H. R. 2215
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
April 27, 2017
Mr. Perlmutter (for himself, Mr. Blumenauer, Mr. Coffman, Mr. Cohen, Mr. Conyers, Mr. Correa, Mr. Courtney, Ms. DeGette, Mr. Delaney, Ms. DelBene, Mr. Heck, Mr. Hunter, Ms. Jayapal, Mr. Kihuen, Ms. Lee, Mr. Lewis of Minnesota, Mr. Ted Lieu of California, Ms. McCollum, Mr. McGovern, Ms. Norton, Mr. Peters, Mr. Pocan, Mr. Polis, Mr. Rohrabacher, Mr. Schrader, Mr. Sherman, Mr. Swalwell of California, Ms. Titus, and Mr. Young of Alaska) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Financial Services, and in addition to the Committee on the Judiciary, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned
To create protections for depository institutions that provide financial services to cannabis-related legitimate businesses, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Secure And Fair Enforcement Banking Act of 2017 or the
SAFE Act of 2017.
Safe harbor for depository institutions
A Federal banking regulator may not—
terminate or limit the deposit insurance or share insurance of a depository institution under the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1811 et seq.) or the Federal Credit Union Act (12 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.) solely because the depository institution provides or has provided financial services to a cannabis-related legitimate business;
prohibit, penalize, or otherwise discourage a depository institution from providing financial services to a cannabis-related legitimate business or to a State or political subdivision of a State that exercises jurisdiction over cannabis-related legitimate businesses;
recommend, incentivize, or encourage a depository institution not to offer financial services to an account holder, or to downgrade or cancel the financial services offered to an account holder solely because—
the account holder is a manufacturer or producer, or is the owner, operator, or employee of a cannabis-related legitimate business;
the account holder later becomes an owner or operator of a cannabis-related legitimate business; or
the depository institution was not aware that the account holder is the owner or operator of a cannabis-related legitimate business; and
take any adverse or corrective supervisory action on a loan made to an owner or operator of—
a cannabis-related legitimate business, solely because the owner or operator owns or operates a cannabis-related legitimate business; or
real estate or equipment that is leased to a cannabis-related legitimate business, solely because the owner or operator of the real estate or equipment leased the equipment or real estate to a cannabis-related legitimate business.
Protections under Federal law
In a State or a political subdivision of a State that allows the cultivation, production, manufacture, sale, transportation, display, dispensing, distribution, or purchase of cannabis pursuant to a law or regulation of such State or political subdivision a depository institution that provides financial services to a cannabis-related legitimate business, and the officers, directors, and employees of that depository institution may not be held liable pursuant to any Federal law or regulation—
solely for providing such financial services pursuant to the law or regulation of such State or political subdivision; or
for further investing any income derived from such financial services.
A depository institution that has a legal interest in the collateral for a loan or another financial service provided to an owner or operator of a cannabis-related legitimate business, or to an owner or operator of real estate or equipment that is leased or sold to a cannabis-related legitimate business, shall not be subject to criminal, civil, or administrative forfeiture of that legal interest pursuant to any Federal law for providing such loan or other financial service.
Rule of construction
Nothing in this Act shall require a depository institution to provide financial services to a cannabis-related legitimate business.
Requirements for filing suspicious activity reports
Section 5318(g) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
Requirements for cannabis-related businesses
A financial institution or any director, officer, employee, or agent of a financial institution that reports a suspicious transaction pursuant to this subsection and the reason for the report relates to a cannabis-related legitimate business (as defined in section 6 of the Secure and Fair Enforcement Banking Act of 2017), the report shall comply with appropriate guidance issued by the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network. The Secretary shall ensure that the guidance is consistent with the purpose and intent of the Secure and Fair Enforcement Banking Act of 2017 and does not inhibit the provision of financial services to a cannabis-related legitimate business in a State or political subdivision of a State that has allowed the cultivation, production, manufacture, transportation, display, dispensing, distribution, sale, or purchase of cannabis pursuant to law or regulation of such State or political subdivision.
In this Act:
The term depository institution means—
a depository institution as defined in section 3(c) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813(c));
a Federal credit union as defined in section 101 of the Federal Credit Union Act (12 U.S.C. 1752); or
a State credit union as defined in section 101 of the Federal Credit Union Act (12 U.S.C. 1752).
Federal banking regulator
The term Federal banking regulator means each of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the National Credit Union Administration, or any Federal agency or department that regulates banking or financial services, as determined by the Secretary of the Treasury.
The term financial service means a financial product or service as defined in section 1002 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (12 U.S.C. 5481).
The term manufacturer means a person who manufactures, compounds, converts, processes, prepares, or packages cannabis or cannabis products.
Cannabis-related legitimate business
The term cannabis-related legitimate business means a manufacturer, producer, or any person that—
engages in an activity described in subparagraph (B) pursuant to a law or regulation of a State, political subdivision of a State, or a Tribal-State compact; or
participates in any business or organized activity that involves handling cannabis or cannabis products, including cultivating, producing, manufacturing, selling, transporting, displaying, dispensing, distributing, or purchasing cannabis or cannabis products.
The term cannabis has the meaning given the term marihuana in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802).
The term cannabis product means any article which contains cannabis, including an article which is a concentrate, an edible, a tincture, a cannabis-infused product, or a topical.
The term producer means a person who plants, cultivates, harvests, or in any way facilitates the natural growth of cannabis.
The term State means each of the several States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and any territory or possession of the United States.