Permits the transfer of specified O&M funds to pay military personnel for support and services for eligible organizations and activities outside DOD.

(Sec. 8051) Permits DOD to dispose of negative unliquidated or unexpended balances for expired or closed accounts by charging an obligation to a current account for the same purpose as the expired or closed account.

(Sec. 8052) Permits the National Guard to allow the use of equipment of the National Guard Distance Learning Project by any person or entity on a space-available, reimbursable basis.

(Sec. 8053) Prohibits DOD funds from being used to modify command and control relationships to give Fleet Forces Command operational and administrative control of U.S. Navy forces assigned to the Pacific fleet. Provides that command and control relationships that existed on October 1, 2004, shall remain in effect unless changes are specifically authorized in a subsequent Act. Includes an exception for administrative control of Navy Air and Missile Defense Command.

(Sec. 8054) Requires specified O&M funds to be used for continued implementation and expansion of the Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Program.

(Sec. 8055) Prohibits the use of funds provided in title IV to procure end-items for delivery to military forces for operational training, operational use, or inventory requirements. Includes exceptions and permits a waiver for national security purposes.

(Sec. 8056) Permits DOD to waive limitations on the procurement of defense items from a foreign country if: (1) the limitations would invalidate cooperative programs or reciprocal trade agreements, and (2) the country does not discriminate against the same or similar items procured in the United States. Provides exceptions.

(Sec. 8057) Prohibits funds from being used to consolidate or relocate any element of a U.S. Air Force Rapid Engineer Deployable Heavy Operational Repair Squadron Engineer (RED HORSE) squadron outside of the United States until the Air Force: (1) submits to Congress an analysis and comparison of the cost and investment required to consolidate or relocate a RED HORSE squadron outside of the United States versus within the United States, and (2) certifies to Congress that the preferred site yields the greatest savings.

(Sec. 8058) Prohibits funds from being used for repairs or maintenance for military family housing units.

(Sec. 8059) Requires DOD to submit a report to Congress before obligating specified RDT&E funds appropriated by this bill for any new start advanced concept technology demonstration project or joint capability demonstration project. Permits DOD to waive the restriction by certifying to Congress that it is in the national interest.

(Sec. 8060) Requires DOD to continue to provide a classified quarterly report to Congress on matters specified in the classified annex accompanying this bill.

(Sec. 8061) Permits a Reserve who is a member of the National Guard serving on full-time duty to support ground-based elements of the National Ballistic Missile Defense System.

(Sec. 8062) Prohibits funds provided by this bill from being used to transfer specified armor-piercing ammunition to any nongovernmental entity, except for demilitarization purposes.

(Sec. 8063) Permits the Chief of the National Guard Bureau to waive payment for the lease of personal property to certain youth, social, charitable, or fraternal nonprofit organizations.

(Sec. 8064) Prohibits the use of funds appropriated in this bill to support the procurement of malt beverages and wine with nonappropriated funds for resale on a military installation located in the United States unless the beverages are procured within the state in which the installation is located and specified conditions are met.

(Sec. 8065) Permits specified O&M--Army funds to remain available until expended. Permits DOD to: (1) transfer the funds to other activities of the federal government; and (2) contract for the acquisition of real property, construction, personal services, and operations related to projects carrying out the purpose of this section.

(Sec. 8066) Prohibits funds from being used to make specified modifications to the budget and appropriations process for the National Intelligence Program.

(Sec. 8067) Provides specified Defense Health Program funds for peer-reviewed medical research on amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

(Sec. 8068) Provides specified Procurement and RDT&E funds for the Israeli Cooperative Programs for the Iron Dome defense system to counter short-range rocket threats, the Short Range Ballistic Missile Defense program, and related programs.

(Sec. 8069) Permits specified Shipbuilding and Conversion--Navy funds to remain available through FY2016 to fund prior year shipbuilding cost increases. Requires the funds to be transferred to specified accounts.

(Sec. 8070) Deems funds provided by this bill for intelligence activities to be authorized by Congress during FY2016 until the enactment of the Intelligence Authorization Act for FY2016.

