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S. 1578 (114th): Taxpayer Bill of Rights Enhancement Act of 2015


The text of the bill below is as of Jun 16, 2015 (Introduced). The bill was not enacted into law.


II

114th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 1578

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

June 16, 2015

(for himself and Mr. Thune) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance

A BILL

To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to enhance taxpayer rights, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title, etc

(a)

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Taxpayer Bill of Rights Enhancement Act of 2015.

(b)

Amendment of 1986 Code

Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in this Act an amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal of, a section or other provision, the reference shall be considered to be made to a section or other provision of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

(c)

Table of contents

The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title, etc.

TITLE I—Taxpayer bill of rights and Internal Revenue Service accountability

Sec. 101. Duty to ensure that IRS employees are familiar with and act in accord with certain taxpayer rights.

Sec. 102. Revisions relating to termination of employment of IRS employees for misconduct.

Sec. 103. Codification of rules for retention of Internal Revenue Service emails.

TITLE II—The right to privacy

Sec. 201. Criminal penalty for unauthorized disclosure or inspection.

Sec. 202. Civil damages for unauthorized disclosure or inspection.

Sec. 203. IRS employees prohibited from using personal email accounts for official business.

Sec. 204. Compliance by contractors with confidentiality safeguards.

TITLE III—The right to appeal in an independent forum and to challenge the Internal Revenue Service position and be heard

Sec. 301. Increase in limitations on civil damages for certain unauthorized collection actions.

Sec. 302. Extension of time limit for contesting IRS levy.

Sec. 303. Expansion of declaratory judgment remedy to tax-exempt organizations.

TITLE IV—The right to a fair and just tax system

Sec. 401. Waiver of user fee for installment agreements using automated withdrawals.

Sec. 402. Individuals held harmless on improper levy on individual retirement plan.

Sec. 403. Office of Chief Counsel review of offers-in-compromise.

Sec. 404. Authority of the National Taxpayer Advocate to comment on Treasury regulations.

Sec. 405. Individual estimated tax.

Sec. 406. Corporate estimated tax.

Sec. 407. Increase in large corporation threshold for estimated tax payments.

Sec. 408. Expansion of interest netting.

Sec. 409. Clarification of application of Federal tax deposit penalty.

TITLE V—The right to be informed

Sec. 501. Collection activities with respect to joint return disclosable to either spouse based on oral request.

Sec. 502. Disclosure of taxpayer identity for tax refund purposes.

Sec. 503. Release of information regarding the status of certain investigations.

Sec. 504. Mandatory electronic filing for annual returns of exempt organizations.

TITLE VI—The right to qualify service

Sec. 601. Free electronic filing.

Sec. 602. Access to appeals.

I

Taxpayer bill of rights and Internal Revenue Service accountability

101.

Duty to ensure that IRS employees are familiar with and act in accord with certain taxpayer rights

(a)

In general

Section 7803(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4) and by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new paragraph:

(3)

Execution of duties in accord with taxpayer rights

In discharging his duties, the Commissioner shall ensure that employees of the Internal Revenue Service are familiar with and act in accord with taxpayer rights as afforded by other provisions of this title, including—

(A)

the right to be informed,

(B)

the right to quality service,

(C)

the right to pay no more than the correct amount of tax,

(D)

the right to challenge the position of the Internal Revenue Service and be heard,

(E)

the right to appeal a decision of the Internal Revenue Service in an independent forum,

(F)

the right to finality,

(G)

the right to privacy,

(H)

the right to confidentiality,

(I)

the right to retain representation, and

(J)

the right to a fair and just tax system.

.

(b)

Effective date

The amendments made by this section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.

102.

Revisions relating to termination of employment of IRS employees for misconduct

(a)

Termination for taking official actions for political purposes

Paragraph (10) of section 1203(b) of the Internal Revenue Service Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998 is amended to read as follows:

(10)

performing, delaying, or failing to perform (or threatening to perform, delay, or fail to perform) any official action (including any audit) with respect to a taxpayer for purpose of extracting personal gain or benefit or for a political purpose.

.

