H. R. 2740
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
November 14, 2018
Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
To posthumously award a Congressional Gold Medal to Rabbi Michoel Ber Weissmandl in recognition of his acts of valor during World War II.
This Act may be cited as the
Rabbi Michoel Ber Weissmandl Congressional Gold Medal Act of 2017.
Congress finds the following:
Rabbi Michoel Ber Weissmandl was born in Hungary on October 25, 1903, later moving to Slovakia to study under Rabbi Shumel Dvoid Ungar in Nitra.
During his time in Nitra, he quickly became a senior figure within the local Jewish community and Yeshiva.
Weissmandl was responsible for some of the daring efforts to save the Jewish people of Slovakia from the Holocaust, which include the establishment of a
Working Group, an underground organization that raised funds to negotiate ransom with German and Slovakian officials in order to delay mass deportations.
During the Nazi regime, Weissmandl used his contacts from England to obtain visas, becoming one of the first to actively protect people of Jewish ancestry in Europe.
Weissmandl also wrote telegrams to generate awareness of the Jewish people’s plight and encouraged other strategic approaches to stop the Holocaust, including the bombing of railroad tunnels to prevent the transportation of persons to concentration camps.
Weissmandl established a Working Group—a wide variety of people from different political and ideological spectrums—whose common goal was to save people from the
The Working Group was one of the first to document in writing the accounts of Auschwitz Escapees in a document widely referred to as the
Weissmandl himself later translated the initial documentation from German to Hebrew and included a widely known addendum that pleaded for action.
Weissmandl wrote the first known appeal for the use of Allied air resources to disrupt the Holocaust.
In 1942 when Slovakia started deportation for
resettlement, Rabbi Weissmandl was the first to inform the Working Group that people were being murdered and not sent to work as originally claimed.
Rabbi Weissmandl also played an instrumental role in Solomon Schoenfeld Kindertransport rescue, helping save hundreds of lives.
Rabbi Weissmandl came to America and in 1945 immediately got to work to establish a home and Yeshiva for Holocaust survivors. The Yeshiva of Nitra he established in Mount Kisco, New York, was the first Yeshiva campus in America and became and example that other institutions followed.
Rabbi Weissmandl has significantly influenced the flourishing communities of Talmudic scholars in Brooklyn, New York, and generally across the United States.
Congressional gold medal
The Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President pro tempore of the Senate shall make appropriate arrangements for the presentation, on behalf of Congress, of a gold medal of appropriate design, to Rabbi Michoel Ber Weissmandl in recognition of his acts of valor during World War II.
Participation by Weissmandl Committee
For the purpose of the presentation referred to in subsection (a), the Speaker and President pro tempore shall ensure that the Weissmandl Committee may accept the medal on behalf of Michoel Ber Weissmandl.
Design and striking
For the purpose of the presentation referred to in subsection (a), the Secretary of the Treasury (hereinafter in this Act referred to as the
Secretary) shall strike a gold medal with suitable emblems, devices, and inscriptions to be determined by the Secretary.
Transfer of Medal After Presentation
Following the presentation of the gold medal in honor of Michoel Ber Weissmandl under subsection (a), the gold medal shall be given to Samuel Dovid Weissmandl or, should he not be present, to Rabbi Menachem Meir Weissmandl.
Under such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe, the Secretary may strike and sell duplicates in bronze of the gold medal struck pursuant to section 2 at a price sufficient to cover the cost of the bronze medals (including labor, materials, dies, use of machinery, and overhead expenses) and the cost of the gold medal.
The gold medal struck under this Act is a national medals for purposes of chapter 51 of title 31, United States Code.
For purposes of sections 5134 and 5136 of title 31, United States Code, all medals struck under this Act shall be considered to be numismatic items.
Passed the House of Representatives November 13, 2018.
Karen L. Haas,