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S. 1808 (114th): Northern Border Security Review Act

The text of the bill below is as of Oct 19, 2015 (Reported by Senate Committee).


II

Calendar No. 269

114th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 1808

[Report No. 114–155]

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

July 21, 2015

(for herself, Ms. Ayotte, Mr. Peters, Mr. Johnson, and Mr. Portman) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs

October 19, 2015

Reported by , with an amendment

Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed in italic

A BILL

To require the Secretary of Homeland Security to conduct a Northern Border threat analysis, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Northern Border Security Review Act.

2.

Definitions

In this Act:

(1)

Appropriate congressional committees

The term appropriate congressional committees means—

(A)

the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate;

(B)

the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate;

(C)

the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives; and

(D)

the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.

(2)

Northern border

The term Northern Border means the land and maritime borders between the United States and Canada.

3.

Northern border threat analysis

(a)

In general

Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall submit a Northern Border threat analysis to the appropriate congressional committees that includes—

(1)

current and potential terrorism and criminal threats posed by individuals and organized groups seeking—

(A)

to enter the United States through the Northern Border; or

(B)

to exploit border vulnerabilities on the Northern Border;

(2)

improvements needed at ports of entry along the Northern Border—

(A)

to prevent terrorists and instruments of terror from entering the United States; and

(B)

to reduce criminal activity, as measured by the total flow of illegal goods and illicit drugs, related to the Northern Border;

(3)

improvements needed between ports of entry along the Northern Border, including the maritime borders of the Great Lakes—

(A)

to prevent terrorists and instruments of terror from entering the United States; and

(B)

to reduce criminal activity related to the Northern Border; and

(4)

vulnerabilities in law, policy, cooperation between State, tribal, and local law enforcement, international agreements, or tribal agreements that hinder effective and efficient border security, counter-terrorism, anti-human trafficking efforts, and the flow of legitimate trade along the Northern Border.

(b)

Analysis requirements

For the threat analysis required under subsection (a), the Secretary of Homeland Security shall consider and examine—

(1)

technology needs and challenges;

(2)

personnel needs and challenges;

(3)

the role of State, tribal, and local law enforcement in general border security activities;

(4)

the need for cooperation among Federal, State, tribal, local, and Canadian law enforcement entities relating to border security; and

(5)

the geographic challenges of the Northern Border.

(c)

Classified threat analysis

To the extent possible, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall submit the threat analysis required under subsection (a) in unclassified form. The Secretary may submit a portion of the threat analysis in classified form if the Secretary determines that such form is appropriate for that portion.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Northern Border Security Review Act.

2.

Definitions

In this Act:

(1)

Appropriate congressional committees

The term appropriate congressional committees means—

(A)

the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate;

(B)

the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate;

(C)

the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives; and

(D)

the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.

(2)

Northern border

The term Northern Border means the land and maritime borders between the United States and Canada.

3.

Northern border threat analysis

(a)

In general

Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall submit a Northern Border threat analysis to the appropriate congressional committees that includes—

(1)

current and potential terrorism and criminal threats posed by individuals and organized groups seeking—

(A)

to enter the United States through the Northern Border; or

(B)

to exploit border vulnerabilities on the Northern Border;

(2)

improvements needed at ports of entry along the Northern Border—

(A)

to prevent terrorists and instruments of terror from entering the United States; and

(B)

to reduce criminal activity, as measured by the total flow of illegal goods, illicit drugs, and smuggled and trafficked persons moved in either direction across to the Northern Border;

(3)

improvements needed between ports of entry along the Northern Border, including the maritime borders of the Great Lakes—

(A)

to prevent terrorists and instruments of terror from entering the United States; and

(B)

to reduce criminal activity, as measured by the total flow of illegal goods, illicit drugs, and smuggled and trafficked persons moved in either direction across the Northern Border; and

(4)

vulnerabilities in law, policy, cooperation between State, tribal, and local law enforcement, international agreements, or tribal agreements that hinder effective and efficient border security, counter-terrorism, anti-human smuggling and trafficking efforts, and the flow of legitimate trade along the Northern Border.

(b)

Analysis requirements

For the threat analysis required under subsection (a), the Secretary of Homeland Security shall consider and examine—

(1)

technology needs and challenges;

(2)

personnel needs and challenges;

(3)

the role of State, tribal, and local law enforcement in general border security activities;

(4)

the need for cooperation among Federal, State, tribal, local, and Canadian law enforcement entities relating to border security; and

(5)

the geographic challenges of the Northern Border.

(c)

Classified threat analysis

To the extent possible, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall submit the threat analysis required under subsection (a) in unclassified form. The Secretary may submit a portion of the threat analysis in classified form if the Secretary determines that such form is appropriate for that portion.

October 19, 2015

Reported with an amendment