(b)

Notification of decision not To terminate employment

Section 1203(c) of the Internal Revenue Service Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998 is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(4)

Notification

In any case in which the Commissioner exercises the authority under paragraph (1), the Commissioner shall submit to the chairman and ranking member of the Committee on Finance of the Senate and the chairman and ranking member of the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives of the reasons for taking a personnel action other than termination.

.

103.

Codification of rules for retention of Internal Revenue Service emails

(a)

Retention of records

Email records of the Internal Revenue Service shall be retained in an appropriate electronic system that supports records management and litigation requirements, including the capability to identify, retrieve, and retain the records, in accordance with this subsection:

(1)

Prior to the date on which the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration makes the certification under subsection (c)(1), the Commissioner of Internal Revenue and the Chief Counsel for the Internal Revenue Service shall retain all email records.

(2)

Not later than December 31, 2016, the Commissioner of Internal Revenue and the Chief Counsel for the Internal Revenue Service shall maintain email records of all principal officers and specified employees of the Internal Revenue Service for a period of 15 years beginning on the date such record was generated.

(b)

Transmission of records to the National Archives

Not later than the last day of the 15-year period described in subsection (a)(2), the Commissioner of Internal Revenue and the Chief Counsel for the Internal Revenue Service shall transfer the email records of principal officers of the Internal Revenue Service to the Archivist of the United States.

(c)

Compliance

(1)

Certification

On the date that the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration determines that the Internal Revenue Service has a program in place that complies with the requirements of subsections (a)(2) and (b), the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration shall certify to the Committee on Finance of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives that the Internal Revenue Service is in compliance with such requirements.

(2)

Reports

(A)

Interim report

Not later than March 1, 2016, the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration shall submit a report to the Committee on Finance of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives on the steps being taken by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue and the Chief Counsel for the Internal Revenue Service to comply with the requirements of subsections (a)(2) and (b).

(B)

Final report

Not later than March 1, 2017, the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration shall submit a report to the Committee on Finance of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives describing whether the Internal Revenue Service is in compliance with the requirements of subsections (a)(2) and (b).

(d)

Definitions

(1)

Principal officers

For purposes of this section, the term principal officer means, with respect to the Internal Revenue Service—

(A)

any employee whose position is listed under the Internal Revenue Service in the most recent version of the United States Government Manual published by the Office of the Federal Register,

(B)

any employee who is a senior staff member reporting directly to the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, and

(C)

any—

(i)

associate counsel, deputy counsel, or division head in the Office of the Chief Counsel for the Internal Revenue Service, and

(ii)

any employee who is a senior staff member,

who reports directly to such Chief Counsel.
(2)

Specified employees

The term specified employee means, with respect to the Internal Revenue Service, any employee who—

(A)

holds a Senior Executive Service position (as defined in section 3132 of title 5, United States Code) in the Internal Revenue Service or the Office of Chief Counsel for the Internal Revenue Service), and

(B)

is not a principal officer of the Internal Revenue Service.

II

The right to privacy

201.

Criminal penalty for unauthorized disclosure or inspection

(a)

Unauthorized disclosure

Section 7213 is amended by striking $5,000 each place it appears in subsections (a) and (d) and inserting $20,000.

(b)

Unauthorized inspection

Section 7213A(b)(1) is amended by striking $1,000 and inserting $5,000.

(c)

Effective date

The amendments made by this section shall apply to violations occurring after the date of the enactment of this Act.

202.

Civil damages for unauthorized disclosure or inspection

(a)

Notice to Taxpayer

Subsection (e) of section 7431 is amended by adding at the end the following new sentences: The Secretary shall also notify such taxpayer if the Internal Revenue Service or, upon notice to the Secretary by a Federal or State agency, if such Federal or State agency, proposes an administrative determination as to disciplinary or adverse action against an employee arising from the employee’s unauthorized inspection or disclosure of the taxpayer’s return or return information. The notice described in this subsection shall include the date of the inspection or disclosure and the rights of the taxpayer under such administrative determination..

