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H.J.Res. 53 (115th): Removing the deadline for the ratification of the equal rights amendment.

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About the resolution

134 nations contain constitutional provisions guaranteeing gender equality under the law. 80 percent of Americans incorrectly believe the U.S. Constitution already does. It does not.

Nevada may have just resuscitated the major political issue, which had remained largely dormant for decades. On March 22nd, 2017, in a currently symbolic move, Nevada voted to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), a U.S. constitutional amendment proposal that passed Congress in the 1970s.

However, the ERA fell three states short of the necessary 38 state ratifications by the 1982 deadline. With three of those missing states poised to ratify the amendment this year or next, legislation introduced in Congress would eliminate that 1982 deadline — potentially paving way for the amendment’s passage.

The context and what the bill does

The amendment, which states …

Sponsor and status

Jackie Speier

Sponsor. Representative for California's 14th congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Jan 31, 2017
Length: 2 pages
Jan 31, 2017
115th Congress (2017–2019)
Died in a previous Congress

This resolution was introduced on January 31, 2017, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.


167 Cosponsors (166 Democrats, 1 Republican)


Position statements

What legislators are saying

Alyssa Milano to Join Reps Speier, Maloney and ERA Coalition in Call for ERA
    — Rep. Jackie Speier [D-CA14, 2013-2022] (Sponsor) on Jun 5, 2018

Congresswoman Jackie Speier Statement on Illinois Ratifying the ERA
    — Rep. Jackie Speier [D-CA14, 2013-2022] (Sponsor) on May 31, 2018

Congresswoman Speier to Take 120 High School Girls on Field Trip to Rosie the Riveter Museum on Womens Equality Day
    — Rep. Jackie Speier [D-CA14, 2013-2022] (Sponsor) on Aug 23, 2017

More statements at ProPublica Represent...


Jan 31, 2017

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

H.J.Res. 53 (115th) was a joint resolution in the United States Congress.

A joint resolution is often used in the same manner as a bill. If passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and signed by the President, it becomes a law. Joint resolutions are also used to propose amendments to the Constitution.

Resolutions numbers restart every two years. That means there are other resolutions with the number H.J.Res. 53. This is the one from the 115th Congress.

This joint resolution was introduced in the 115th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2017 to Jan 3, 2019. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.J.Res. 53 — 115th Congress: Removing the deadline for the ratification of the equal rights amendment.” 2017. March 27, 2023 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.