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H.R. 4209 (115th): America Wins Act

The text of the bill below is as of Nov 1, 2017 (Introduced).


I

115th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 4209

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

November 1, 2017

(for himself, Ms. Barragán, Mr. Blumenauer, Mr. Capuano, Mr. Carbajal, Mr. Carson of Indiana, Mr. Cohen, Mr. DeFazio, Mrs. Demings, Mr. Michael F. Doyle of Pennsylvania, Mr. Gallego, Mr. Hastings, Mr. Huffman, Ms. Norton, Mr. Payne, Ms. Blunt Rochester, and Ms. Wilson of Florida) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Ways and Means, and in addition to the Committees on Transportation and Infrastructure, Energy and Commerce, Agriculture, Education and the Workforce, Natural Resources, and Science, Space, and Technology, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

A BILL

To rebuild the Nation’s infrastructure, provide a consumer rebate to the American people, assist coal country, reduce harmful pollution, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title; table of contents

(a)

Short title

This Act may be cited as the America Wins Act.

(b)

Table of contents

The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

Sec. 2. Tax on carbon dioxide content of certain substances.

Sec. 3. Energy Refund Program.

Sec. 4. Consumer tax rebate.

2.

Tax on carbon dioxide content of certain substances

(a)

In general

Chapter 38 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to environmental taxes) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subchapter:

E

Tax on carbon dioxide content of certain substances

Sec. 4691. Imposition of tax.

Sec. 4692. Refunds or credits.

Sec. 4693. Border adjustments.

Sec. 4694. Definitions and special rules.

4691.

Imposition of tax

(a)

In general

There is hereby imposed a tax on any taxable carbon substance sold by the manufacturer, producer, or importer thereof.

(b)

Amount of tax

(1)

In general

The amount of tax imposed by subsection (a) on any taxable carbon substance shall be the applicable amount per ton of carbon dioxide content of such substance, as determined by the Secretary in consultation with the Secretary of Energy.

(2)

Fractional part of ton

In the case of a fraction of a ton, the tax imposed by subsection (a) shall be the same fraction of the amount of such tax imposed on a whole ton.

(3)

Applicable amount

For purposes of paragraph (1)—

(A)

In general

For calendar year 2019, the term applicable amount means $49.

(B)

Annual adjustments generally

In the case of any taxable year beginning in a calendar year after 2019, the dollar amount in subparagraph (A) shall be increased by an amount equal to—

(i)

such dollar amount, multiplied by

(ii)

the cost-of-living adjustment determined under section 1(f)(3) for the calendar year in which the taxable year begins, determined—

(I)

by substituting calendar year 2018 for calendar year 1992 in subparagraph (B) thereof, and

(II)

by substituting for the CPI referred to section 1(f)(3)(A) the amount that such CPI would have been if the annual percentage increase in CPI with respect to each year after 2019 had been 2 percentage points greater.

(c)

Substance taxed only once

No tax shall be imposed by subsection (a) with respect to a taxable carbon substance if the person who would be liable for such tax establishes that a prior tax imposed by such section has been imposed with respect to such product.

(d)

Exemption for exports

(1)

Tax-free sales

(A)

In general

No tax shall be imposed under subsection (a) on the sale by the manufacturer or producer of any taxable carbon substance for export or for resale by the purchaser to a second purchaser for export.

(B)

Proof of export required

Rules similar to the rules of section 4221(b) shall apply for purposes of subparagraph (A).

(2)

Credit or refund where tax paid

(A)

In general

Except as provided in subparagraph (B), if—

(i)

tax under subsection (a) was paid with respect to any taxable carbon substance, and

(ii)
(I)

such substance was exported by any person, or

(II)

such substance was used as a material in the manufacture or production of a taxable carbon substance which was exported by any person and which, at the time of export, was a taxable carbon substance,

credit or refund (without interest) of such tax shall be allowed or made to the person who paid such tax.
(B)

Condition to allowance

No credit or refund shall be allowed or made under subparagraph (A) unless the person who paid the tax establishes that he—

(i)

has repaid or agreed to repay the amount of the tax to the person who exported the taxable carbon substance, or

(ii)

has obtained the written consent of such exporter to the allowance of the credit or the making of the refund.