(b)

Payment Authority Clarified

(1)

In general

Section 7431 is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

(i)

Payment Authority

Claims pursuant to subsection (a)(1) shall be payable out of funds appropriated under section 1304 of title 31, United States Code.

.

(2)

Annual reports of payments

The Secretary of the Treasury shall annually report to the Committee on Finance of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives regarding payments made from the United States Judgment Fund under section 7431(i) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

(c)

Burden of Proof for Good Faith Exception Rests With Person Making Inspection or Disclosure

Section 7431(b) is amended by adding at the end the following new flush sentence:

In any proceeding involving the issue of the existence of good faith, the burden of proof with respect to such issue shall be on the person who made the inspection or disclosure.

.

(d)

Reports

Subsection (p) of section 6103 is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(9)

Report on willful unauthorized disclosure and inspection

As part of the report required by paragraph (3)(C) for each calendar year, the Secretary shall furnish information regarding the willful unauthorized disclosure and inspection of returns and return information, including the number, status, and results of—

(A)

administrative investigations,

(B)

civil lawsuits brought under section 7431 (including the amounts for which such lawsuits were settled and the amounts of damages awarded), and

(C)

criminal prosecutions.

.

(e)

Increase in amount of damages per violation

(1)

In general

Subparagraph (A) of section 7431(c)(1) is amended to read as follows:

(A)

the sum of—

(i)

$5,000 for each act of unauthorized inspection of a return or return information with respect to which such defendant is found liable, and

(ii)

$10,000 for each act of unauthorized disclosure of a return or return information with respect to which such defendant is found liable, or

.

(2)

Punitive damages

(A)

In general

Section 7431(c) is amended by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively, and by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new paragraph:

(2)

in the case of willful inspection or disclosure or an inspection or disclosure which is the result of gross negligence, punitive damages, plus

.

(B)

Conforming amendment

Subparagraph (B) of section 7431(c) is amended to read as follows:

(B)

the actual damages sustained by the plaintiff as a result of such unauthorized inspection or disclosure, plus

.

(f)

Effective Dates

(1)

Notice

The amendment made by subsection (a) shall apply to determinations made after the date which is 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

(2)

Payment authority

The amendment made by subsection (b)(1) shall take effect on the date which is 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

(3)

Burden of proof

The amendments made by subsection (c) shall apply to inspections and disclosures occurring on and after the date which is 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

(4)

Reports

Subsection (b)(2) and the amendment made by subsection (d) shall apply to calendar years ending after the date which is 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

(5)

Increase in damages

The amendment made by subsection (e) shall apply to proceedings commenced after the date of the enactment of this Act.

203.

IRS employees prohibited from using personal email accounts for official business

No officer or employee of the Internal Revenue Service may use a personal email account to conduct any official business of the Government.

204.

Compliance by contractors with confidentiality safeguards

(a)

In General

Section 6103(p), as amended by this Act, is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(10)

Disclosure to contractors and other agents

Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, no return or return information shall be disclosed to any contractor or other agent of a Federal, State, or local agency unless such agency, to the satisfaction of the Secretary—

(A)

has requirements in effect which require each such contractor or other agent which would have access to returns or return information to provide safeguards (within the meaning of paragraph (4)) to protect the confidentiality of such returns or return information,

(B)

agrees to conduct an on-site review every 3 years (or a mid-point review in the case of contracts or agreements of less than 3 years in duration) of each contractor or other agent to determine compliance with such requirements,

(C)

submits the findings of the most recent review conducted under subparagraph (B) to the Secretary as part of the report required by paragraph (4)(E), and

(D)

certifies to the Secretary for the most recent annual period that such contractor or other agent is in compliance with all such requirements.

The certification required by subparagraph (D) shall include the name and address of each contractor and other agent, a description of the contract or agreement with such contractor or other agent, and the duration of such contract or agreement. The requirements of this paragraph shall not apply to disclosures pursuant to subsection (n) for purposes of Federal tax administration.

.

(b)

Conforming Amendment

Subparagraph (B) of section 6103(p)(8) is amended by inserting or paragraph (10) after subparagraph (A).