(Sec. 8071) Prohibits fund appropriated by this bill from being used for a reprogramming of funds that creates or initiates a new program, project, or activity unless it must be undertaken immediately for national security and Congress is notified in advance.

(Sec. 8072) Requires the President's FY2017 budget to include separate budget justification documents for costs of the Armed Forces' participation in contingency operations for the Military Personnel, O&M, Procurement, and RDT&E accounts.

(Sec. 8073) Prohibits funds provided by this bill from being used for research, development, test, evaluation, procurement, or deployment of nuclear armed interceptors of a missile defense system.

(Sec. 8074) Reduces the total amount appropriated in this bill to reflect savings due to favorable foreign exchange rates.

(Sec. 8075) Prohibits funds appropriated in this bill from being used to reduce or disestablish the operation of the 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron of the Air Force Reserve if the actions reduce the WC-130 Weather Reconnaissance mission below the levels funded in this bill. Permits the Squadron to perform other missions in support of national defense requirements during the non-hurricane season.

(Sec. 8076) Prohibits funds from being used for integrating foreign intelligence information unless the information has been lawfully collected and processed during authorized foreign intelligence activities.

(Sec. 8077) Permits DOD to transfer funds from any Department of the Navy appropriation to any Navy ship construction appropriation for liquidating necessary changes resulting from inflation, market fluctuations, or rate adjustments for any ship construction program. Specifies limits and requirements for the transfers.

(Sec. 8078) Prohibits funds in this bill from being used to transfer research and development, acquisition, or other program authority related to current tactical unmanned aerial vehicles from the Army. Requires the Army to retain responsibility for and operational control of the MQ-1C Gray Eagle Unmanned Aerial Vehicle.

(Sec. 8079) Provides specified Navy O&M funds for the Asia Pacific Regional Initiative Program for enabling the Pacific Command to execute theater security cooperation activities such as humanitarian assistance and the payment of incremental and personnel costs of training and exercising with foreign security forces.

(Sec. 8080) Prohibits funds appropriated by this bill for programs of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence from being obligated beyond the current fiscal year except for research and technology funds, which remain available through FY2017.

(Sec. 8081) Provides for the adjustment of obligations within the Shipbuilding and Conversion--Navy appropriation.

(Sec. 8082) Requires the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) to submit a report to Congress establishing the baseline for application of reprogramming and transfer authorities for FY2016. Prohibits funds provided by this Act for the National Intelligence Program from being transferred or reprogrammed until the report is submitted unless the action is necessary for an emergency.

(Sec. 8083) Prohibits funds provided by this bill from being used to retire, divest, realign, or transfer RQ-4B Global Hawk aircraft, or to disestablish or convert units associated with the aircraft.

(Sec. 8084) Prohibits the use of funds to support any military training or operation that includes child soldiers unless the assistance is permitted by the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008.

(Sec. 8085) Makes specified Intelligence Community Management Account funds available for transfer by the DNI to other departments and agencies for government-wide information sharing activities, subject to the approval of OMB.

(Sec. 8086) Provides specific restrictions on the reprogramming or transfer of funds provided to the National Intelligence Program.

(Sec. 8087) Directs the DNI to submit annually to Congress a future-years intelligence program reflecting estimated expenditures and proposed appropriations included in the President's budget.

(Sec. 8088) Specifies committees included in "congressional intelligence committees" for the purposes of this bill.

(Sec. 8089) Requires DOD to continue to report incremental contingency operations costs for Operation Inherent Resolve (operations in Iraq and Syria against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant or ISIL) and Operation Freedom's Sentinel (counterterrorism, training, and advisory activities in Afghanistan) on a monthly basis, and other operations identified by DOD on a semiannual basis.

(Sec. 8090) Permits specified O&M funds provided in title II to be transferred by the military department concerned to its central fund established for Fisher Houses and Suites.

(Sec. 8091) Permits O&M funds to be used for payments and transfers to the Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund.

(Sec. 8092) Requires agencies receiving funds in this bill to post reports required to be submitted to Congress on the public web site of the agency if it serves the national interest. Provides exceptions for national security or proprietary information.