(C)

Refunds directly to exporter

The Secretary shall provide, in regulations, the circumstances under which a credit or refund (without interest) of the tax under subsection (a) shall be allowed or made to the person who exported the taxable carbon substance, where—

(i)

the person who paid the tax waives his claim to the amount of such credit or refund, and

(ii)

the person exporting the taxable carbon substance provides such information as the Secretary may require in such regulations.

4692.

Refunds or credits

(a)

Sequestered carbon

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, if—

(1)

a person uses a taxable carbon substance as a feedstock so that the carbon associated with such substance will not be emitted, or

(2)

a person captures and sequesters the carbon in a taxable carbon substance,

then an amount equal to the amount of tax in effect under section 4691(b) with respect to such substance for the calendar year in which such use begins shall be allowed as a credit or refund (without interest) to such person in the same manner as if it were an overpayment of tax imposed by section 4691.
(b)

Previously taxed carbon substances used To make another taxable carbon substance

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, if—

(1)

a tax under section 4691 was paid with respect to any taxable carbon substance, and

(2)

such substance was used by any person in the manufacture or production of any other substance which is a taxable carbon substance,

then an amount equal to the tax so paid shall be allowed as a credit or refund (without interest) to such person in the same manner as if it were an overpayment of tax imposed by section 4691(a). In any case to which this paragraph applies, the amount of any such credit or refund shall not exceed the amount of tax imposed by section 4691(a) on the other taxable fuel manufactured or produced (or which would have been imposed by such subsection on such other fuel but for section 4691(c)).
4693.

Border adjustments

(a)

Imports

The Secretary shall impose a carbon equivalency fee on imports of carbon-intensive goods that shall be equivalent to the cost that domestic producers of comparable carbon-intensive goods incur as a result of—

(1)

taxes paid by manufacturers, producers, and importers of taxable carbon substances under this section, and

(2)

carbon equivalency fees paid by importers of carbon intensive goods used in the production of the comparable carbon intensive goods in question.

(b)

Exports

Notwithstanding the limitations of section 4692, the Secretary shall allow as a credit or refund (without interest) to the exporter of a carbon-intensive good produced in the United States in the same manner as if it were an overpayment of tax imposed by section 4691 an amount equivalent to the cost that domestic producers of such carbon intensive goods incur as a result of—

(1)

taxes paid by manufacturers, producers, and importers of taxable carbon substances under this section, and

(2)

carbon equivalency fees paid by importers of carbon intensive goods used in the production of the comparable carbon intensive goods in question.

(c)

Expiration

This section shall cease to have effect at such time as and to the extent that—

(1)
(A)

an international agreement requiring countries that emit greenhouse gases and produce carbon intensive goods for international markets to adopt equivalent measures comes into effect, or

(B)

the country of export has implemented equivalent measures, and

(2)

the actions provided for by subsections (a) and (b) are no longer appropriate.

4694.

Definitions and special rules

(a)

Definitions

For purposes of this subchapter—

(1)

Taxable carbon substance

The term taxable carbon substance means—

(A)

coal (including lignite and peat),

(B)

petroleum and any petroleum product (as defined in section 4612(a)(3)), and

(C)

natural gas,

which is extracted, manufactured, or produced in the United States or entered into the United States for consumption, use, or warehousing.
(2)

United States

The term United States has the meaning given such term by section 4612(a)(4).

(3)

Importer

The term importer means the person entering the taxable carbon substance for consumption, use, or warehousing.

(4)

Ton

The term ton means metric tons. In the case of any taxable carbon substance which is a gas, the term ton means the amount of such gas in cubic feet which is the equivalent of a metric ton on a molecular weight basis.

(5)

Carbon-intensive good

The term carbon-intensive good means a good that (as identified by the Secretary by rule)—

(A)

is a primary product, or

(B)

is a manufactured item in which one or more primary products are inputs and the cost of production of which in the United States is significantly increased by this subchapter.

(6)

Primary product

The term primary product means—

(A)

iron, steel, steel mill products (including pipe and tube), aluminum, cement, glass (including flat, container, and specialty glass and fiberglass), pulp, paper, chemicals, or industrial ceramics, and

(B)

any other manufactured product that the Secretary determines—

(i)

is sold for purposes of further manufacture, and

(ii)

generates, in the course of the manufacture of the product, direct and indirect carbon-dioxide emissions that are comparable (on an emissions-per-dollar of output basis) to emissions generated in the manufacture or production of primary products identified in subparagraph (A).

