H. R. 3900
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
October 2, 2017
Mr. Flores (for himself and Mr. Hultgren) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce
To amend section 510 of the Social Security Act regarding a youth empowerment program.
This Act may be cited as the
Youth Empowerment Act of 2017.
Youth empowerment program
Section 510 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 710) is amended to read as follows:
Youth empowerment program
Allotments to States
For the purpose described in subsection (b), the Secretary shall, for each of fiscal years 2018 and 2019, allot to each State which has transmitted an application for the fiscal year under section 505(a) an amount equal to the product of—
the amount appropriated pursuant to subsection (e)(1) for the fiscal year, minus the amount reserved under subsection (e)(2) for the fiscal year; and
the proportion that the number of low-income children in the State bears to the total of such numbers of children for all the States.
For the purpose described in subsection (b), the Secretary shall, for each of fiscal years 2018 and 2019, for any State which has not transmitted an application for the fiscal year under section 505(a), allot to one or more entities in the State the amount that would have been allotted to the State under paragraph (1) if the State had submitted such an application.
The Secretary shall select the recipients of allotments under subparagraph (A) by means of a competitive grant process under which—
not later than 30 days after the deadline for the State involved to submit an application for the fiscal year under section 505(a), the Secretary publishes a notice soliciting grant applications; and
not later than 120 days after such deadline, all such applications must be submitted.
Except for research under paragraph (5) and information collection and reporting under paragraph (6), the purpose of an allotment under subsection (a) to a State (or to another entity in the State pursuant to subsection (a)(2)) is to enable the State or other entity to implement education exclusively on sexual risk avoidance (meaning voluntarily refraining from sexual activity).
Education on sexual risk avoidance pursuant to an allotment under this section shall—
ensure that the unambiguous and primary emphasis and context for each topic described in paragraph (3) is a message to youth that normalizes the optimal health behavior of avoiding nonmarital sexual activity;
be medically accurate and complete;
be age-appropriate; and
be based on adolescent learning and developmental theories for the age group receiving the education.
Education on sexual risk avoidance pursuant to an allotment under this section shall address each of the following topics:
The holistic individual and societal benefits associated with personal responsibility, self-regulation, goal setting, healthy decisionmaking, and a focus on the future.
The advantage of refraining from nonmarital sexual activity in order to improve the future prospects and physical and emotional health of youth.
The increased likelihood of avoiding poverty when youth attain self-sufficiency and emotional maturity before engaging in sexual activity.
The foundational components of healthy relationships and their impact on the formation of healthy marriages and safe and stable families.
How other youth risk behaviors, such as drug and alcohol usage, increase the risk for teen sex.
How to resist and avoid, and receive help regarding, sexual coercion and dating violence, recognizing that even with consent teen sex remains a youth risk behavior.
Education on sexual risk avoidance pursuant to an allotment under this section shall ensure that—
any information provided on contraception is medically accurate and ensures that students understand that contraception offers physical risk reduction, but not risk elimination; and
the education does not include demonstrations, simulations, or distribution of contraceptive devices.
A State or other entity receiving an allotment pursuant to subsection (a) may use up to 20 percent of such allotment to build the evidence base for sexual risk avoidance education by conducting or supporting research.
Any research conducted or supported pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall be—
designed and conducted by independent researchers who have experience in conducting and publishing research in peer-reviewed outlets.
Information collection and reporting
A State or other entity receiving an allotment pursuant to subsection (a) shall, as specified by the Secretary—
collect information on the programs and activities funded through the allotment; and
submit reports to the Secretary on the data from such programs and activities.
The Secretary shall—
in consultation with appropriate State and local agencies, conduct one or more rigorous evaluations of the education funded through this section and associated data; and
submit a report to the Congress on the results of such evaluations, together with a summary of the information collected pursuant to subsection (b)(6).
In conducting the evaluations required by paragraph (1), including the establishment of evaluation methodologies, the Secretary shall consult with relevant stakeholders.
Applicability of certain provisions
Sections 503, 507, and 508 apply to allotments under subsection (a) to the same extent and in the same manner as such sections apply to allotments under section 502(c).
Sections 505 and 506 apply to allotments under subsection (a) to the extent determined by the Secretary to be appropriate.
To carry out this section, there is appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, $75,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 and 2019.
The Secretary shall reserve, for each of fiscal years 2018 and 2019, not more than 20 percent of the amount appropriated pursuant to paragraph (1) for administering the program under this section, including the conducting of national evaluations and the provision of technical assistance to the recipients of allotments.
The amendment made by this section takes effect on October 1, 2017.