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H.R. 1822 (115th): Good Samaritan Health Professionals Act of 2017

The text of the bill below is as of Mar 30, 2017 (Introduced).


I

115th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 1822

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

March 30, 2017

introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce, and in addition to the Committee on the Judiciary, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

A BILL

To amend the Public Health Service Act to limit the liability of health care professionals who volunteer to provide health care services in response to a disaster.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Good Samaritan Health Professionals Act of 2017.

2.

Limitation on liability for volunteer health care professionals

(a)

In general

Title II of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 202 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 224 the following:

224A.

Limitation on liability for volunteer health care professionals

(a)

Limitation on liability

Except as provided in subsection (b), a health care professional shall not be liable under Federal or State law for any harm caused by an act or omission of the professional if—

(1)

the professional is serving as a volunteer for purposes of responding to a disaster; and

(2)

the act or omission occurs—

(A)

during the period of the disaster, as determined under the laws listed in subsection (e)(1);

(B)

in the health care professional’s capacity as such a volunteer; and

(C)

in a good faith belief that the individual being treated is in need of health care services.

(b)

Exceptions

Subsection (a) does not apply if—

(1)

the harm was caused by an act or omission constituting willful or criminal misconduct, gross negligence, reckless misconduct, or a conscious flagrant indifference to the rights or safety of the individual harmed by the health care professional; or

(2)

the health care professional rendered the health care services under the influence (as determined pursuant to applicable State law) of intoxicating alcohol or an intoxicating drug.

(c)

Standard of proof

In any civil action or proceeding against a health care professional claiming that the limitation in subsection (a) applies, the plaintiff shall have the burden of proving by clear and convincing evidence the extent to which limitation does not apply.

(d)

Preemption

(1)

In general

This section preempts the laws of a State or any political subdivision of a State to the extent that such laws are inconsistent with this section, unless such laws provide greater protection from liability.

(2)

Volunteer Protection Act

Protections afforded by this section are in addition to those provided by the Volunteer Protection Act of 1997.

(e)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

The term disaster means—

(A)

a national emergency declared by the President under the National Emergencies Act;

(B)

an emergency or major disaster declared by the President under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act; or

(C)

a public health emergency determined by the Secretary under section 319 of this Act.

(2)

The term harm includes physical, nonphysical, economic, and noneconomic losses.

(3)

The term health care professional means an individual who is licensed, certified, or authorized in one or more States to practice a health care profession.

(4)

The term State includes each of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, and any other territory or possession of the United States.

(5)
(A)

The term volunteer means a health care professional who, with respect to the health care services rendered, does not receive—

(i)

compensation; or

(ii)

any other thing of value in lieu of compensation, in excess of $500 per year.

(B)

For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term compensation

(i)

includes payment under any insurance policy or health plan, or under any Federal or State health benefits program; and

(ii)

excludes—

(I)

reasonable reimbursement or allowance for expenses actually incurred;

(II)

receipt of paid leave; and

(III)

receipt of items to be used exclusively for rendering the health services in the health care professional’s capacity as a volunteer described in subsection (a)(1).

.

(b)

Effective date

(1)

In general

This Act and the amendment made by subsection (a) shall take effect 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

(2)

Application

This Act applies to any claim for harm caused by an act or omission of a health care professional where the claim is filed on or after the effective date of this Act, but only if the harm that is the subject of the claim or the conduct that caused such harm occurred on or after such effective date.

3.

Sense of the congress

It is the sense of the Congress that—

(1)

Federal and State agencies and licensing boards should cooperate to facilitate the timely movement of properly licensed volunteer health care professionals to areas affected by a disaster; and

(2)

the appropriate licensing entities should verify the licenses of volunteer health care professionals serving disaster victims as soon as is reasonably practical following a disaster.