(7)

Equivalent measure

The term equivalent measure means a tax or other regulatory requirement that imposes a cost on manufacturers of carbon intensive goods located outside the United States approximately equal to the cost imposed by section 4691 on manufacturers of comparable carbon intensive goods located in the United States.

(b)

Use treated as sale

If any person manufactures, produces, or imports any taxable carbon substance and uses such substance, then such person shall be liable for tax under section 4691 in the same manner as if such substance were sold by such person.

(c)

Special rules for inventory exchanges

(1)

In general

Except as provided in this paragraph, in any case in which a manufacturer, producer, or importer of a taxable carbon substance exchanges such substance as part of an inventory exchange with another person—

(A)

such exchange shall not be treated as a sale, and

(B)

such other person shall, for purposes of section 4691, be treated as the manufacturer, producer, or importer of such substance.

(2)

Registration requirement

Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any inventory exchange unless—

(A)

both parties are registered with the Secretary as manufacturers, producers, or importers of taxable carbon substances, and

(B)

the person receiving the taxable carbon substance has, at such time as the Secretary may prescribe, notified the manufacturer, producer, or importer of such person’s registration number and the internal revenue district in which such person is registered.

(3)

Inventory exchange

For purposes of this subsection, the term inventory exchange means any exchange in which 2 persons exchange property which is, in the hands of each person, property described in section 1221(a)(1).

(d)

Regulations

The Secretary shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this subchapter.

.

(b)

Establishment of Build America Trust Fund

Subchapter A of chapter 98 of such Code (relating to trust fund code) is amended by adding at the end the following:

9512.

Build America Trust Fund

(a)

Creation of Trust Fund

There is established in the Treasury of the United States a trust fund to be known as the Build America Trust Fund (referred to in this section as the Trust Fund), consisting of such amounts as may be appropriated or credited to the Trust Fund as provided in this section or section 9602(b).

(b)

Transfers to Trust Fund

There is hereby appropriated to the Trust Fund an amount equivalent to the increase in revenues received in the Treasury as the result of the tax imposed under section 4691.

(c)

Distribution of amounts in Trust Fund

Amounts in the Trust Fund equivalent to the taxes received in the Treasury under section 4691 for a calendar year shall be available without further appropriation, as follows:

(1)

First, the following amounts for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2028, to be allocated as follows:

(A)

Highways and transit

(i)

the sum of $50,000,000,000 plus the highway and transit shortfall amount, which shall be transferred to the Highway Trust Fund with 80 percent allocated to the Highway Account (as defined in section 9503(e)(5)(B)) and 20 percent allocated to the Mass Transit Account.

(ii)

$5,000,000,000 shall be available to the Secretary of Transportation for providing assistance under the National Infrastructure Investment program, as described under the heading Department of Transportation—Office of the Secretary—National Infrastructure Investments in title I of division L of Public Law 114–113 (129 Stat. 2835).

(B)

Aviation

$3,000,000,000 shall be available to be transferred to the Airport and Airway Trust Fund, of which—

(i)

$1,620,000,000 shall be available to the Secretary of Transportation for making grants for airport planning and airport development under section 47104 of title 49, United States Code, and

(ii)

$1,380,000,000 shall be available to the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration for acquiring, establishing, and improving air navigation facilities under section 44502(a)(1)(A) of title 49, United States Code.

(C)

Passenger rail

(i)

$2,000,000,000 shall be available to the Secretary of Transportation for deposit in the Northeast Corridor account described in section 24317 of title 49, United States Code, for the uses described in subsection (d)(1) (B), (C), (E), and (F) of such section.

(ii)

$1,500,000,000 shall be available to the Secretary of Transportation for making grants for rail infrastructure and safety improvements under section 24407 of title 49, United States Code.

(iii)

$500,000,000 shall be available to the Secretary of Transportation for making grants for state of good repair under section 24911 of title 49, United States Code.

(iv)

$1,000,000,000 shall be available to the Secretary of Transportation for deposit in the National Network account described in section 24317 of title 49, United States Code, for the uses described in subsection (d)(2)(B).

