H.R. 3180 authorizes appropriations for intelligence and intelligence-related activities of the U.S. government for fiscal year 2018. The bill authorizes funds for the intelligence and intelligence-related activities of the: Office of the Director of National Intelligence; Central Intelligence Agency; Department of Defense; Defense Intelligence Agency; National Security Agency; the Departments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force; Coast Guard; Department of State; Department of Treasury; Department of Energy; Department of Justice; Federal Bureau of Investigation; Drug Enforcement Administration; National Reconnaissance Office; National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency; and, the Department of Homeland Security. The amounts authorized by the bill for these elements for the conduct of intelligence activities are specified in a classified schedule of authorizations, which is incorporated by Section 102 of the bill, and explained in in a classified annex. Both the schedule of authorizations and accompanying classified annex have been available for Members to review since the bill was reported on July 13. H.R. 3180 makes no changes to any surveillance authorities, including those set to expire later this year, which will be addressed in separate legislation. Select provisions of the unclassified portion of H.R. 3180 are as follows:
Intelligence Community Management Account (ICMA): The bill authorizes approximately $527 million for the ICMA. The ICMA provides fundingfor the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) to manage the intelligence community.
CIA Retirement and Disability System: The bill authorizes $514 million for the CIA Retirement and Disability Fund for fiscal year 2018.
Contractors: The bill prohibits the head of an element of the Intelligence Community from preventing a contractor from contacting or meeting with the congressional intelligence committees.
National Security Agency: The bill requires the General Counsel of the National Security Agency to be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The change shall apply to any person appointed after January 21, 2021.
Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) Responsibilities: Section 412 requires some functions currently performed by the DIA to be transferred to other agencies. This will allow DIA to fully focus on its mission of providing intelligence on foreign militaries and operating environments. Specifically, the bill transfers the Information Review Task Force and the Watchlisting Branch to the the Joint Staff, eliminates the Identity Intelligence Project Office and the Counter-Threat Finance Program, and transfers the National Intelligence University to the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) effective October 2020.
Russia: The DNI is required to provide a report containing an analytical assessment of the most significant Russian influence campaigns, if any, conducted in the last 3 years. The DNI is also required to provide a report containing an assessment of threat finance relating to Russia. Further, the DNI is required to make publicly available an advisory report on foreign counterintelligence and cybersecurity threats to election campaigns for federal offices.
Reports: The bill also requires reports on the following: investigations of unauthorized public disclosures of classified information; security clearance processing times; expanding CIA’s protective services jurisdiction; national security risks associated with foreign investments; the potential of a voluntary cyber exchange program between the IC and private technology companies; and practices and procedures relating to whistleblower matters.
The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress, and was published on Jul 28, 2017.
(This measure has not been amended since it was reported to the House on July 28, 2017. The summary of that version is repeated here.)
Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018
TITLE I-- INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES
(Sec. 101) This bill authorizes FY2018 appropriations for the conduct of intelligence and intelligence-related activities in the:
Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI); Central Intelligence Agency (CIA); Department of Defense (DOD);Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA); National Security Agency (NSA); Departments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force; Coast Guard; Departments of State, the Treasury, Energy (DOE), Justice (DOJ), and Homeland Security (DHS); Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI); Drug Enforcement Administration; National Reconnaissance Office (NRO); and National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA). (Sec. 102) The amounts authorized and the authorized personnel ceilings are those in the classified Schedule of Authorizations, which shall be made available to the congressional appropriations committees and the President.(Sec. 103) The ODNI, if it provides prior notice to Congress, may authorize employment of civilian personnel over the number authorized for FY2018 if necessary for the performance of important intelligence functions.The ODNI must establish guidelines to govern the treatment under such authorized personnel levels of employment or assignment in: (1) a student or trainee program; (2) a reserve corps or as a reemployed annuitant; or (3) details, joint duty, or long-term, full-time training.
(Sec. 104) The bill authorizes FY2018 appropriations for the ODNI's Intelligence Community Management Account. Additional funds identified in the classified schedule for advanced research and development shall remain available until September 30, 2019.
TITLE II--CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM
(Sec. 201) This title authorizes FY2018 appropriations for the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability Fund.
(Sec. 202) The bill amends several annuity provisions in the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement Act.
TITLE III--GENERAL INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MATTERS
(Sec. 301) Appropriations authorized by this bill shall not be deemed to constitute authority to conduct any intelligence activity not otherwise authorized by the Constitution or U.S. laws.
(Sec. 302) Appropriations authorized by this bill for salary, pay, retirement, and other benefits for federal employees may be increased as necessary for increases in such compensation or benefits authorized by law.
(Sec. 303) The bill amends the National Security Act of 1947 to give Congress oversight of contractors in the intelligence community.
(Sec. 304) The term "audit" is changed to "review" with regards to assessments of the effectiveness of enhanced personnel security programs, which relate to implementing security clearances of employees in the intelligence community.