(c)

Effective Date

(1)

In general

The amendments made by this section shall apply to disclosures made after the date of the enactment of this Act.

(2)

Certifications

The first certification under section 6103(p)(10)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as added by subsection (a), shall be made with respect to the portion of calendar year 2015 following the date of the enactment of this Act.

III

The right to appeal in an independent forum and to challenge the Internal Revenue Service position and be heard

301.

Increase in limitations on civil damages for certain unauthorized collection actions

(a)

In general

Section 7433(b) is amended by striking $1,000,000 ($100,000 and inserting $1,500,000 ($150,000.

(b)

Punitive damages in the case of reckless or intentional action

Subsection (b) of section 7433 is amended—

(1)

by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and by moving such subparagraphs 2 ems to the right,

(2)

by striking In any action and inserting the following:

(1)

In general

In any action

, and

(3)

by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(2)

Punitive damages for willful and reckless actions

In any action brought under subsection (a) or petition filed under subsection (e) in which the defendant is found to be liable and to have acted recklessly or intentionally, the court may award the plaintiff punitive damages.

.

(c)

Period for bringing action

Paragraph (3) of section 7433(d) is amended by striking the date the right of action accrues and inserting the later of the date of on which administrative remedies available within the Internal Revenue Service have been exhausted or the date on which the taxpayer reasonably could have discovered that the actions of the officer or employee were done in disregard of a provision of this title or any regulation promulgated under this title.

(d)

Effective date

The amendments made by this section shall apply in the case of proceedings commenced after the date of the enactment of this Act.

302.

Extension of time limit for contesting IRS levy

(a)

Extension of Time for Return of Property Subject to Levy

Subsection (b) of section 6343 is amended by striking 9 months and inserting 2 years.

(b)

Period of Limitation on Suits

Subsection (c) of section 6532 is amended—

(1)

by striking 9 months in paragraph (1) and inserting 2 years, and

(2)

by striking 9-month in paragraph (2) and inserting 2-year.

(c)

Effective Date

The amendments made by this section shall apply to—

(1)

levies made after the date of the enactment of this Act, and

(2)

levies made on or before such date if the 9-month period has not expired under section 6343(b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (without regard to this section) as of such date.

303.

Expansion of declaratory judgment remedy to tax-exempt organizations

(a)

In general

Paragraph (1) of section 7428(a) is amended—

(1)

in subparagraph (B) by inserting after 509(a)) the following: or as a private operating foundation (as defined in section 4942(j)(3)); and

(2)

by amending subparagraph (C) to read as follows:

(C)

with respect to the initial qualification or continuing qualification of an organization as an organization described in section 501(c) (other than paragraph (3)) or 501(d) which is exempt from tax under section 501(a), or

.

(b)

Court jurisdiction

Subsection (a) of section 7428 is amended in the material following paragraph (2) by striking United States Tax Court, the United States Claims Court, or the district court of the United States for the District of Columbia and inserting the following: United States Tax Court (in the case of any such determination or failure) or the Court of Federal Claims or the district court of the United States for the District of Columbia (in the case of a determination or failure with respect to an issue referred to in subparagraph (A), (B), or (D) of paragraph (1)),.

(c)

Technical amendment

Section 7428, as amended by subsection (b), is amended by striking Claims Court each place it appears in subsection (a), (b)(2), and (c)(1)(C)(iii) and inserting Court of Federal Claims.

(d)

Effective date

The amendments made by this section shall apply to pleadings filed after the date of the enactment of this Act.

IV

The right to a fair and just tax system

401.

Waiver of user fee for installment agreements using automated withdrawals

(a)

In General

Section 6159 is amended by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections (f) and (g), respectively, and by inserting after subsection (d) the following new subsection:

(e)

Waiver of user fees for installment agreements using automated withdrawals

In the case of a taxpayer who enters into an installment agreement in which automated installment payments are agreed to, the Secretary shall waive the fee (if any) for entering into the installment agreement.

.

(b)

Effective Date

The amendments made by this section shall apply to agreements entered into on or after the date which is 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

402.