(D)

Harbors, waterways, flood protection, dams

(i)

$3,000,000,000 shall be available to the Secretary of the Army for expenses necessary for the construction of river and harbor, flood and storm damage reduction, shore protection, aquatic ecosystem restoration, and related projects authorized by law or for conducting detailed studies, and plans and specifications, of such projects (including those involving participation by States, local governments, or private groups) authorized or made eligible for selection by law (but such detailed studies, and plans and specifications, shall not constitute a commitment of the Federal Government to construction) to remain available until expended.

(ii)

3,000,000,000 shall be available to the Secretary of the Army for expenses necessary for the operation, maintenance, and care of existing river and harbor, flood and storm damage reduction, aquatic ecosystem restoration, and related projects authorized by law; providing security for infrastructure owned or operated by the Corps, including administrative buildings and laboratories; maintaining harbor channels provided by a State, municipality, or other public agency that serve essential navigation needs of general commerce, where authorized by law; surveying and charting northern and northwestern lakes and connecting waters; clearing and straightening channels; and removing obstructions to navigation, to remain available until expended.

(E)

Clean water

(i)

$2,000,000,000 shall be available to the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency for making capitalization grants for the Clean Water State Revolving Funds under title VI of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.).

(ii)

$2,350,000,000 shall be available to the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency for making capitalization grants for the Drinking Water State Revolving Funds under section 1452 of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300j–12).

(iii)

$80,000,000 shall be available to the Secretary of the Army and the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency for providing assistance under section 5023 of the Water Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act of 2014 (33 U.S.C. 3902).

(F)

USDA water and waste disposal programs

(i)

$104,200,000 shall be available to the Secretary of Agriculture for direct loans for water or waste disposal facilities under section 306(a)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act.

(ii)

$490,000 shall be available to the Secretary of Agriculture for guaranteed loans for water or waste disposal facilities under section 306(a)(24) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act.

(iii)

$885,000,000 shall be available to the Secretary of Agriculture to carry out section 306(a)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act.

(G)

Broadband deployment

$3,000,000,000 shall be available to the Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Communications and Information to carry out a program to expand access to broadband to communities throughout the United States, with an emphasis on communities unserved by broadband.

(2)

Second, $5,000,000,000 for each fiscal year 2019 through 2028 shall be available for assistance to workers and communities reliant on industries that primarily produce taxable carbon substances or carbon-intensive goods, as determined by the Secretary in consultation with the Secretary of Labor, including for—

(A)

worker retraining, pension benefits, and health benefits,

(B)

abandoned mine reclamation,

(C)

development of carbon capture, utilization, and storage technologies, and

(D)

other assistance the Secretary determines appropriate.

(3)

Third, for calendar year 2019 and each calendar year thereafter, 12.5 percent of the amount in the Trust Fund equivalent to the taxes received in the Treasury under section 4691 shall be available for the Energy Refund Program.

(4)

Fourth, the amount remaining after the application of paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) shall be available for paying the consumer tax rebate.

(d)

Definitions

For purposes of this section—

(1)

The term highway and transit shortfall amount means the amount determined by the Secretary to be equal to the excess of—

(A)

the sum of the obligations of the United States specified in section 9503(c)(1) plus the amounts to be expended under section 9503(e)(3), over

(B)

the amounts available in the Highway Trust Fund to meet those obligations and expenditures (determined without regard to this paragraph or section 9503(f)(5)).

(2)

The terms taxable carbon substance and carbon-intensive goods have the meanings given such terms by section 4694.

(e)

Qualifications based selection for architectural and engineering contracts

(1)

In general

Subject to paragraph (2), as a condition on the receipt of funds pursuant to this section of an amount greater than $1,000,000, a non-Federal sponsor that receives the funds shall require that each contract and subcontract for program management, construction management, planning studies, feasibility studies, architectural services, preliminary engineering, design, engineering, surveying, mapping, and related services entered into using any of such funds be awarded in the same manner as a contract for architectural and engineering services is awarded under—

(A)

chapter 11 of title 40, United States Code, or

(B)

an equivalent qualifications-based requirement prescribed by the relevant State.

(2)

No proprietary interest

A contract awarded in accordance with paragraph (1) shall not be considered to confer a proprietary interest upon the United States.

(f)

Administrative provisions

Amounts distributed from the Trust Fund for a program or activity under subsection (c) shall—

(1)

be in addition to other amounts appropriated for the program or activity, and

(2)

remain available until expended.

