skip to main content

H.R. 2142 (115th): INTERDICT Act

About the bill

Source: Republican Policy Committee

H.R. 2142 provides U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) enhanced chemical screening devices and scientific support to detect and intercept fentanyl and other synthetic opioids. Specifically, this bill will ensure that CBP has additional portable chemical screening devices available at ports of entry and mail and express consignment facilities, and additional fixed chemical screening devices available in CBP laboratories.

Although prescription fentanyl can be misused, most fentanyl deaths are linked to illicitly manufactured fentanyl and illicit versions of chemically similar compounds known as fentanyl analogs.

The majority of fentanyl trafficked in the United States originates in Mexico or China. The drug is typically smuggled across the U.S. border or sent via mail or express consignment couriers. Fentanyl can also be ordered online. Because of its potency, fentanyl typically comes in …

Sponsor and status

Niki Tsongas

Sponsor. Representative for Massachusetts's 3rd congressional district. Democrat.

Read Text »
Last Updated: Dec 23, 2017
Length: 2 pages
Apr 25, 2017
115th Congress (2017–2019)

Enacted — Signed by the President on Jan 10, 2018

This bill was enacted after being signed by the President on January 10, 2018.

Pub.L. 115-112

18 Cosponsors (13 Democrats, 5 Republicans)


Position statements

What legislators are saying

House passes Tsongas, Fitzpatrick bipartisan anti-fentanyl bill
    — Rep. Niki Tsongas [D-MA3, 2013-2018] (Sponsor) on Oct 24, 2017

Fitzpatrick Urges Participation in Prescription Drug Takeback Program
    — Rep. Brian Fitzpatrick [R-PA1] (Co-sponsor) on Apr 26, 2018

Experts Agree With King: To Combat Opioids, End Sanctuary City Policies
    — Rep. Steve King [R-IA4, 2013-2020] on Feb 15, 2018

More statements at ProPublica Represent...

What stakeholders are saying

R Street Institute estimates H.R. 2142 will add $9 million in new spending.

Incorporated legislation

This bill incorporates provisions from:


Introduced on Mar 23, 2017. 77% incorporated. (compare text)


Apr 25, 2017

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

Sep 7, 2017
Ordered Reported

A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered further. Only about 1 in 4 bills are reported out of committee.

Sep 21, 2017
Reported by House Committee on Homeland Security

A committee issued a report on the bill, which often provides helpful explanatory background on the issue addressed by the bill and the bill's intentions.

Oct 24, 2017
Passed House (Senate next)

The bill was passed in a vote in the House. It goes to the Senate next.

Dec 21, 2017
Passed Senate

The bill was passed by both chambers in identical form. It goes to the President next who may sign or veto the bill. The vote was by Unanimous Consent so no record of individual votes was made.

Jan 10, 2018
Enacted — Signed by the President

The President signed the bill and it became law.

H.R. 2142 (115th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 2142. This is the one from the 115th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 115th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2017 to Jan 3, 2019. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 2142 — 115th Congress: INTERDICT Act.” 2017. January 28, 2023 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.