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H.R. 356 (115th): Protecting Our Democracy Act

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About the bill

Calls are mounting for an independent commission to investigate ties between Donald Trump, his campaign, and the Russian government. A bill from House Democrats is now beginning to attract a modicum of Republican support, with potentially more to sign on soon.

The context

Earlier this month, President Donald Trump fired FBI Director James Comey after Comey reportedly requested increased funding for his bureau’s Russia probe. Then Trump revealed highly classified information provided to America by our ally Israel and shared it with the Russian government, which many consider a geopolitical foe.

This comes on top of confirmed Russian hacking and releasing files from the Democratic National Committee (but not their Republican counterparts), Attorney General Jeff Sessions lying about meetings with the Russian ambassador, and National Security Advisor Michael …

Sponsor and status

Eric Swalwell

Sponsor. Representative for California's 15th congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Jan 6, 2017
Length: 18 pages
Jan 6, 2017
115th Congress (2017–2019)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on January 6, 2017, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).


204 Cosponsors (202 Democrats, 2 Republicans)


Position statements

What legislators are saying

Swalwell Blasts Republicans' Partisan Halt to Russia Investigation
    — Rep. Eric Swalwell [D-CA14] (Sponsor) on Mar 12, 2018

Pascrell Joins Measure to Force Vote on Independent Trump-Russia Commission
    — Rep. Bill Pascrell [D-NJ9] (Co-sponsor) on May 17, 2017

Rep. Gene Green Moves to Force House Vote to Launch Independent Trump-Russia Commission
    — Rep. Gene Green [D-TX29, 1993-2018] (Co-sponsor) on May 17, 2017

More statements at ProPublica Represent...


Jan 6, 2017

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

H.R. 356 (115th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 356. This is the one from the 115th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 115th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2017 to Jan 3, 2019. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 356 — 115th Congress: Protecting Our Democracy Act.” 2017. February 5, 2023 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.