TITLE IV--MATTERS RELATING TO ELEMENTS OF THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY
Subtitle A--Office of the Director of National Intelligence
(Sec. 401) The Central Intelligence Agency Act of 1949 is expanded to allow armed CIA personnel in the United States to protect current and former personnel of the ODNI and their immediate families.
(Sec. 402) The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 is amended by: (1) substituting the ODNI for the President in relation to information sharing about terrorism among the private sector and federal, state, local, and tribal entities; and (2) giving the ODNI authority to designate the program manager responsible for information sharing across the federal government.Subtitle B--Other Elements
(Sec. 411) The National Security Agency Act of 1959 is amended by: (1) requiring that the NSA Director be a civilian and not serving on active duty in the Armed Forces, and (2) creating the position of NSA General Counsel, who shall be appointed by the President.
(Sec. 412) The DIA shall transfer all functions and responsibilities of: (1) the Information Review Task Force and the Watchlisting Branch to the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and (2) the National Intelligence University to the ODNI.
The DIA shall eliminate the Identity Intelligence Project Office and the Counter Threat Finance analysis function.
The DIA, ODNI, and DOD shall report about the National Center for Credibility Assessment relating to the functions, current organizational effectiveness as part of the DIA, current oversight effectiveness, and resources needed for future effectiveness.
The DIA, ODNI, and Joint Chiefs of Staff shall report about the Underground Facilities Analysis Center relating to its functions, ability to meet the needs of the intelligence community, current effectiveness, current oversight, and resources needed for future effectiveness.
(Sec. 413) Technical corrections to the Atomic Energy Defense Act and National Security Act of 1947 make references to the DOE's Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence uniform.
TITLE V--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES
(Sec. 501) The ODNI must report an analysis of the most significant Russian influence campaigns in foreign elections or referendums during the past three years. The report shall include: (1) the goal and methods of each campaign, (2) a summary of any defenses or responses employed and their effectiveness, and (3) a summary of relevant activities by the intelligence community undertaken to assist foreign governments in defending or responding to Russian influence campaigns and their effectiveness.
(Sec. 502) The ODNI, in coordination with DHS and FBI, shall provide publicly online a report about foreign counterintelligence and cybersecurity threats to elections for federal offices. The report shall include a description of the threats, and the best practices and any available resources for election campaigns to counter such threats.
If the FBI and DHS determine a specific election campaign is under heightened threat, then that campaign may be given additional information.
(Sec. 503) The ODNI must submit an assessment about the financing of threat activity by Russia. Threat activity includes the financing of cyber operations, global intelligence campaigns, proliferation, terrorism, and transnational crime and drug organizations. Finance activity includes the methods and entities used to evade sanctions or to spend, store, move, raise, or conceal money or items of value on behalf of threat actors.
TITLE VI--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS
(Sec. 601) The Foreign Service Act of 1980 is amended to: (1) restrict to six years the length of a posting for a Foreign Service member, and (2) require Foreign Service members who receive certain foreign language training to serve three successive tours in positions where the specified language is needed.
(Sec. 602) The National Security Act of 1947 is amended to require each head of an intelligence element and inspectors general with oversight of an intelligence element to provide semiannual reports about unauthorized public disclosures of classified information to journalists. The reports from each head and inspector general shall include the numbers of investigations opened, closed, and referred to the DOJ for criminal investigation.
(Sec. 603) The National Security Act of 1947 is amended to require the ODNI to submit an annual report about the security clearances processed for federal employees and contractors by each element of the intelligence community in the previous year.
(Sec. 604) The CIA must provide a report about amending the Central Intelligence Agency Act of 1949 to expand the current 500-foot boundary that CIA special police may operate out from CIA installation.
(Sec. 605) The ODNI shall provide a report about its role in preparing materials for analysis for the federal government's evaluation of national security risks in regards to potential foreign investments in the United States.
(Sec. 606) The ODNI must report about establishing a voluntary cyber exchange program that would allow the intelligence community and private technology companies to detail qualified employees to each other. The report must include a feasibility analysis, the challenges to such a program, and an evaluation of the benefits for the intelligence community.
(Sec. 607) The Office of the Inspector General of the Intelligence Community shall review the roles and responsibilities of intelligence community entities during the past three years in the determinations of whether an information technology vulnerability was shared with a nonfederal entity or the public.
(Sec. 608) The Office of the Inspector General of the Intelligence Community, in consultation with the inspectors general from the CIA, NSA, NGA, DIA, and NRO, shall review the procedures and policies of intelligence community whistle-blower matters in relation to the timely and effective reporting of such matters.
(Sec. 609) Congress states that the National Security Act of 1947 requires the intelligence community to keep congressional intelligence committees fully and currently informed about intelligence activities and to furnish any information or material concerning intelligence activities to such committees.