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H.R. 2905: Justice for Victims of IRS Scams and Identity Theft Act of 2018

H.R. 2905 will require the Attorney General and the Secretary of the Treasury to report to Congress on efforts to combat identity theft, including by persons purporting to be acting on behalf of the Internal Revenue Service.

A sophisticated phone scam targeting taxpayers, including recent immigrants, has occurred in recent years. Callers claim to be IRS employees, using fake names and bogus IRS identification badge numbers. Some callers know personal information about their targets, and they usually alter the caller ID to make it look like the IRS is calling. Victims are told they owe money to the IRS and it must be paid promptly through a gift card or wire transfer. Victims may be threatened with arrest, deportation or suspension of a business or driver’s license. In many cases, the caller becomes hostile and insulting. Victims may be told they have a refund due to try to trick them into sharing private information. If the phone isn't answered, the scammers often leave an “urgent” callback request.

Last updated Apr 16, 2018. Source: Republican Policy Committee

The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress, and was published on Jun 15, 2017.


Justice for Victims of IRS Scams and Identity Theft Act of 2017

This bill directs the Department of Justice (DOJ) to establish procedures to expedite the review of, and seek an indictment in, any case involving identity theft or aggravated identity theft by an individual who impersonates an employee or officer of the Internal Revenue Service.

DOJ must submit to Congress and publish a report that contains certain information on the status of prosecutions for such offenses.