H. R. 2842
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
To provide for the conduct of demonstration projects to test the effectiveness of subsidized employment for TANF recipients.
This Act may be cited as the
Accelerating Individuals into the Workforce Act.
Demonstration projects to support subsidized employment for TANF recipients to enter the workforce
Section 403 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 603) is amended by adding at the end the following:
Subsidized employment demonstration projects
The Secretary shall make grants to States to conduct demonstration projects, at least one of which shall fund programs that offer apprenticeships registered under the Act of August 16, 1937 (commonly known as the
National Apprenticeship Act; 50 Stat. 664, chapter 663; 29 U.S.C. 50 et seq.), designed to implement and evaluate strategies that provide wage subsidies to enable low-income individuals to enter into and retain employment in an in-demand industry sector or occupation identified by the appropriate State or local workforce development board.
The Secretary shall require each State that applies for a grant under this subsection to do the following:
Describe how wage subsidies will be provided (such as whether paid directly to the employer or the individual), the duration of the subsidies, the amount of the subsidies, the structure of the subsidies, and how employers will be recruited to participate in the subsidized employment program.
Describe how the State expects those participating in subsidized employment to be able to retain employment after the subsidy ends.
Describe how the State will coordinate subsidized employment funded under this subsection with other efforts to help low-income individuals, including individuals displaced or relocated from a public housing authority to an alternative public housing facility or placed on rental assistance, enter work as conducted by the State.
Describe how the State will coordinate subsidized employment funded under this subsection with the Federal Work-Study Program, career pathway (as defined in section 3(7) of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act) services, and other Federal programs to help low-income individuals complete education and training programs and enter the workforce.
Use of funds
A State to which a grant is made under this subsection may use the grant to subsidize the wages of an eligible recipient for a period not exceeding 12 months, and only to the extent that the total of the funds paid under this project and any other Federal funds so used with respect to the recipient does not exceed 50 percent of the amount of the wages received by the recipient during the period.
For purposes of subparagraph (A), an eligible recipient is—
a recipient of assistance under the State program funded under this part or any other State program funded with qualified State expenditures (as defined in section 409(a)(7)(B)(i)); or
a noncustodial parent of a minor child who is receiving assistance referred to in subclause (I);
who, at the time the subsidy begins, is unemployed; and
whose income, at that time, is less than 200 percent of the poverty line (as defined by the Office of Management and Budget, and revised annually in accordance with section 673(2) of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981 (42 U.S.C. 9902(2))).
A State to which a grant is made under this subsection shall ensure that no participant in a subsidized job program funded in whole or in part under this subsection is employed or assigned to a job under the program—
when any other individual is on layoff from the same or any substantially equivalent job; or
if the employer has terminated the employment of any regular employee or otherwise caused an involuntary reduction of its workforce in order to fill the vacancy so created with an adult described in paragraph (1).
A State with a program funded under this subsection shall establish and maintain a grievance procedure for resolving complaints of alleged violations of subparagraph (A).
Nothing in this paragraph shall preempt or supersede any provision of State or local law that provides greater protection for employees from displacement.
As a condition of receiving funds under this subsection for a fiscal year, a State shall submit to the Secretary, within 6 months after the end of the fiscal year, a report that—
specifies, for each month of the fiscal year, the number of individuals whose employment is subsidized with these funds and the percentage of such individuals whose employment is in an area that matches their previous training and work experience;
describes the structure of the State activities to use the funds to subsidize employment, including the amount and duration of the subsidies provided;
describes the State’s policies in effect during the fiscal year—
to ensure nondisplacement as required under paragraph (4)(A); and
to implement grievance procedures as required in (4)(B), including information on the number of grievance claims filed in the preceding fiscal year and the aggregate results of those claims;
specifies the percentage of eligible recipients who received a subsidy who are in unsubsidized employment during the second quarter after the subsidy ended;
specifies the percentage of eligible recipients who received a subsidy who are in unsubsidized employment during the fourth quarter after the subsidy ended;
specifies the median earnings of eligible recipients who received a subsidy who are in unsubsidized employment during the second quarter after the subsidy ended; and
specifies the number of eligible recipients who received a subsidy who concurrently received other Federal or State means-tested benefits during their subsidized employment.
The Secretary, in consultation with each State conducting a demonstration project, shall conduct a high-quality evaluation of the demonstration project, including an analysis of the project’s effect on eligible recipients who received additional credentialing and training during their subsidized employment or participation in an apprenticeship or career pathways program, and may reserve funds made available under this subsection to conduct the evaluation in accordance with the following:
The Secretary may not enter into a contract with an evaluator unless the evaluator has demonstrated experience in conducting rigorous evaluations of program effectiveness including, where available and appropriate, well-implemented randomized controlled trials.
Methodologies to be used
The evaluation of a demonstration project shall use experimental designs using random assignment or other reliable, evidence-based research methodologies that allow for the strongest possible causal inferences when random assignment is not feasible.
The Secretary shall publish the results of the evaluation on the website of the Department of Health and Human Services in a location easily accessible by the public.
Recommendations to Congress
The Secretary shall submit recommendations to the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance of the Senate on how to increase the employment, retention, and advancement of individuals currently or formerly receiving assistance under a State program funded under this part or any other State program funded with qualified State expenditures (as defined in section 409(a)(7)(B)(i)). Such recommendations shall include recommendations on the effects of additional credentialing and training provided during subsidized employment or participation in an apprenticeship or career pathways program. Such recommendations shall include recommendations on how to address employment-related challenges in rural areas and among members of federally recognized Indian tribes.
Of the amounts made available to carry out subsection (b) for fiscal year 2018, the Secretary shall reserve $100,000,000 to carry out this subsection.
Use of certain funds for career pathway programs
The Secretary shall use 15 percent of the amounts reserved to carry out this subsection, to fund programs that offer career pathway (as defined in section 3(7) of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act) services.
Availability of funds
Funds provided to a State under this subsection in a fiscal year shall be expended by the State in the fiscal year or in the succeeding fiscal year.
The amendment made by this Act shall take effect on October 1, 2017.
Passed the House of Representatives June 23, 2017.
Karen L. Haas,