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H.R. 3326 (115th): World Bank Accountability Act of 2017


The text of the bill below is as of Sep 7, 2017 (Reported by House Committee).

Summary of this bill

If the World Bank doesn’t live up to some of its promises for supporting human rights, fighting terrorism, and promoting democracy, should the U.S. government withhold hundreds of millions dollars of funding?

Context

The World Bank’s International Development Association (IDA) lends billions of dollars to the poorest countries for projects such as infrastructure, health services, clean water and sanitation, and economic development.

However, the Bank’s IDA has come under criticism for failing to safeguard human rights and at times giving money to corrupt governments who pass on little if any to their impoverished citizens. Examples include encouraging exploitative gold mining in Haiti or rapes during construction ...


IB

Union Calendar No. 214

115th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 3326

[Report No. 115–298]

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

July 20, 2017

introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Financial Services

September 7, 2017

Additional sponsor: Mr. Sherman

September 7, 2017

Reported with an amendment, committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union, and ordered to be printed

Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed in italic

For text of introduced bill, see copy of bill as introduced on July 20, 2017


A BILL

To increase accountability, combat corruption, and strengthen management effectiveness at the World Bank.


1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the World Bank Accountability Act of 2017.

2.

Withholding of funds until certain conditions are met

(a)

Institutional reforms

(1)

In general

With respect to each of fiscal years 2018 through 2023, in addition to any amounts withheld from disbursement under subsection (b), 15 percent of the amounts provided in appropriations Acts for the International Development Association for the fiscal year—

(A)

shall be withheld from disbursement until the conditions of paragraph (2) or (3) are satisfied; and

(B)
(i)

shall be disbursed after the conditions of paragraph (2) are satisfied; and

(ii)

may be disbursed after the conditions of paragraph (3) are satisfied

(2)

Initial conditions

The conditions of this paragraph are satisfied with respect to the amounts provided in appropriations Acts for a fiscal year if, in the fiscal year, the Secretary of the Treasury reports to the appropriate congressional committees that the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development—

(A)

is implementing institutional incentives, including through formal staff evaluation criteria, that prioritize poverty reduction, development outcomes, and capable project management over the volume of the Bank’s lending and grantmaking;

(B)

is taking steps to address the management failures described in Inspection Panel Investigation Report 106710–UG, and to prevent their recurrence in countries that are eligible for World Bank support; and

(C)

is taking measures to strengthen its management of trust funds, with the goal of increasing the accountability of the trust funds for poverty reduction and development outcomes.

(3)

Subsequent conditions

The conditions of this paragraph are satisfied if the Secretary of the Treasury reports to the appropriate congressional committees, in each of the 3 fiscal years most recently preceding the fiscal year in which the report is made, that the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development has instituted the measures described in paragraph (2) of this subsection and the measures described in subsection (b)(2).

(b)

Governance and anticorruption reforms

(1)

In general

With respect to each of fiscal years 2018 through 2023, in addition to any amounts withheld from disbursement under subsection (a), 15 percent of the amounts provided in appropriations Acts for the International Development Association for the fiscal year—

(A)

shall be withheld from disbursement until the conditions of paragraph (2) or (3) are satisfied; and

(B)
(i)

shall be disbursed after the conditions of paragraph (2) are satisfied; and

(ii)

may be disbursed after the conditions of paragraph (3) are satisfied

(2)

Initial conditions

The conditions of this paragraph are satisfied with respect to the amounts provided in appropriations Acts for a fiscal year if, in the fiscal year, the Secretary of the Treasury reports to the appropriate congressional committees that the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development—

(A)

is emphasizing in appropriate operational policies, directives, and country strategies its support for secure property rights, due process of law, and economic freedom as essential conditions for sustained poverty reduction in World Bank borrowing countries;

(B)
(i)

in the preceding fiscal year, has not approved any loans or grants assistance by the Bank to a country designated by the United States as a state sponsor of terrorism; and

(ii)

is strengthening the ability of Bank-funded projects to undermine violent extremism;

(C)

is taking steps to conduct forensic audits of projects receiving assistance from the Bank, increase the number of the forensic audits, and strengthen the capacity of the Bank’s Integrity Vice Presidency, and that not less than 50 percent of the forensic audits initiated by the Bank in each fiscal year are of projects randomly selected from among International Development Association borrowing countries; and

(D)

is taking measures to detect and minimize corruption in all World Bank projects involving development policy lending.

(3)

Subsequent conditions

The conditions of this paragraph are satisfied if the Secretary of the Treasury reports to the appropriate congressional committees, in each of the 3 fiscal years most recently preceding the fiscal year in which the report is made that the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development has instituted the measures described in paragraph (2) of this subsection and the measures described in subsection (a)(2).

(c)

Appropriate congressional committees defined

In this section, the term appropriate congressional committees means the Committees on Financial Services and on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Committees on Foreign Relations and on Appropriations of the Senate.

3.

Reports to Congress

The Chairman of the National Advisory Council on International Monetary and Financial Policies shall include in the report required by section 1701 of the International Financial Institutions Act for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2023 a detailed description of the actions undertaken by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development in the fiscal year covered by the report to institute the measures described in subsections (a)(2) and (b)(2) of section 2 of this Act.

4.

Opposition to World Bank assistance for government that fails to implement or enforce measures required under an applicable United Nations Security Council resolution

The Bretton Woods Agreements Act (22 U.S.C. 286 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

73.

Opposition to assistance for government that fails to implement or enforce measures required under an applicable United Nations Security Council resolution

The Secretary of the Treasury should instruct the United States Executive Director at the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development to use the voice and vote of the United States to oppose the provision of assistance to the government of a borrowing country of the International Development Association if the President of the United States determines that the government has knowingly failed to implement or enforce sanctions required under an applicable United Nations Security Council resolution (as defined in section 3 of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (Public Law 114–122; 22 U.S.C. 9202)) that is in effect.

.

5.

Eighteenth replenishment of the International Development Association; reduction from IDA-17 authorized level

The International Development Association Act (22 U.S.C. 284 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

30.

Eighteenth Replenishment

(a)

Contribution authority

The United States Governor of the International Development Association may contribute on behalf of the United States $3,291,030,000 to the eighteenth replenishment of the resources of the Association, subject to obtaining the necessary appropriations.

(b)

Limitations on authorization of appropriations

In order to pay for the contribution provided for in subsection (a), there are authorized to be appropriated, without fiscal year limitation, $3,291,030,000 for payment by the Secretary of the Treasury.

.

September 7, 2017

Reported with an amendment, committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union, and ordered to be printed