H. R. 2872
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
June 12, 2017
Mr. Bucshon introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce
To amend the Federal Power Act to promote hydropower development at existing nonpowered dams, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Promoting Hydropower Development at Existing Nonpowered Dams Act.
Promoting hydropower development at existing nonpowered dams
Part I of the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 792 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:
Promoting hydropower development at existing nonpowered dams
Exemptions for qualifying facilities
Subject to the requirements of this subsection, the Commission may grant an exemption in whole or in part from the requirements of this part, including any license requirements contained in this part, to any facility the Commission determines is a qualifying facility.
Consultation with Federal and State agencies
In granting any exemption under this subsection, the Commission shall consult with—
the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, the National Marine Fisheries Service, and the State agency exercising administrative control over the fish and wildlife resources of the State in which the facility will be located, in the manner provided by the Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act;
any Federal department supervising any public lands or reservations occupied by the project; and
any Indian tribe affected by the project.
The Commission shall include in any exemption granted under this subsection only such terms and conditions that the Commission determines are—
necessary to protect public safety; or
reasonable, economically feasible, and essential to prevent loss of or damage to, or to mitigate adverse effects on, fish and wildlife resources directly caused by the construction and operation of the qualifying facility, as compared to the environmental baseline existing at the time the Commission grants the exemption.
No changes to release regime
No Federal authorization required with respect to a qualifying facility, including an exemption granted by the Commission under this subsection, may include any condition or other requirement that results in any material change to the storage, control, withdrawal, diversion, release, or flow operations of the associated qualifying nonpowered dam.
The Commission’s environmental review under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 of a proposed exemption under this subsection shall consist only of an environmental assessment, unless the Commission determines, by rule or order, that the Commission’s obligations under such Act for granting exemptions under this subsection can be met through a categorical exclusion.
Violation of terms of exemption
Any violation of a term or condition of any exemption granted under this subsection shall be treated as a violation of a rule or order of the Commission under this Act.
Annual charges for enhancement activities
Exemptees under this subsection for any facility located at a non-Federal dam shall pay to the United States reasonable annual charges in an amount to be fixed by the Commission for the purpose of funding environmental enhancement projects in watersheds in which facilities exempted under this subsection are located. Such annual charges shall be equivalent to the annual charges for use of a Government dam under section 10(e), unless the Commission determines, by rule, that a lower charge is appropriate to protect exemptees’ investment in the project or avoid increasing the price to consumers of power due to such charges. The proceeds of charges made by the Commission under this paragraph shall be paid into the Treasury of the United States and credited to miscellaneous receipts. Subject to annual appropriation Acts, such proceeds shall be available to Federal and State fish and wildlife agencies for purposes of carrying out specific environmental enhancement projects in watersheds in which one or more facilities exempted under this subsection are located. Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this section, the Commission shall establish rules, after notice and opportunity for public comment, for the collection and administration of annual charges under this paragraph.
Effect of jurisdiction
The jurisdiction of the Commission over any qualifying facility exempted under this subsection shall extend only to the qualifying facility exempted and any associated primary transmission line, and shall not extend to any conduit, dam, impoundment, shoreline or other land, or any other project work associated with the qualifying facility exempted under this subsection.
For purposes of this section:
The term Federal authorization—
means any authorization required under Federal law with respect to an application for a license, license amendment, or exemption under this part; and
includes any permits, special use authorizations, certifications, opinions, or other approvals as may be required under Federal law to approve or implement the license, license amendment, or exemption under this part.
The term qualifying criteria means, with respect to a facility—
as of the date of enactment of this section, the facility is not licensed under, or exempted from the license requirements contained in, this part;
the facility will be associated with a qualifying nonpowered dam;
the facility will be constructed, operated, and maintained for the generation of electric power;
the facility will use for such generation any withdrawals, diversions, releases, or flows from the associated qualifying nonpowered dam, including its associated impoundment or other infrastructure; and
the operation of the facility will not result in any material change to the storage, control, withdrawal, diversion, release, or flow operations of the associated qualifying nonpowered dam.
The term qualifying facility means a facility that is determined under this section to meet the qualifying criteria.
Qualifying nonpowered dam
The term qualifying nonpowered dam means any dam, dike, embankment, or other barrier—
the construction of which was completed on or before the date of enactment of this section;
that is operated for the control, release, or distribution of water for agricultural, municipal, navigational, industrial, commercial, environmental, recreational, aesthetic, or flood control purposes;
that, as of the date of enactment of this section, is not equipped with hydropower generating works that are licensed under, or exempted from the license requirements contained in, this part; and
that, in the case of a non-Federal dam, has been certified by an independent consultant approved by the Commission as complying with the Commission’s dam safety requirements.