.

(c)

Clerical amendments

(1)

The table of subchapters for chapter 38 of such Code is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new item:

Subchapter E. Tax on carbon dioxide content of certain substances

.

(2)

The table of sections for subchapter A of chapter 98 of such Code is amended by adding at the end the following:

Sec. 9512. Build America Trust Fund.

.

(d)

Effective date

The amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2018.

3.

Energy Refund Program

(a)

In general

The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Commissioner of Social Security, and the Secretary of Agriculture, shall formulate and administer the program provided for in this section, which shall be known as the Energy Refund Program, and under which eligible households are provided an energy refund.

(b)

Eligibility of households To receive energy refund

Each eligible household shall be entitled to receive monthly cash payments under this section in an amount equal to the monthly energy refund amount determined under subsection (d).

(c)

Eligibility

(1)

Eligible households

A household shall be considered to be an eligible household for purposes of this section if—

(A)

the aggregate gross income of all taxpayers in the household does not exceed 150 percent of the poverty line;

(B)

the State agency for the State in which the household is located determines that the household is participating in—

(i)

the supplemental nutrition assistance program;

(ii)

the Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations authorized by section 4(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2013(b)); or

(iii)

the program for nutrition assistance in Puerto Rico or American Samoa under section 19 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 2028);

(C)

the household consists of a single individual or a married couple, and—

(i)

receives the subsidy described in section 1860D–14 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–114); or

(ii)
(I)

participates in the program under title XVIII of the Social Security Act; and

(II)

meets the income requirements described in section 1860D–14(a)(1) or (a)(2) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–114(a)(1) or (a)(2)); or

(D)

the household consists of a single individual or a married couple, and receives benefits under the Supplemental Security Income Program under title XVI of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1381–1383f).

(2)

Ineligible individuals

The Secretary of the Treasury may only provide energy refunds in accordance with this section to United States citizens, United States nationals, and individuals lawfully residing in the United States. The Secretary shall establish procedures to ensure that other individuals do not receive such refunds and are not taken into account in determining the amount of such refunds.

(3)

National standards

The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture, shall establish uniform national standards of eligibility ensuring that States may co-administer the Energy Refund Program with the supplemental nutrition assistance program in accordance with the provisions of this section. No State agency shall impose any other standard or requirement as a condition of eligibility or refund receipt under the program. Assistance in the Energy Refund Program shall be furnished promptly to all eligible households who make application for such participation or are already enrolled in any program referred to in paragraph (1).

(d)

Monthly energy refund amount

(1)

Estimated annual refund

Not later than August 31 of each relevant fiscal year, the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Energy Information Administration, shall estimate, pursuant to a method that is appropriate for such purposes, the annual total loss in purchasing power that will result from the America Wins Act in the next fiscal year for households of each size with gross income equal to 150 percent of the poverty line, based on the tax imposed under section 4691 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, excluding the amount of the increase in households’ energy consumption that is financed by higher cost of living adjustments to Federal benefits that result from increased carbon costs by reason of such tax.

(2)

Monthly energy refund

Subject to paragraph (3) and subsection (c)(2), the amount of the monthly energy refund for an eligible household under this section shall be—

(A)

if the household has 1, 2, 3, or 4 members, 1⁄12 of the amount estimated under paragraph (1) for such fiscal year for a household of the same size, rounded to the nearest whole dollar amount; or

(B)

if the household has 5 or more members, 1⁄12 of the arithmetic mean value of the amounts estimated under paragraph (1) for such fiscal year for households with 5 or more members, rounded to the nearest whole dollar amount.

(3)

Ensuring deficit neutrality

For any fiscal year after calendar year 2018 in which the amounts that are available under section 9512(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 are not sufficient for purposes of funding the monthly energy refund described in paragraph (2), the Secretary of the Treasury shall direct State agencies to reduce, on a pro rata basis, the amount of such refunds that are provided to eligible households.

(e)

Delivery mechanism

(1)

Monthly installments

Subject to standards and an implementation schedule set by the Secretary of the Treasury, the energy refund shall be provided in monthly installments via—

(A)

direct deposit into the eligible household’s designated bank account;

(B)

the State’s electronic benefit transfer system; or

(C)

another Federal or State mechanism, if such a mechanism is approved by the Secretary of the Treasury.