(Sec. 8093) Prohibits the use of funds for federal contracts in excess of $1 million unless the contractor meets specific requirements regarding the resolution of claims under title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin). Allows DOD to waive the requirements to avoid harm to national security.

(Sec. 8094) Provides specified funds to be transferred to the Joint Department of Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration Fund.

(Sec. 8095) Prohibits DOD from using funds made available by this Act to occupy more than 2,500 parking spaces (other than handicap-reserved spaces) provided by the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) 133 project in Alexandria, Virginia. Permits a waiver of the limitation if certain conditions are met.

(Sec. 8096) Permits DOD funds to be used to purchase armored vehicles for the physical security of personnel or force protection and limits the cost to $400,000 per vehicle.

(Sec. 8097) Prohibits the use of funds for providing certain missile defense information to the Russian Federation.

(Sec. 8098) Requires DOD to provide quarterly reports to Congress including the numbers of civilian personnel end strength by appropriation account.

(Sec. 8099) Permits the transfer of specified funds made available by this bill to the National Intelligence Program if OMB approves and the Director of National Intelligence determines it is necessary and in the national interest. Requires transfer authority be used for higher priority items based on unforeseen intelligence requirements. Prohibits transfer authority from being used when the item for which funds are requested has been denied by Congress.

(Sec. 8100) Prohibits funds from being used to transfer or release any individual detained at U.S. Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (Guantanamo) who is not a U.S. citizen or member of the Armed Force into the United States, its territories, or possessions.

(Sec. 8101) Prohibits funding to construct, acquire, or modify any United States facility (other than the facility at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba) to house any individual detained at Guantanamo.

(Sec. 8102) Prohibits funds provided in this bill from being used to transfer any individual detained at Guantanamo to the custody or control of the individual's country of origin, or any other foreign country or entity, except in accordance with the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.

(Sec. 8103) Permits the transfer of specified Navy O&M funds to the John C. Stennis Center for Public Service Training and Development Trust Fund.

(Sec. 8104) Prohibits funds provided by this bill for the T-AO(X) program from being used to award contracts for specified components unless the component is manufactured in the United States. (The T-AO(X) program is an oiler shipbuilding program to build a new class of fleet oilers for the Navy. Navy fleet oilers transfer fuel to Navy surface ships that are operating at sea.)

(Sec. 8105) Prohibits funds from being used to enter into specified agreements and transactions with Russian arms supplier Rosoboronexport. Permits DOD to waive the restriction if specific conditions are met.

(Sec. 8106) Prohibits the use of funds provided by this bill to transfer or divest more than 36 AH-64 Apache helicopters from the Army National Guard to the active Army until 60 days after the National Commission on the Future of the Army releases its recommendations.

(Sec. 8107) Reduces the total amount appropriated by this bill to reflect savings due to lower than anticipated fuel prices.

(Sec. 8108) Permits funds provided by this bill to be used for payments to local military commanders for damage, personal injury, or death that is incident to combat operations in a foreign country.

(Sec. 8109) Prohibits funds made available in this bill from being used to reduce strategic delivery vehicles and launchers below levels necessary to implement the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START), as set forth in a report provided to Congress pursuant to the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012.

(Sec. 8110) Provides specified RDT&E--Defense-Wide funds for DOD activities related to implementation of the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act and a uniform procurement instrument identifier.

(Sec. 8111) Prohibits funds from being used for the transfer of administrative responsibilities or budgetary resources of any program, project, or activity financed by this bill to the jurisdiction of another federal agency not financed by this bill without express authorization of the Congress.

(Sec. 8112) States the sense of the Senate that: (1) sequestration is an unreasonable and inadequate budgeting tool, (2) sequestration relief that is divided equally between non-defense and defense spending must be accomplished for FY2016 and FY2017; and (3) the relief should be offset through targeted changes in mandatory and discretionary categories and revenues.

TITLE IX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

Provides appropriations for FY2016 for Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO)/ the Global War on Terrorism. Designates the funds provided in this title as for Overseas Contingency Operations/ Global War on Terrorism pursuant to the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985. (OCO funds are exempt from discretionary spending limits and other budget enforcement rules).

