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H.R. 257 (115th): Recognition of Jerusalem as the Capital of the State of Israel Act

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About the bill

The U.S. maintains embassies in almost every country around the world, virtually all of which are located in that nation’s capital. A 1995 law mandated that the U.S. move its Israeli embassy from Tel Aviv, Israel’s fourth-largest city of 250 thousand, to Jerusalem, its capital and largest city of 800 thousand. Yet in the 22 years since, the three presidents Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama all invoked a provision in the law that delays the move if they deem it in the national security interest.

Some in Congress have had enough and can’t wait any longer. S. 11, theJerusalem Embassy and Recognition Act, provides President-elect Donald Trump with an ultimatum. Either move the embassy to Jerusalem, or we drastically cut security for all embassies …

Sponsor and status

Trent Franks

Sponsor. Representative for Arizona's 8th congressional district. Republican.

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Last Updated: Jan 4, 2017
Length: 6 pages
Jan 4, 2017
115th Congress (2017–2019)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on January 4, 2017, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).


36 Cosponsors (35 Republicans, 1 Democrat)


Position statements

What legislators are saying

Chair of the Israel Allies Caucus Applauds President Trumps Historic and Long Overdue Decision to Recognize Jerusalem as Israels Capital and Move the U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem
    — Rep. Trent Franks [R-AZ8, 2013-2017] (Sponsor) on Dec 6, 2017

Rokita: Jerusalem is the Capital of Israel, the US Embassy Rightfully Belongs There
    — Rep. Todd Rokita [R-IN4, 2011-2018] (Co-sponsor) on Dec 6, 2017

Marchant Statement after the Dedication of the United States Embassy in Jerusalem
    — Rep. Kenny Marchant [R-TX24, 2005-2020] (Co-sponsor) on May 14, 2018

More statements at ProPublica Represent...


Jan 4, 2017

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

H.R. 257 (115th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 257. This is the one from the 115th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 115th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2017 to Jan 3, 2019. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 257 — 115th Congress: Recognition of Jerusalem as the Capital of the State of Israel Act.” 2017. January 24, 2022 <>

Where is this information from?

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