(2)

Standards

The standards described under paragraph (1) shall—

(A)

protect the privacy of energy refund applicants and recipients;

(B)

provide energy refund recipients with choices, as appropriate, for delivery and receipt of refunds;

(C)

ensure ease of use and access to refunds, including a prohibition on any fees charged for withdrawals or other related services;

(D)

protect, in a cost-effective manner, against improper access to energy refunds;

(E)

ensure interoperability of the Energy Refund Program between States and permit monitoring and investigations by authorized law enforcement agencies; and

(F)

include such standards, as determined appropriate by the Secretary of the Treasury, to protect applicant and recipient households from fraud and abuse and promote effective and efficient administration of Energy Refund Program.

(f)

Administration

(1)

In general

The State agency of each participating State shall assume responsibility for the certification of applicant households and for the issuance of refunds and the control and accountability thereof.

(2)

Administrative costs

Subject to such standards as determined appropriate by the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary shall reimburse each State agency for 100 percent of administrative costs.

(3)

Procedures

Under standards established by the Secretary of the Treasury, the State agency shall establish procedures governing the administration of the Energy Refund Program that the State agency determines best serve households in the State, including households with special needs, such as households with elderly or disabled members, households in rural areas, homeless individuals, and households residing on reservations (as defined in section 4 of the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (25 U.S.C. 1903) and section 3 of the Indian Financing Act of 1974 (25 U.S.C. 1452)). In carrying out this paragraph, a State agency shall—

(A)

provide timely, accurate, and fair service to applicants for, and participants in, the Energy Refund Program;

(B)

permit an applicant household to apply to participate in the program at the time that the household first contacts the State agency and consider an application that contains the name, address, and signature of the applicant to be sufficient to constitute an application for participation;

(C)

screen any applicant household for the supplemental nutrition assistance program, the State’s medical assistance program under section XIX of the Social Security Act, the Children’s Health Insurance Program under section XXI of such Act, and a State program that provides basic assistance under a State program funded under title IV of such Act or with qualified State expenditures as defined in section 409(a)(7) of such Act for eligibility for the Energy Refund Program and, if eligible, enroll such applicant household in the Energy Refund Program;

(D)

complete certification of and provide a refund to any eligible household not later than 30 days following its filing of an application;

(E)

use appropriate bilingual personnel and materials in the administration of the program in those portions of the State in which a substantial number of members of low income households speak a language other than English; and

(F)

utilize State agency personnel who are employed in accordance with the current standards for a merit system of personnel administration or any standards later prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management pursuant to section 208 of the Intergovernmental Personnel Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. 4728) modifying or superseding such standards relating to the establishment and maintenance of personnel standards on a merit basis to make all tentative and final determinations of eligibility and ineligibility.

(4)

Streamlined eligibility for certain beneficiaries of Federal programs

(A)

In general

The Secretary of the Treasury, the Commissioner of Social Security, the Railroad Retirement Board, or the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, as appropriate, shall develop procedures to directly provide energy refunds to individuals that are beneficiaries under the benefit programs administered by such entities and are eligible to receive such refunds under the Energy Refund Program, if the Secretary of the Treasury determines, in consultation with the Commissioner of Social Security, the Railroad Retirement Board, and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, that—

(i)

one or more of such entities are able to determine the gross income of such beneficiaries for purposes of determining eligibility for the energy refund;

(ii)

such entities are able to coordinate to ensure that such beneficiaries do not receive multiple energy refunds; and

(iii)

Federal provision of energy refunds would be more efficient and result in receipt of energy refunds by a greater number of eligible beneficiaries than delivery of such refunds by the States.

(B)

Receipt of refunds

Any low-income beneficiary who receives an energy refund pursuant to the procedures developed under this paragraph shall not be eligible for an energy refund otherwise provided by a State agency under this section.

(5)

Regulations

(A)

In general

Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the Secretary of the Treasury shall issue such regulations consistent with this section as the Secretary deems necessary or appropriate for the effective and efficient administration of the Energy Refund Program, and shall promulgate all such regulations in accordance with the procedures set forth in section 553 of title 5, United States Code.

