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H.R. 3908: Securing American Families by Educating and Training You (SAFETY) Through Nonviolence Act of 2017

The text of the bill below is as of Oct 2, 2017 (Introduced).

Source: GPO

I

115th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 3908

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

October 2, 2017

introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and the Workforce

A BILL

To authorize the Attorney General to award grants to eligible entities to prevent or alleviate community violence by providing education, mentoring, and counseling services to children, adolescents, teachers, families, and community leaders on the principles and practice of nonviolence.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Securing American Families by Educating and Training You (SAFETY) Through Nonviolence Act of 2017.

2.

Findings

Congress finds the following:

(1)

The concept and practice of nonviolent thoughts, words, and actions have a history and a legacy in the United States and the global community.

(2)

In the 19th century, American philosophers and authors Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau were leaders of the transcendentalist philosophical movement which emphasized the potential good of humanity, the importance of truth, and the courage and power of peace.

(3)

In the early 20th century, Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi advanced the concepts and practices of ahimsa, or non-injury, and satya, or truth as integral to social and active concepts and practices.

(4)

Gandhi continued Thoreau’s ideas of Civil Disobedience in developing the doctrine of sat­ya­gra­ha which connects truth and nonviolence to active efforts in nonviolent, civil disobedience.

(5)

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., built upon these philosophies in developing six principles of nonviolence. He explained these to be a way of life which sought to build friendships and understanding, defeat injustice, accept suffering as a way to educate and transform, and to choose love instead of hate. Nonviolence’s strength is reinforced by the universe siding with justice.

(6)

Rev. James E. Lawson, Jr., a leading theorist and strategist, helped spread the philosophy and doctrine of nonviolence by organizing and teaching workshops to young activists during the American Civil Rights Movement.

(7)

During his Presidency, Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela expanded the spirit of ubuntu, the African philosophy of the interconnectedness, caring, sharing, and harmony of humanity, throughout the world.

(8)

According to the 2017 Global Peace Index, violence cost $14,300,000,000 in 2016. The fiscal loss resulting from conflict greatly exceeds investments in peacebuilding and peacekeeping.

(9)

Given its proven success and evolution, the philosophy and doctrine of nonviolence can and should play an important role in breaking the cycle and reducing the frequency of violence throughout the United States and as a model to the global community.

(10)

These lessons, principles, and practices should be made available to Americans of all ages and backgrounds in all parts of the country.

3.

Grants to educate Americans about the principles and practice of nonviolence

(a)

Grants

The Attorney General may make grants to eligible entities to prevent or alleviate the effects of community violence by providing education, mentoring, and counseling regarding the principles and application of nonviolence in conflict resolution.

(b)

Priority

In awarding grants under this section, the Attorney General shall give priority to applicants that agree to use the grant in one or more eligible urban, rural, tribal, and suburban communities that can certify—

(1)

an increased or sustained level of violence or tension in the community; or

(2)

a lack of monetary or other resources to adopt innovative, integrated, community-based violence prevention programs.

(c)

Limitation

The Attorney General may not make a grant to an eligible entity under this section unless the entity agrees to use not less than 70 percent of such grant for nonviolence-prevention education and program development.

(d)

Definitions

In this section, the term eligible entity means a State or local government entity (including law enforcement), educational institution, nonprofit community, or faith-based organization.

(e)

Authorization of Appropriations

To carry out this section, there is authorized to be appropriated $60,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2018 through 2023.