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H.R. 1638 (115th): Iranian Leadership Asset Transparency Act


H.R. 1638 requires the Department of Treasury to provide a report to help further efforts to prevent the financing of terrorism, money laundering, or related illicit finance and to help clarify for financial institutions and legitimate businesses ways they can comply with remaining sanctions. The legislation requires the Department of the Treasury to provide the report to the  Committees on Financial Services and Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committees on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs and Foreign Relations of the Senate

Specifically the report must include information on:

  • Funds or assets held in U.S. and foreign financial institutions that are directly or indirectly controlled by specified Iranian officials;
  • Any equity stake such officials have in an entity on Treasury’s list of Specially Designated Nationals or in any other sanctioned entity;
  • How such funds, assets, or equity interests were acquired and for what purpose they have been or might be used;
  • New methods used to evade anti-money laundering and related laws, including recommendations to improve techniques to combat illicit uses of the U.S. financial system by each such official;
  • Recommendations for revising U.S. economic sanctions against Iran to prevent Iranian officials from using funds or assets to develop and procure ballistic missile technology;
  • How Treasury assesses the effectiveness of U.S. economic sanctions against Iran; and
  • Recommendations for improving Treasury’s ability to develop and enforce additional economic sanctions against Iran if so ordered by the President.

The Treasury Department must submit the report within 270 days of the legislation’s enactment and then annually for the following two years. An unclassified portion of the report should be made available to the public and posted on the Treasury’s website in English, Farsi, Arabic, and Azeri versions.

Last updated Dec 10, 2017. Source: Republican Policy Committee

The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress, and was published on Dec 13, 2017.


Iranian Leadership Asset Transparency Act

(Sec. 3) This bill requires the Department of the Treasury, in furtherance of efforts to prevent terrorism financing, money laundering, or illicit finance and to make financial institutions' sanctions compliance more easily understood, to report to Congress within 270 days and annually thereafter for the next two years regarding:

the funds or assets held in U.S. and foreign financial institutions that are controlled by specified Iranian officials; any equity stake such official has in an entity on Treasury's list of Specially Designated Nationals or in any other sanctioned entity; how such funds, assets, or equity interests were acquired and used; new methods used to evade anti-money laundering and related laws, including recommendations to improve techniques to combat illicit uses of the U.S. financial system by each such official; recommendations for revising U.S. economic sanctions against Iran to prevent Iranian officials from using funds or assets to develop and procure ballistic missile technology; how Treasury assesses the effectiveness of U.S. economic sanctions against Iran; and recommendations for improving Treasury's ability to develop and enforce additional economic sanctions against Iran. The unclassified portion of the report shall be made available to the public and posted on Treasury's website in downloadable English, Farsi, Arabic, and Azeri versions.

(Sec. 4) It is the sense of Congress that in preparing the reports pursuant to this bill Treasury should consider acquiring information from sources that: (1) collect high-veracity official records; or (2) provide search and analysis tools that enable law enforcement to have new insights into commercial and financial relationships.