(B)

Certain procedures

Without regard to section 553 of title 5 of such Code, the Secretary of the Treasury may by rule promulgate as final, to be effective until not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of the America Wins Act, any procedures that are substantially the same as the procedures governing the supplemental nutrition assistance program in section 273.2, 273.12, or 273.15 of title 7, Code of Federal Regulations.

(C)

Notwithstanding paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection (i), the Secretary of the Treasury shall promulgate regulations requiring streamlined eligibility determinations for some or all households which include individuals receiving medical assistance under a State plan approved under title XIX or XXI of the Social Security Act or individuals receiving premium credits for the purchase of qualified health insurance coverage pursuant to section 36B of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. The regulations shall institute procedures whereby the gross income and family size information used for determining eligibility under such provisions serve as the basis for determining eligibility for the Energy Refund Program.

(D)

Exception for quarterly provision of benefits

Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the Secretary of the Treasury may authorize States to provide benefits under this section on a quarterly basis if the Secretary determines that the amount of the benefits that would be provided on a monthly basis to households is insufficient to be efficiently paid on a monthly basis in light of the administrative expenses of the Energy Refund Program.

(g)

Treatment

The value of the refund provided under this section shall not be considered income or resources for any purpose under any Federal, State, or local laws, including, but not limited to, laws relating to an income tax, or public assistance programs (including, but not limited to, health care, cash aid, child care, nutrition programs, and housing assistance) and no participating State or political subdivision thereof shall decrease any assistance otherwise provided an individual or individuals because of the receipt of a refund under this section.

(h)

Program integrity

For purposes of ensuring program integrity and complying with the requirements of the Improper Payment Information Act of 2002, the Secretary of the Treasury shall, to the maximum extent possible, rely on and coordinate with the quality control sample and review procedures of paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and (5) of section 16(c) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(c)).

(i)

Definitions and special rules

(1)

Electronic benefit transfer system

The term electronic benefit transfer system means a system by which household benefits or refunds defined under subsection (e) are issued from and stored in a central databank via electronic benefit transfer cards.

(2)

Gross income

The term gross income means the gross income of a household that is determined in accordance with standards and procedures established under section 5 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014) and its implementing regulations.

(3)

Household

(A)

Rules for equitable administration of refund in certain cases

The Secretary of the Treasury shall establish rules for providing the energy refund in an equitable and administratively simple manner to households where the group of individuals who live together includes members not all of whom are described in a single subparagraph of subsection (c)(1), or includes additional members not described in any such subparagraph.

(B)

Certain groups

The Secretary of the Treasury shall establish rules regarding the eligibility and delivery of the energy refund to groups of individuals described in section 3(m) (4) or (5) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(n) (4) or (5)).

(4)

Poverty line

The term poverty line has the meaning given the term in section 673(2) of the Community Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9902(2)), including any revision required by that section.

(5)

State

The term State means the 50 States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, American Samoa, the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

(6)

State agency

The term State agency means an agency of State government, including the local offices thereof, that has responsibility for administration of the one or more federally aided public assistance programs within the State, and in those States where such assistance programs are operated on a decentralized basis, the term shall include the counterpart local agencies administering such programs.

(7)

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

The term supplemental nutrition assistance program means the supplemental nutrition assistance program as defined in section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012).

(8)

Other terms

Other terms not defined in this section shall have the same meaning as such terms have in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program unless the Secretary of the Treasury finds for good cause that application of a particular definition would be detrimental to the purposes of the Energy Refund Program.

4.

Consumer tax rebate

(a)

In general

Subpart C of part IV of subchapter A of chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by inserting after section 36B the following new section:

36C.

Working families relief

(a)

Allowance of credit

In the case of an eligible taxpayer, there shall be allowed as a credit against the tax imposed by this subtitle for the taxable year an amount equal to the working families relief amount.

(b)

Limitation based on household income

(1)

In general

The amount allowable as a credit under subsection (a) (determined without regard to this subsection) for the taxable year shall be reduced (but not below zero) by 0.05 percent for every $10 by which the taxpayer’s household income for the taxable year exceeds the credit cap amount for the calendar year in which such taxable year begins.

(2)

Credit cap amount

The credit cap mount for any calendar year is the amount which is equal to 350 percent of the poverty line (within the meaning of section 2110(c)(5) of the Social Security Act) for the size of the family involved for such calendar year.

