skip to main content

S. 2193 (114th): Kate’s Law


The text of the bill below is as of Oct 22, 2015 (Placed on Calendar in the Senate).

Summary of this bill

The issue of immigration has played a central role in the presidential race, particularly on the Republican side. Among the three top remaining GOP contenders, frontrunner Donald Trump has advocated a temporary ban on all Muslims seeking to enter the United States. and proposed revoking the Constitution’s guarantee of birthright citizenship, while perhaps the biggest concern among Republican primary voters regarding Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL) is his 2013 support for a pathway to citizenship for undocumented immigrants.

Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX), an immigration hardliner, has sponsored two main bills this session to address the issue of undocumented immigrants. S. 2193, Kate’s Law, and S. 1762, the Establishing Mandatory ...


II

Calendar No. 276

114th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 2193

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

October 21, 2015

(for himself, Mr. Grassley, Mr. Vitter, Mr. Perdue, and Mr. Rubio) introduced the following bill; which was read the first time

October 22, 2015

Read the second time and placed on the calendar

A BILL

To amend the Immigration and Nationality Act to increase penalties for individuals who illegally reenter the United States after being removed and for other purposes.

1.

Short titles

This Act may be cited as the Stop Illegal Reentry Act or as Kate's Law.

2.

Increased penalties for reentry of removed alien

Section 276 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1326) is amended—

(1)

by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections (d) and (e), respectively;

(2)

by striking subsections (a) and (b) and inserting the following:

(a)

In general

Subject to subsections (b) and (c), any alien who—

(1)

has been denied admission, excluded, deported, or removed or has departed the United States while an order of exclusion, deportation, or removal is outstanding; and

(2)

thereafter enters, attempts to enter, or is at any time found in, the United States, unless—

(A)

prior to the alien’s reembarkation at a place outside the United States or the alien’s application for admission from foreign contiguous territory, the Secretary of Homeland Security has expressly consented to such alien’s reapplying for admission; or

(B)

with respect to an alien previously denied admission and removed, such alien shall establish that the alien was not required to obtain such advance consent under this Act or any prior Act;

shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.
(b)

Criminal penalties for reentry of certain removed aliens

(1)

In general

Notwithstanding the penalty provided in subsection (a), and except as provided in subsection (c), an alien described in subsection (a)—

(A)

who was convicted before such removal or departure of three or more misdemeanors involving drugs, crimes against the person, or both, or a felony (other than an aggravated felony), shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both;

(B)

who has been excluded from the United States pursuant to section 235(c) because the alien was excludable under section 212(a)(3)(B) or who has been removed from the United States pursuant to the provisions of title V, and who thereafter, without the permission of the Secretary of Homeland Security, enters the United States, or attempts to do so, shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, and imprisoned for a period of 10 years, which sentence shall not run concurrently with any other sentence;

(C)

who was removed from the United States pursuant to section 241(a)(4)(B) who thereafter, without the permission of the Secretary of Homeland Security, enters, attempts to enter, or is at any time found in, the United States (unless the Secretary of Homeland Security has expressly consented to such alien’s reentry) shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, imprisoned for not more than 10 years, or both; and

(D)

who has been denied admission, excluded, deported, or removed 3 or more times and thereafter enters, attempts to enter, crosses the border to, attempts to cross the border to, or is at any time found in the United States, shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both.

(2)

Removal defined

In this subsection and subsection (c), the term removal includes any agreement in which an alien stipulates to removal during (or not during) a criminal trial under either Federal or State law.

(c)

Mandatory minimum criminal penalty for reentry of certain removed aliens

Notwithstanding the penalties provided in subsections (a) and (b), an alien described in subsection (a)—

(1)

who was convicted before such removal or departure of an aggravated felony; or

(2)

who was convicted at least two times before such removal or departure of illegal reentry under this section;

shall be imprisoned not less than five years and not more than 20 years, and may, in addition, be fined under title 18, United States Code.

; and

(3)

in subsection (d), as redesignated by paragraph (1)—

(A)

by striking section 242(h)(2) and inserting section 241(a)(4); and

(B)

by striking Attorney General and inserting Secretary of Homeland Security.

October 22, 2015

Read the second time and placed on the calendar