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H.R. 3004: Kate’s Law

The text of the bill below is as of Jul 10, 2017 (Received by the Senate).

Source: GPO

II

115th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 3004

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

July 10, 2017

Received

AN ACT

To amend section 276 of the Immigration and Nationality Act relating to reentry of removed aliens.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as Kate’s Law.

2.

Illegal reentry

Section 276 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1326) is amended to read as follows:

276.

Reentry of removed alien

(a)

Reentry after removal

Any alien who has been denied admission, excluded, deported, or removed, or who has departed the United States while an order of exclusion, deportation, or removal is outstanding, and subsequently enters, attempts to enter, crosses the border to, attempts to cross the border to, or is at any time found in the United States, shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, imprisoned not more than 2 years, or both.

(b)

Reentry of criminal offenders

Notwithstanding the penalty provided in subsection (a), if an alien described in that subsection was convicted before such removal or departure—

(1)

for 3 or more misdemeanors or for a felony, the alien shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both;

(2)

for a felony for which the alien was sentenced to a term of imprisonment of not less than 30 months, the alien shall be fined under such title, imprisoned not more than 15 years, or both;

(3)

for a felony for which the alien was sentenced to a term of imprisonment of not less than 60 months, the alien shall be fined under such title, imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both; or

(4)

for murder, rape, kidnapping, or a felony offense described in chapter 77 (relating to peonage and slavery) or 113B (relating to terrorism) of such title, or for 3 or more felonies of any kind, the alien shall be fined under such title, imprisoned not more than 25 years, or both.

(c)

Reentry after repeated removal

Any alien who has been denied admission, excluded, deported, or removed 3 or more times and thereafter enters, attempts to enter, crosses the border to, attempts to cross the border to, or is at any time found in the United States, shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both.

(d)

Proof of prior convictions

The prior convictions described in subsection (b) are elements of the crimes described, and the penalties in that subsection shall apply only in cases in which the conviction or convictions that form the basis for the additional penalty are—

(1)

alleged in the indictment or information; and

(2)

proven beyond a reasonable doubt at trial or admitted by the defendant.

(e)

Affirmative defenses

It shall be an affirmative defense to a violation of this section that—

(1)

prior to the alleged violation, the alien had sought and received the express consent of the Secretary of Homeland Security to reapply for admission into the United States; or

(2)

with respect to an alien previously denied admission and removed, the alien—

(A)

was not required to obtain such advance consent under the Immigration and Nationality Act or any prior Act; and

(B)

had complied with all other laws and regulations governing the alien’s admission into the United States.

(f)

Limitation on collateral attack on underlying removal order

In a criminal proceeding under this section, an alien may not challenge the validity of any prior removal order concerning the alien.

(g)

Reentry of alien removed prior to completion of term of imprisonment

Any alien removed pursuant to section 241(a)(4) who enters, attempts to enter, crosses the border to, attempts to cross the border to, or is at any time found in, the United States shall be incarcerated for the remainder of the sentence of imprisonment which was pending at the time of deportation without any reduction for parole or supervised release unless the alien affirmatively demonstrates that the Secretary of Homeland Security has expressly consented to the alien’s reentry. Such alien shall be subject to such other penalties relating to the reentry of removed aliens as may be available under this section or any other provision of law.

(h)

Definitions

For purposes of this section and section 275, the following definitions shall apply:

(1)

Crosses the border to the United States

The term crosses the border refers to the physical act of crossing the border, regardless of whether the alien is free from official restraint.

(2)

Felony

The term felony means any criminal offense punishable by a term of imprisonment of more than 1 year under the laws of the United States, any State, or a foreign government.

(3)

Misdemeanor

The term misdemeanor means any criminal offense punishable by a term of imprisonment of not more than 1 year under the applicable laws of the United States, any State, or a foreign government.

(4)

Removal

The term removal includes any denial of admission, exclusion, deportation, or removal, or any agreement by which an alien stipulates or agrees to exclusion, deportation, or removal.

(5)

State

The term State means a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, and any commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States.

.

Passed the House of Representatives June 29, 2017.

Karen L. Haas,

Clerk.