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H.R. 3006: School Food Modernization Act

The text of the bill below is as of Jun 22, 2017 (Introduced).


I

115th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 3006

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

June 22, 2017

(for himself, Mr. DeSaulnier, and Mr. Thompson of Pennsylvania) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and the Workforce, and in addition to the Committees on Agriculture, and Appropriations, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

A BILL

To amend the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act to require the Secretary of Agriculture to make loan guarantees and grants to finance certain improvements to school lunch facilities, to train school food service personnel, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the School Food Modernization Act.

2.

Loan guarantees and grants to finance certain improvements to school lunch facilities

The Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act is amended by inserting after section 26 (42 U.S.C. 1769g) the following:

27.

Loan guarantees and grants to finance certain improvements to school lunch facilities

(a)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

Durable equipment

The term durable equipment means durable food preparation, handling, cooking, serving, and storage equipment greater than $500 in value.

(2)

Eligible entity

The term eligible entity means—

(A)

a local educational agency or a school food authority administering or operating a school lunch program;

(B)

a tribal organization; or

(C)

a consortium that includes a local educational agency or school food authority described in subparagraph (A), a tribal organization, or both.

(3)

Infrastructure

The term infrastructure means a food storage facility, kitchen, food service facility, cafeteria, dining room, or food preparation facility.

(4)

Local educational agency

The term local educational agency has the meaning given the term in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).

(5)

School food authority

The term school food authority has the meaning given the term in section 210.2 of title 7, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulation).

(6)

Tribal organization

The term tribal organization has the meaning given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304).

(b)

Loan guarantees for assistance to schools for infrastructure improvements and durable equipment necessary To provide healthy meals through school lunch programs

(1)

Authority to guarantee loans

The Secretary shall issue a loan guarantee to an eligible entity for purposes of financing the construction, remodeling, or expansion of infrastructure or the purchase of durable equipment that the Secretary determines will assist the eligible entity in providing healthy meals through a school lunch program.

(2)

Competitive basis

Subject to paragraph (3), the Secretary shall select eligible entities to receive a loan guarantee under this subsection on a competitive basis.

(3)

Preferences

In issuing a loan guarantee under this subsection, the Secretary shall give a preference to an eligible entity that, as compared with other eligible entities seeking a loan guarantee under this subsection, the Secretary determines demonstrates substantial or disproportionate—

(A)

need for infrastructure improvement; or

(B)

durable equipment need or impairment.

(4)

Oversight

The Secretary shall establish procedures to enable the Secretary to oversee the construction, remodeling, or expansion of infrastructure or the purchase of durable equipment for which a loan guarantee is issued under this subsection.

(5)

Guarantee amount

A loan guarantee issued under this subsection may not guarantee more than 80 percent of the principal amount of the loan.

(6)

Fees

The Secretary shall establish fees with respect to loan guarantees under this subsection that, as determined by the Secretary—

(A)

are sufficient to cover all the administrative costs to the Federal Government for the operation of the program;

(B)

may be in the form of an application or transaction fee, or interest rate adjustment; and

(C)

may be based on the risk premium associated with the loan or loan guarantee, taking into consideration—

(i)

the price of Treasury obligations of a similar maturity;

(ii)

prevailing market conditions;

(iii)

the ability of the eligible infrastructure project to support the loan guarantee; and

(iv)

the total amount of the loan guarantee.

(7)

Funding

(A)

In general

To provide loan guarantees under this subsection, the Secretary shall reserve $300,000,000 of the loan guarantee authority remaining and unobligated as of the date of enactment of the School Food Modernization Act under the program of community facility guaranteed loans under section 306(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)).

(B)

Technical assistance

The Secretary may use not more than 5 percent of the amount made available to carry out this subsection for each fiscal year to provide technical assistance to applicants and prospective applicants in preparing applications and creating financing packages that leverage a mix of public and private funding sources.

(c)

Equipment grants

(1)

Authority to make grants

Beginning in fiscal year 2017 and subject to the availability of appropriations, the Secretary shall make grants, on a competitive basis, to eligible entities to assist the eligible entities in purchasing the durable equipment and infrastructure needed to serve healthier meals and improve food safety.

(2)

Priority

In awarding grants under this subsection, the Secretary shall give priority to—

(A)

eligible entities in States that have enacted comparable statutory grant funding mechanisms or that have otherwise appropriated funds to assist eligible entities in purchasing the durable equipment and infrastructure needed to serve healthier meals and improve food safety, as determined by the Secretary; and

(B)

eligible entities that have identified and are reasonably expected to meet an unmet local or community need, including through—

(i)

a public-private partnership or partnership with a food pantry or other low-income assistance agency; or

(ii)

the provision for or allowance of kitchen or cafeteria usage by related or outside community organizations.

(3)

Federal share

(A)

In general

The Federal share of costs for assistance funded through a grant awarded under this subsection shall not exceed 80 percent of the total cost of the durable equipment or infrastructure.

(B)

Matching

As a condition on receiving a grant under this subsection, an eligible entity shall provide matching support in the form of cash or in-kind contributions.

(C)

Waiver

The Secretary may waive or vary the requirements of subparagraphs (A) and (B) if the Secretary determines that undue hardship or effective exclusion from participation in the grant program under this subsection would otherwise result.

(4)

Authorization of appropriations

(A)

In general

There are authorized to be appropriated $25,000,000 to carry out this subsection for each of fiscal years 2017 through 2022.