Individuals held harmless on improper levy on individual retirement plan

(a)

In General

Section 6343 is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

(f)

Individuals Held Harmless on Wrongful Levy, etc. on Individual Retirement Plan

(1)

In general

If the Secretary determines that an individual retirement plan has been levied upon in a case to which subsection (b) or (d)(2)(A) applies and property or an amount of money is returned to the individual who is the beneficiary of such plan—

(A)

the individual may contribute such property or an amount equal to the sum of—

(i)

the amount of money returned by the Secretary on account of such levy, and

(ii)

interest paid under subsection (c) on such amount of money,

into an individual retirement plan (other than an endowment contract) to which a rollover contribution of a distribution from the plan levied upon is permitted if such contribution is made not later than the due date (not including extensions) for filing the return of tax for the taxable year in which such property or amount of money is returned, and
(B)

the Secretary shall, at the time such property or amount of money is returned, notify such individual that a contribution described in subparagraph (A) may be made.

(2)

Treatment as rollover

The distribution on account of the levy and any contribution under paragraph (1) with respect to such distribution shall be treated for purposes of this title as if such distribution and contribution were part of a rollover contribution described in section 408(d)(3)(A)(i); except that—

(A)

the contribution shall be treated as having been made to the individual retirement plan for the taxable year in which the distribution on account of the levy occurred, and the interest paid under subsection (c) shall be treated as earnings within such plan after the contribution and as not includible in gross income, and

(B)

such contribution shall not be taken into account under section 408(d)(3)(B).

(3)

Refund, etc., of income tax on levy

Except in the case of a rollover contribution under this subsection from an individual retirement plan that is not a Roth IRA to a Roth IRA, if any amount is includible in gross income for a taxable year by reason of a levy referred to in paragraph (1) and any portion of such amount is treated as a rollover contribution under paragraph (2), any tax imposed by chapter 1 on such portion shall not be assessed, and if assessed shall be abated, and if collected shall be credited or refunded as an overpayment made on the due date for filing the return of tax for such taxable year.

(4)

Interest

Notwithstanding subsection (d), interest shall be allowed under subsection (c) in a case in which the Secretary makes a determination described in subsection (d)(2)(A) with respect to a levy upon an individual retirement plan.

(5)

Treatment of inherited accounts

For purposes of paragraph (1)(A), section 408(d)(3)(C) shall be disregarded in determining whether an individual retirement plan is a plan to which a rollover contribution of a distribution from the plan levied upon is permitted.

.

(b)

Effective Date

The amendment made by this section shall apply to amounts paid under subsections (b), (c), and (d)(2)(A) of section 6343 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 after December 31, 2015.

403.

Office of Chief Counsel review of offers-in-compromise

(a)

In General

Section 7122(b) is amended by striking Whenever a compromise and all that follows through his delegate and inserting If the Secretary determines that an opinion of the General Counsel for the Department of the Treasury, or the Counsel’s delegate, is required with respect to a compromise, there shall be placed on file in the office of the Secretary such opinion.

(b)

Conforming Amendments

Section 7122(b) is amended by striking the second and third sentences.

(c)

Effective Date

The amendments made by this section shall apply to offers-in-compromise submitted or pending on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.

404.

Authority of the National Taxpayer Advocate to comment on Treasury regulations

(a)

In general

Section 7805 is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

(g)

Review of impact of regulations on taxpayer rights

(1)

Submissions to National Taxpayer Advocate

Prior to publication of any proposed or temporary regulation by the Secretary, the Secretary shall submit such regulation to the National Taxpayer Advocate for comment on the impact of such regulation on taxpayer rights or taxpayer burden. Not later than the date 4 weeks after the date of such submission, the National Taxpayer Advocate shall submit comments, if any, on such regulation to the Secretary.

(2)

Consideration of comments

In prescribing any final regulation which supersedes a proposed or temporary regulation with respect to which the National Taxpayer Advocate has submitted comments—

(A)

the Secretary shall consider the comments of the National Taxpayer Advocate on such proposed or temporary regulation, and

(B)

the Secretary shall discuss its response to such comments in the preamble of such final regulation.