Provides appropriations for Active-Duty and Reserve Personnel in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps and Air Force (the military departments), and for National Guard personnel in the Army and Air Force.

Provides appropriations for Operation and Maintenance (O&M) for the military departments, other agencies of DOD, the Reserve Components, and the Army and Air National Guard.

Provides appropriations for the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund, the Iraq Train and Equip Fund, and the Syria Train and Equip Fund.

Provides appropriations for Procurement by the military departments, other DOD agencies, Reserve Components, and National Guard, including for the procurement of aircraft, missiles, weapons, tracked combat vehicles, and ammunition.

Provides appropriations for Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation (RDT&E) for the Army, Navy, Air Force, and other DOD agencies.

Provides appropriations for the Defense Working Capital Funds.

Provides appropriations for Other DOD Programs, including: (1) the Defense Health Program; (2) Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities--Defense; (3) the Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Fund; and (4) the Office of the Inspector General.

Sets forth permissible, restricted, and prohibited uses of funds appropriated by this title.

(Sec. 9001) Provides that amounts designated by this bill for Overseas Contingency Operations/ Global War on Terrorism shall be available only if the President subsequently designates the funds and transmits the designations to Congress.

(Sec. 9002) Provides that funds made available in this title are in addition to amounts appropriated to DOD for FY2016.

(Sec. 9003) Permits DOD to transfer up to $3.5 billion between the appropriations in this title if it is in the national interest, OMB approves, and Congress is notified.

(Sec. 9004) Permits supervision, administration, and design costs for a construction project funded with O&M or the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund in direct support of overseas contingency operations in Afghanistan to be obligated when a construction contract is awarded.

(Sec. 9005) Permits DOD to use funds appropriated in this title to purchase motor vehicles for use by military and civilian DOD employees in the U.S. Central Command area of responsibility. Limits the cost of each passenger and armored vehicle.

(Sec. 9006) Permits the use of a limited amount of O&M funding to be used for the Commander's Emergency Response Program for humanitarian relief and reconstruction assistance in Afghanistan.

(Sec. 9007) Permits DOD O&M funds to be used to provide supplies, services, transportation, and other logistical support to coalition forces supporting military and stability operations in Afghanistan and to counter the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. Requires DOD to report quarterly to Congress regarding the support.

(Sec. 9008) Prohibits funds from being used to: (1) establish any military installation or base for providing for the permanent stationing of Armed Forces in Iraq or Afghanistan, or (2) exercise U.S. control over any oil resource of Iraq.

(Sec. 9009) Prohibits funds provided by this bill from being used in contravention of specified laws or regulations implementing the United Nations Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.

(Sec. 9010) Prohibits funds provided for the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund from being obligated prior to the approval of a financial and activity plan by the Afghanistan Resources Oversight Council of DOD.

(Sec. 9011) Permits O&M funds provided in this title to be used to purchase items with an investment unit cost of up to $250,000. Permits the purchase of items with an investment cost of up to $500,000 if DOD determines that it is necessary to meet the operational requirements of a Commander of a Combatant Command engaged in contingency operations overseas.

(Sec. 9012) Permits a limited amount of O&M funding to be used to support U.S. transition activities in Iraq by funding the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq and security assistance teams.

(Sec. 9013) Prohibits the use of funds for Syria in contravention of the War Powers Resolution.

(Sec. 9014) Provides appropriations for security assistance and intelligence support for military and other security forces of the government of Ukraine. Designates the amounts as Overseas Contingency Operations/Global War on Terrorism funding.

(Sec. 9015) Prohibits funds appropriated by this bill from being used to transfer additional C-130 cargo aircraft to the Afghan National Security Forces until DOD provides Congress with a review of the Afghanistan Air Force's requirements.

(Sec. 9016) Permits DOD to use up to $100 million in funds provided by this title for specified additional costs for projects funded by the Afghanistan Infrastructure Fund in prior Acts.

(Sec. 9017) States the sense of the Senate that Congress should enact an updated Authorization for Use of Military Force to clarify the United States military role against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).