H. R. 1475
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
March 9, 2017
Mrs. Carolyn B. Maloney of New York (for herself, Mr. Cummings, Mr. Meehan, Mr. King of New York, Ms. Kelly of Illinois, and Mr. Donovan) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary
To prevent gun trafficking.
This Act may be cited as the
Gun Trafficking Prevention Act of 2017.
Chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
Trafficking in firearms
Except as provided in subsection (b), it shall be unlawful for any person, in or affecting interstate commerce—
to purchase, attempt to purchase, or transfer a firearm, with the intent to deliver the firearm to another person who the transferor knows, or has reasonable cause to believe, is prohibited by Federal or State law from possessing a firearm;
in purchasing, attempting to purchase, or transferring a firearm, to intentionally provide false or misleading material information on a Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives firearms transaction record form; or
to knowingly direct, promote, or facilitate conduct that violates paragraph (1) or (2).
Subsection (a) shall not apply to a firearm that is—
lawfully acquired by a person to be given to another person not prohibited from possessing a firearm under Federal or State law as a gift; or
lawfully received or otherwise acquired by a court-appointed trustee, receiver, or conservator for, or on behalf of, an estate or creditor or by a person to carry out a bequest, or an acquisition by intestate succession under the laws of the State of residence of the person.
Any person who violates this section shall be fined under this title, imprisoned for not more than 20 years, or both.
If a violation of subsection (a) is committed by a person in concert with 5 or more other persons with respect to whom such person occupies a position of organizer, a supervisory position, or any other position of management, such person may be sentenced to an additional term of imprisonment of not more than 5 consecutive years.
Any person who conspires to commit an offense described in this section shall be fined under this title, imprisoned for not more than 10 years, or both.
Technical and conforming amendment
The table of sections for chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
932. Trafficking in firearms.
Directive to the sentencing commission
Pursuant to its authority under section 994(p) of title 28, United States Code, the United States Sentencing Commission shall review and, if appropriate, amend the Federal sentencing guidelines and policy statements applicable to persons convicted of offenses under section 932 of title 18, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)).
In carrying out this section, the Commission shall review the penalty structure that the guidelines currently provide based on the number of firearms involved in the offense and determine whether any changes to that penalty structure are appropriate in order to reflect the intent of Congress that such penalties reflect the gravity of the offense.