.

(b)

Effective date

The amendment made by this section shall apply with respect to regulations issued after the date of the enactment of this Act.

405.

Individual estimated tax

(a)

Increase in Exception for Individuals Owing Small Amount of Tax

Section 6654(e)(1) is amended by striking $1,000 and inserting $2,000.

(b)

Computation of Addition to Tax

Section 6654 is amended by striking subsections (a) and (b) and inserting the following:

(a)

Addition to the Tax

(1)

In general

Except as otherwise provided in this section, in the case of any underpayment of estimated tax by an individual for a taxable year, there shall be added to the tax under chapter 1, the tax under chapter 2, and the tax under chapter 2A for such taxable year the sum of the amounts determined under paragraph (2) for each day for which there is an underpayment.

(2)

Amount of addition to tax

The amount determined under this paragraph for any day shall be the product of—

(A)

the underpayment rate established under subsection (b)(2) for such day, multiplied by

(B)

the amount of the underpayment for such day.

(b)

Amount of underpayment; underpayment rate

For purposes of subsection (a)—

(1)

Amount

The amount of underpayment on any day shall be the excess (if any) of—

(A)

the sum of the required installments for the taxable year the due dates for which are on or before such day, over

(B)

the sum of the amounts of estimated tax payments made for such taxable year on or before such day.

(2)

Determination of underpayment rate

(A)

In general

The underpayment rate with respect to any day in an installment underpayment period shall be the underpayment rate established under section 6621 for the first day of the calendar quarter in which such installment underpayment period begins.

(B)

Installment underpayment period

For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term installment underpayment period means the period beginning on the day after the due date for a required installment and ending on the due date for the subsequent required installment (or in the case of the 4th required installment, the 15th day of the 4th month following the close of a taxable year).

(C)

Daily rate

The rate determined under subparagraph (A) shall be applied on a daily basis and shall be based on the assumption of 365 days in a calendar year.

(3)

Termination of estimated tax underpayment

No day after the end of the installment underpayment period for the 4th required installment specified in paragraph (2)(B) for a taxable year shall be treated as a day of underpayment with respect to such taxable year.

.

(c)

Effective Date

The amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2015.

406.

Corporate estimated tax

(a)

Increase in Small Tax Amount Exception

Section 6655(f) is amended by striking $500 and inserting $1,000.

(b)

Effective Date

The amendment made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2015.

407.

Increase in large corporation threshold for estimated tax payments

(a)

In General

Section 6655(g)(2) is amended—

(1)

by striking $1,000,000 in subparagraph (A) and inserting the applicable amount,

(2)

by striking the $1,000,000 amount specified in subparagraph (A) in subparagraph (B)(ii) and inserting the applicable amount,

(3)

by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C), and

(4)

by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following new subparagraph:

(B)

Applicable amount

For purposes of this paragraph, the applicable amount is $1,000,000 increased (but not above $1,500,000) by $50,000 for each taxable year beginning after 2015.

.

(b)

Effective Date

The amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2015.

408.

Expansion of interest netting

(a)

In General

Subsection (d) of section 6621 is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: Solely for purposes of the preceding sentence, section 6611(e) shall not apply..

(b)

Effective Date

The amendment made by this section shall apply to interest accrued after December 31, 2015.

409.

Clarification of application of Federal tax deposit penalty

Nothing in section 6656 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 shall be construed to permit the percentage specified in subsection (b)(1)(A)(iii) thereof to apply other than in a case where the failure is for more than 15 days.

V

The right to be informed

501.

Collection activities with respect to joint return disclosable to either spouse based on oral request

(a)

In General

Paragraph (8) of section 6103(e) is amended by striking in writing the first place it appears.

(b)

Effective Date

The amendment made by this section shall apply to requests made after the date of the enactment of this Act.

502.

Disclosure of taxpayer identity for tax refund purposes

Section 6103(m)(1) is amended by striking taxpayer identity information to the press and other media and by inserting a person’s name and the city and State of the person’s mailing address to the press, other media, and through any other means of mass communication,.

503.

