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S. 2348 (114th): Rapid DNA Act of 2016


The text of the bill below is as of Dec 3, 2015 (Introduced).


II

114th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 2348

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

December 3, 2015

(for himself, Mrs. Feinstein, Mr. Lee, and Mrs. Gillibrand) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

A BILL

To implement the use of Rapid DNA instruments to inform decisions about pretrial release or detention and their conditions, to solve and prevent violent crimes and other crimes, to exonerate the innocent, to prevent DNA analysis backlogs, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Rapid DNA Act of 2015.

2.

Rapid DNA instruments

(a)

Standards

Section 210303(a) of the DNA Identification Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14131(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

(5)
(A)

In addition to issuing standards as provided in paragraphs (1) through (4), the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation shall issue standards and procedures for the use of Rapid DNA instruments and resulting DNA analyses.

(B)

In this paragraph, the term Rapid DNA instruments means instrumentation that carries out a fully automated process to derive a DNA profile from a DNA sample.

.

(b)

Index

Paragraph (2) of section 210304(b) of the DNA Identification Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14132(b)(2)) is amended to read as follows:

(2)

prepared by—

(A)

laboratories that—

(i)

have been accredited by a nonprofit professional association of persons actively involved in forensic science that is nationally recognized within the forensic science community; and

(ii)

undergo external audits, not less than once every 2 years, that demonstrate compliance with standards established by the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation; or

(B)

criminal justice agencies using Rapid DNA instruments approved by the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation in compliance with the standards and procedures issued by the Director under section 210303(a)(5); and

.

3.

Conforming amendments relating to collection of DNA identification information

(a)

From certain Federal offenders

Section 3 of the DNA Analysis Backlog Elimination Act of 2000 (42 U.S.C. 14135a) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following: The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation may waive the requirements under this subsection if DNA samples are analyzed by means of Rapid DNA instruments and the results are included in CODIS.; and

(2)

in subsection (c), by adding at the end the following:

(3)

The term Rapid DNA instruments means instrumentation that carries out a fully automated process to derive a DNA profile from a DNA sample.

.

(b)

From certain District of Columbia offenders

Section 4 of the DNA Analysis Backlog Elimination Act of 2000 (42 U.S.C. 14135b) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following: The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation may waive the requirements under this subsection if DNA samples are analyzed by means of Rapid DNA instruments and the results are included in CODIS.; and

(2)

in subsection (c), by adding at the end the following:

(3)

The term Rapid DNA instruments means instrumentation that carries out a fully automated process to derive a DNA profile from a DNA sample.

.