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S. 2607 (114th): DIGIT Act

The text of the bill below is as of Sep 27, 2016 (Reported by Senate Committee).


II

Calendar No. 652

114th CONGRESS

2d Session

S. 2607

[Report No. 114–364]

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

March 1, 2016

(for herself, Ms. Ayotte, Mr. Booker, and Mr. Schatz) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation

September 27, 2016

Reported by , with an amendment and an amendment to the title

Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed in italic

A BILL

To ensure appropriate spectrum planning and interagency coordination to support the Internet of Things.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Developing Innovation and Growing the Internet of Things Act or DIGIT Act.

2.

Findings; sense of Congress

(a)

Findings

Congress finds that—

(1)

the Internet of Things refers to the growing number of connected and interconnected devices;

(2)

estimates indicate that more than 50,000,000,000 devices will be connected by the year 2020;

(3)

the Internet of Things has the potential to generate trillions of dollars in economic opportunity;

(4)

businesses across the country can simplify logistics, cut costs, and pass savings on to consumers by utilizing the Internet of Things and related innovations derived from it;

(5)

the United States leads the world in the development of technologies that support the Internet, and the United States technology sector is well positioned to lead in the development of technologies for the Internet of Things;

(6)

the United States Government can implement this technology to better deliver services to the public; and

(7)

the Senate unanimously passed Senate Resolution 110, 114th Congress, agreed to March 24, 2015, a resolution calling for a national strategy for the development of the Internet of Things.

(b)

Sense of Congress

It is the sense of Congress that policies governing the Internet of Things should aim to maximize the potential and development of the Internet of Things to the benefit of stakeholders including businesses, governments, and consumers.

3.

Strategic planning for the Internet of Things

(a)

Definitions

In this section—

(1)

the term appropriate committees of Congress means—

(A)

the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate; and

(B)

the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives;

(2)

the term Commission means the Federal Communications Commission;

(3)

the term Secretary means the Secretary of Commerce; and

(4)

the term working group means the working group convened under subsection (b)(1).

(b)

Working group

(1)

In general

The Secretary shall convene a working group of Federal stakeholders to provide recommendations to Congress on how to appropriately plan for and encourage the proliferation of the Internet of Things in the United States.

(2)

Duties

The working group shall examine the following aspects of the Internet of Things:

(A)

Current and future spectrum needs.

(B)

The regulatory environment, including identification of sector-specific regulations, Federal grant practices, and budgetary or jurisdictional challenges.

(C)

Consumer protection.

(D)

Privacy and security.

(E)

The current use of the technology by Federal agencies and their preparedness to adopt it in the future.

(3)

Agency representatives

In convening the working group under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall have discretion to appoint representatives and shall specifically consider seeking representation from—

(A)

the Department of Transportation;

(B)

the Federal Communications Commission;

(C)

the Federal Trade Commission;

(D)

the National Science Foundation;

(E)

the Department of Commerce, including—

(i)

the National Telecommunications and Information Administration;

(ii)

the National Institute of Standards and Technology; and

(iii)

the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and

(F)

the Office of Science and Technology Policy.

(4)

Nongovernmental stakeholders

The working group shall consult with nongovernmental stakeholders, including—

(A)

key industry sectoral stakeholders and subject matter experts;

(B)

information and communications technology manufacturers, suppliers, and vendors;

(C)

small, medium, and large businesses;

(D)

consumer groups; and

(E)

other stakeholders with relevant expertise, as determined by the Secretary.

(5)

Recommendations to Congress

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the working group shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the findings and recommendations of the working group under this subsection.

(c)

Assessing spectrum needs To support the Internet of Things

(1)

In general

The Commission, in consultation with the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, shall conduct a study to evaluate the current and future spectrum needs of the Internet of Things.

(2)

Requirements

In conducting the study under paragraph (1), the Commission shall consider and evaluate—

(A)

whether there is adequate licensed and unlicensed spectrum availability to support the growing Internet of Things;

(B)

what regulatory barriers may exist to providing any needed licensed and unlicensed spectrum for the Internet of Things; and

(C)

what the role of licensed and unlicensed spectrum is in the growth of the Internet of Things.

(3)

Report

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Commission shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report containing recommendations relating to the study conducted under paragraph (1).

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Developing Innovation and Growing the Internet of Things Act or DIGIT Act.

2.

Findings; sense of Congress

(a)

Findings

Congress finds that—

(1)

the Internet of Things refers to the growing number of connected and interconnected devices;

(2)

estimates indicate that more than 50,000,000,000 devices will be connected to the Internet by the year 2020;

(3)

the Internet of Things has the potential to generate trillions of dollars in new economic activity around the world;

(4)

businesses across the country can develop new services and products, improve operations, simplify logistics, cut costs, and pass savings on to consumers by utilizing the Internet of Things and related innovations;

(5)

the United States leads the world in the development of technologies that support the Internet, and the United States technology sector is well-positioned to lead in the development of technologies for the Internet of Things;

(6)

the United States Government can implement this technology to better deliver services to the public; and

(7)

the United States Senate unanimously passed Senate Resolution 110, 114th Congress, agreed to March 24, 2015, calling for a national strategy for the development of the Internet of Things.

(b)

Sense of Congress

It is the sense of Congress that policies governing the Internet of Things should maximize the potential and development of the Internet of Things to benefit all stakeholders, including businesses, governments, and consumers.

3.

Definitions

In this Act:

(1)

Appropriate committees of Congress

The term appropriate committees of Congress means—

(A)

the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate; and

(B)

the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives.

(2)

Commission

The term Commission means the Federal Communications Commission.

(3)

Secretary

The term Secretary means the Secretary of Commerce.

(4)

Steering committee

The term steering committee means the steering committee established under section 4(e)(1).