Release of information regarding the status of certain investigations

(a)

In general

Subsection (e) of section 6103 is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(11)

Disclosure to certain relevant persons of information regarding status of certain investigations

(A)

Information upon request

With respect to any investigation conducted by the officers and employees of the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration which relates to possible violations of the internal revenue laws or related statutes, the Secretary and the Attorney General may, upon written request by any relevant person, disclose to such person (or such person's designee)—

(i)

whether there is or has been such an investigation with respect to which such person is a relevant person, and

(ii)

if there is or has been such an investigation—

(I)

whether such investigation is on-going or has been completed, and

(II)

if such investigation has been completed, the conclusions of such investigation, including whether there was a referral to administrative authorities or for criminal prosecution, and the contact information of the person handling the referred matter.

(B)

Notification upon conclusion

Not later than 30 days after the completion of any investigation—

(i)

which is conducted by the officers and employees of the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration, and

(ii)

the results of which indicate that—

(I)

there is substantial evidence that there has been a violation of the internal revenue laws or related statutes, and

(II)

such violation involves one or more relevant persons,

the Secretary shall disclose to all such relevant persons (or designees) the conclusions of the investigation, including whether there was a referral to administrative authorities or for criminal prosecution, and the contact information of the person handling the referred matter.
(C)

Relevant person

For purposes of this paragraph, the term relevant person means, with respect to any investigation—

(i)

any complainant who provided information to the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration related to the investigation, and

(ii)

any taxpayer who is directly connected with the matter being investigated.

.

(b)

Effective date

The amendment made by this section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.

504.

Mandatory electronic filing for annual returns of exempt organizations

(a)

In general

Section 6033 is amended by redesignating subsection (n) as subsection (o) and by inserting after subsection (m) the following new subsection:

(n)

Mandatory electronic filing

Any organization required to file a return under this section shall file such return in electronic form.

.

(b)

Inspection of electronically filed annual returns

Subsection (b) of section 6104 is amended by adding at the end the following: Any annual return required to be filed electronically under section 6033(n) shall be made available by the Secretary to the public in machine readable format as soon as practicable..

(c)

Effective date

(1)

In general

Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act.

(2)

Transitional relief

(A)

Small organizations

(i)

In general

In the case of any small organizations, or any other organizations for which the Secretary determines the application of the amendments made by subsection (a) would cause undue burden without a delay, the Secretary may delay the application of such amendments, but not later than taxable years beginning 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

(ii)

Small organization

For purposes of clause (i), the term small organization means any organization—

(I)

the gross receipts of which for the taxable year are less than $200,000, and

(II)

the aggregate gross assets of which at the end of the taxable year are less than $500,000.

(B)

Organizations filing form 990–T

In the case of any organization described in section 511(a)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 which is subject to the tax imposed by section 511(a)(1) of such Code on its unrelated business taxable income, or any organization required to file a return under section 6033 of such Code and include information under subsection (e) thereof, the Secretary may delay the application of the amendments made by this section, but not later than taxable years beginning 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

VI

The right to qualify service

601.

Free electronic filing

(a)

In general

The Secretary of the Treasury (or the Secretary's delegate) shall, in cooperation with the private sector technology industry, maintain a program that provides free individual income tax preparation and electronic filing services to low-income taxpayers and elderly taxpayers.

(b)

Requirements of program

The Secretary shall by regulation or other guidance prescribe with respect to the program—

(1)

the qualifications, selection process, and contract term for businesses participating in the program,

(2)

a process for periodic review of businesses participating in the program,

(3)

procedures for terminating business participation in the program for failure to comply with any program requirements, and

(4)

such other procedures as the Secretary determines are necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of the program.

(c)

Free File program

The Internal Revenue Service Free File program, as set forth in the notice published in the Federal Register on November 4, 2002 (67 Fed. Reg. 67247), shall be treated as meeting the requirements of subsection (a).

602.

Access to appeals

Subsection (b) of section 3465 of the Internal Revenue Service Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998 is amended by striking an appeals officer is regularly available within each State and inserting there is at least one appeals officer and one settlement officer located and permanently available in each State, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.