(B)

Technical assistance

The Secretary may use not more than 5 percent of the amount made available to carry out this subsection for each fiscal year to provide technical assistance to applicants and prospective applicants in preparing applications and creating financing packages that leverage a mix of public and private funding sources.

.

3.

Training and technical assistance for school food service personnel

The Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act is amended by inserting after section 21 (42 U.S.C. 1769b–1) the following:

21A.

Training and technical assistance for school food service personnel

(a)

In general

The Secretary shall carry out a grant program under which the Secretary shall award grants, on a competitive basis, to provide support to eligible third-party training institutions described in subsection (b) to develop and administer training and technical assistance for school food service personnel to meet nutrition standards under section 4(b)(3) and improve efficacy and efficiency of the school lunch program under this Act and the school breakfast program established by section 4 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1773).

(b)

Eligible Third-Party Institutions Defined

For purposes of this section, the term eligible third-party institution means—

(1)

a nonprofit organization with demonstrated experience in food or nutrition services training and technical assistance;

(2)

an institution of higher education as defined in section 102 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002);

(3)

an area career and technical education school as defined in section 3 of the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 2302); or

(4)

a consortium of entities described in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3).

(c)

Criteria for eligible third-Party institutions

The Secretary shall establish specific criteria that eligible third-party training institutions shall meet to qualify to receive grants under this section, which shall include—

(1)

a demonstrated capacity to administer effective training and technical assistance programming to school food service personnel;

(2)

prior, successful experience in providing or engaging in training and technical assistance programming or applied research activities involving eligible entities, school food service administrators, or directors;

(3)

prior, successful experience in developing relevant educational training tools or course materials or curricula on topics addressing child and school nutrition or the updated nutrition standards under section 4(b)(3); and

(4)

the ability to deliver effective and cost-efficient training and technical assistance programming to school food service personnel—

(A)

at training sites that are located within a proximate geographic distance to schools, central kitchens, or other worksites; or

(B)

through an online training and assistance program on topics that do not require in-person attendance.

(d)

Program assistance

The Secretary shall assist the institutions receiving grants under this section in publicizing and disseminating training and other project materials and online tools to the maximum extent practicable.

(e)

Federal share

(1)

In general

The Federal share of costs for training and technical assistance funded through a grant awarded under this section shall not exceed 80 percent of the total cost of the training and technical assistance.

(2)

Matching

As a condition of receiving a grant under this section, the eligible third-party training institution shall provide matching support in the form of cash or in-kind contributions.

(f)

Oversight

The Secretary shall establish procedures to enable the Secretary—

(1)

to oversee the administration and operation of training and technical assistance funded through grants awarded under this section; and

(2)

to ensure that the training and assistance is operated consistent with the goals and requirements of this Act.

(g)

Authorization of appropriations

(1)

In general

There are authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000 to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 2017 through 2022.

(2)

Technical assistance

The Secretary may use not more than 5 percent of the amount made available to carry out this section for each fiscal year to provide technical assistance to applicants and prospective applicants in preparing applications and creating financing packages that leverage a mix of public and private funding sources.

.

4.

Report to Congress

Not later than 1 year after funds are made available to carry out sections 21A and 27 of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (as added by this Act), and annually thereafter, the Secretary of Agriculture shall submit to Congress a report on the progress of the Secretary in implementing such sections.

5.

Study and report to Congress on the use of State administrative expense funds

(a)

Study

The Secretary of Agriculture shall conduct a study on—

(1)

the use of State administrative expense funds by State agencies;

(2)

innovative, effective, replicable, model policies, practices, and training methods that may be implemented using State administrative expense funds;

(3)

factors that interfere with the ability of State agencies to use State administrative expense funds effectively; and

(4)

how State administrative expense funds may be used to encourage the implementation of effective and consistent school nutrition workforce training, with particular emphasis on training and technical assistance to improve the implementation of nutrition standards for all foods sold in schools including—

(A)

nutrition standards for foods sold in schools other than foods provided under the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 and the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act;

(B)

local school wellness policies;

(C)

updated professional standards for school nutrition professionals; and

(D)

other school food service practices, standards, and operational requirements as the Secretary may identify as requiring additional assistance.

(b)

Development and use of assessment tool

(1)

In General

The Secretary of Agriculture shall develop an assessment tool for the purpose of carrying out the study under subsection (a). Such tool shall include a general methodology for evaluating effectiveness of State agencies in providing training and technical assistance using State administrative expense funds.

(2)

Coordination with other Entities

In developing the assessment tool under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider public research, stakeholder input, and direct feedback from school nutrition personnel.

(c)

Report to Congress

Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall prepare and submit to the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate and the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives a report containing—

(1)

a summary of the study conducted under subsection (a);

(2)

any findings and recommendations resulting from such study;

(3)

a plan for disseminating to State agencies best practices on the use of State administrative expense funds for training and technical assistance; and

(4)

recommendations, if any, for the ongoing monitoring and improvement of training and technical assistance carried out by State agencies using State administrative expense funds.

(d)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

State administrative expense funds

The term State administrative expense funds means the State administrative expense funds described in part 235 of title 7, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulation).

(2)

State agency

The term State agency has the meaning given the term in section 235.2 of title 7, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulation).

6.

Offset

Of the unobligated balance available for administrative expenses of the Department of Education, $35,000,000 is rescinded.