(5)

Working group

The term working group means the working group convened under section 4(a).

4.

Federal working group

(a)

In general

The Secretary shall convene a working group of Federal stakeholders for the purpose of providing recommendations and a report to Congress related to the aspects of the Internet of Things described in subsection (b).

(b)

Duties

The working group shall—

(1)

identify any Federal regulations, statutes, grant practices, budgetary or jurisdictional challenges, and other sector-specific policies that are inhibiting or could inhibit the development of the Internet of Things;

(2)

consider policies or programs that encourage and improve coordination among Federal agencies with jurisdiction over the Internet of Things;

(3)

consider any findings or recommendations made by the steering committee and, where appropriate, act to implement those recommendations; and

(4)

examine—

(A)

how Federal agencies can benefit from utilizing the Internet of Things;

(B)

the current use of Internet of Things technology by Federal agencies; and

(C)

the preparedness and ability of Federal agencies to adopt Internet of Things technology in the future.

(c)

Agency representatives

In convening the working group under subsection (a), the Secretary shall have discretion to appoint representatives and shall specifically consider seeking representation from—

(1)

the Department of Commerce, including—

(A)

the National Telecommunications and Information Administration;

(B)

the National Institute of Standards and Technology; and

(C)

the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration;

(2)

the Department of Transportation;

(3)

the Department of Homeland Security;

(4)

the Office of Management and Budget;

(5)

the National Science Foundation;

(6)

the Federal Communications Commission;

(7)

the Federal Trade Commission; and

(8)

the Office of Science and Technology Policy.

(d)

Nongovernmental stakeholders

The working group shall consult with nongovernmental stakeholders, including—

(1)

the steering committee;

(2)

information and communications technology manufacturers, suppliers, service providers, and vendors;

(3)

subject matter experts representing industrial sectors other than the technology sector that can benefit from the Internet of Things, including the agriculture and health care sectors;

(4)

small, medium, and large businesses;

(5)

think tanks and academia;

(6)

nonprofits and consumer groups;

(7)

rural stakeholders; and

(8)

other stakeholders with relevant expertise, as determined by the Secretary.

(e)

Steering committee

(1)

Establishment

There is established within the Department of Commerce a steering committee to advise the working group.

(2)

Duties

The steering committee shall advise the working group with regard to—

(A)

the identification of any Federal regulations, statutes, grant practices, programs, budgetary or jurisdictional challenges, and other sector-specific policies that are inhibiting or could inhibit the development of the Internet of Things;

(B)

whether adequate spectrum is available to support the growing Internet of Things and what legal or regulatory barriers may exist to providing any spectrum needed in the future;

(C)

policies or programs that promote or are related to the privacy of individuals who use or are affected by the Internet of Things;

(D)

policies or programs that may enhance the security of the Internet of Things;

(E)

policies or programs that may protect users of the Internet of Things;

(F)

policies or programs that may encourage coordination among Federal agencies with jurisdiction over the Internet of Things;

(G)

the opportunities and challenges associated with the use of Internet of Things technology by small businesses; and

(H)

any international proceeding, international negotiation, or other international matter affecting the Internet of Things to which the United States is or should be a party.

(3)

Membership

The Secretary shall appoint to the steering committee members representing a wide range of stakeholders outside the Federal Government with expertise relating to the Internet of Things, including—

(A)

information and communications technology manufacturers, suppliers, service providers, and vendors;

(B)

subject matter experts representing industrial sectors other than the technology sector that can benefit from the Internet of Things, including the agriculture and health care sectors;

(C)

small, medium, and large businesses;

(D)

think tanks and academia;

(E)

nonprofits and consumer groups;

(F)

rural stakeholders; and

(G)

other stakeholders with relevant expertise, as determined by the Secretary.

(4)

Report

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the steering committee shall submit to the working group a report that includes any findings or recommendations of the steering committee.

(5)

Independent advice

(A)

In general

The steering committee shall set its own agenda in carrying out its duties under paragraph (2).

(B)

Suggestions

The working group may suggest topics or items for the steering committee to study, and the steering committee shall take such suggestions into consideration in carrying out its duties.

(C)

Report

The steering committee shall ensure that the report submitted under paragraph (4) is the result of the independent judgment of the steering committee.

(6)

Termination

The steering committee shall terminate on the date on which the working group submits the report under subsection (f) unless, on or before that date, the Secretary files a new charter for the steering committee in accordance with section 9(c) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.).

(f)

Report to Congress

Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the working group shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report that includes—

(1)

the findings and recommendations of the working group with respect to the duties of the working group under subsection (b);

(2)

the report submitted by the steering committee under subsection (e)(4), as the report was received by the working group;

(3)

recommendations for action or reasons for inaction, as applicable, on each recommendation made by the steering committee in the report submitted under subsection (e)(4); and

(4)

an accounting of any progress made by Federal agencies to implement recommendations made by the working group or the steering committee.

5.

Assessing spectrum needs

(a)

In general

The Commission, in consultation with the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, shall issue a notice of inquiry seeking public comment on the current and future spectrum needs of the Internet of Things.

(b)

Requirements

In issuing the notice of inquiry under subsection (a), the Commission shall seek comments that consider and evaluate—

(1)

whether adequate spectrum is available to support the growing Internet of Things;

(2)

what regulatory barriers may exist to providing any needed spectrum for the Internet of Things; and

(3)

what the role of licensed and unlicensed spectrum is and will be in the growth of the Internet of Things.

(c)

Report

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Commission shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report summarizing the comments submitted in response to the notice of inquiry issued under subsection (a).

Amend the title so as to read: A bill to ensure appropriate policies, planning, interagency coordination, and spectrum availability to support the Internet of Things..

September 27, 2016

Reported with an amendment and an amendment to the title