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H.R. 3445 (115th): AGOA and MCA Modernization Act

To enhance the transparency and accelerate the impact of programs under the African Growth and Opportunity Act and the Millennium Challenge Corporation, and for other purposes.

Sponsor and status

Edward “Ed” Royce

Sponsor. Representative for California's 39th congressional district. Republican.

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Last Updated: Apr 10, 2018
Length: 8 pages
Jul 27, 2017
115th Congress (2017–2019)

Enacted — Signed by the President on Apr 23, 2018

This bill was enacted after being signed by the President on April 23, 2018.

Pub.L. 115-167

8 Cosponsors (6 Democrats, 2 Republicans)


Position statements

What legislators are saying

Reps. Royce, Engel, Smith, Bass Work to Strengthen U.S.-Africa Trade
    — Rep. Karen Bass [D-CA37] (Co-sponsor) on Jul 27, 2017

THIS WEEK IN CONGRESS - Sablan, Murkowski intro CW bill
    — Rep. Gregorio Sablan [D-MP] on Jan 22, 2018

Isakson Applauds Senate Passage of Legislation to Modernize 'African Growth and Opportunity Act,' Millennium Challenge Corporation
    — Sen. John “Johnny” Isakson [R-GA, 2005-2019] on Apr 10, 2018

More statements at ProPublica Represent...

Incorporated legislation

This bill incorporates provisions from:

S. 832: AGOA and MCA Modernization Act

Ordered Reported on Oct 5, 2017. 90% incorporated. (compare text)


Jul 27, 2017

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

Sep 28, 2017
Ordered Reported

A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered further. Only about 1 in 4 bills are reported out of committee.

Jan 3, 2018
Reported by House Committee on Foreign Affairs

A committee issued a report on the bill, which often provides helpful explanatory background on the issue addressed by the bill and the bill's intentions.

Jan 17, 2018
Passed House (Senate next)

The bill was passed in a vote in the House. It goes to the Senate next. The vote was by voice vote so no record of individual votes was made.

Apr 9, 2018
Passed Senate

The bill was passed by both chambers in identical form. It goes to the President next who may sign or veto the bill. The vote was by Unanimous Consent so no record of individual votes was made.

Apr 23, 2018
Enacted — Signed by the President

The President signed the bill and it became law.

H.R. 3445 (115th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 3445. This is the one from the 115th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 115th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2017 to Jan 3, 2019. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 3445 — 115th Congress: AGOA and MCA Modernization Act.” 2017. January 23, 2022 <>

Where is this information from?

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