(3)

Rounding

Solely for purposes of paragraph (1), if the eligible taxpayer’s adjusted gross income or the credit cap amount is not a multiple of $10, such amount shall be rounded to the next highest multiple of $10.

(c)

Coordination with energy refund received through State human service agencies

(1)

In general

In any taxable year in which a taxpayer or the taxpayer’s spouse receives an energy refund under section 3 of the America Wins Act, the amount described in subsection (a) shall be reduced by the energy refund amount received in that taxable year.

(2)

Information

The Secretary shall promulgate regulations that instruct States on how to inform adult individuals who receive an energy refund under section 3 of the America Wins Act the refund amount the individuals received and how such information shall be provided to the Internal Revenue Service.

(3)

System to handle inquiries

The Secretary shall establish a telephone and online system that allows an individual to inquire about the refund amount the individual received.

(4)

Adjustment of energy refund amount

In the case of an individual who does not report the refund amount that was provided under section 3 of the America Wins Act or recorded an incorrect number of refund amount, the Secretary shall adjust the energy refund under such section based on the information received from States. Such reduction shall only be made if the Secretary has made a determination that the information meets a sufficient standard for accuracy.

(d)

Working families relief amount

For purposes of this section—

(1)

In general

The working families relief amount with respect to any eligible taxpayer for any taxable year is an amount equal to—

(A)

the relief amount for the calendar year in which such taxable year begins, multiplied by

(B)

the scale factor applicable to the eligible taxpayer’s family size.

(2)

Relief amount

(A)

In general

The relief amount with respect to any calendar year is the amount which will provide that the aggregate credits allowed under this section with respect to all eligible taxpayers for taxable years beginning in such calendar year equal the amount which is provided in section 9512(c)(4) for such calendar year.

(B)

Secretarial determination

The relief amount for each calendar year shall be determined by the Secretary based on the expected revenues from section 9512(c)(4) for each such calendar year.

(C)

Adjustment of relief amounts

If, after the close of any calendar year, the Secretary determines that the amount of the aggregate credits allowed under this section with respect to all eligible taxpayers for taxable years beginning in such calendar year differed significantly from the amount equal to the funding provided by section 9512(c)(4) for such calendar year, the Secretary may adjust the relief amount for the immediately succeeding calendar year either up or down in order to account for such difference.

(3)

Scale factor

The scale factor with respect to any eligible taxpayer for any taxable year shall be determined in accordance with the following table:

If the taxpayer’s family size The scale
for the taxable year is: factor is:
11.00
21.35
31.69
42.04
5 or more2.38.
(e)

Eligible taxpayer

For purposes of this section—

(1)

In general

The term eligible taxpayer means any individual other than—

(A)

any individual with respect to whom a deduction under section 151 is allowable to another taxpayer for a taxable year beginning in the calendar year in which the individual’s taxable year begins,

(B)

any nonresident alien individual, or

(C)

an estate or trust.

(2)

Identification number requirement

Such term shall not include any individual who—

(A)

in the case of a return that is not a joint return, does not include the social security number of the individual, and

(B)

in the case of joint return, does not include the social security number of at least one of the taxpayers on such return.

For purposes of the preceding sentence, the social security number shall not include a TIN issued by the Internal Revenue Service.
(f)

Household income

The term household income means, with respect to any eligible taxpayer, an amount equal to the sum of—

(1)

the adjusted gross income of the taxpayer, plus

(2)

the aggregate adjusted gross incomes of all other individuals who are taken into account in determining the taxpayer’s family size under subsection (g) and who were required to file a return of the tax imposed by section 1 for the taxable year.

(g)

Family size

(1)

In general

The family size with respect to any taxpayer shall be equal to the number of individuals for whom the taxpayer is allowed a deduction under section 151 for the taxable year.

(2)

Identification number requirement

The family size determined under paragraph (1) shall not include any individual (including the taxpayer) whose social security account number is not included on the return of tax for the taxable year.

(h)

Treatment

The value of the credit provided under this section shall not be considered income or resources for any purpose under any Federal, State, or local law (including a law relating to an income tax or public assistance program (including health care, cash aid, child care, nutrition programs, and housing assistance)) and no participating State or political subdivision of a State shall decrease any assistance otherwise provided one or more individuals because of the receipt of a credit under this section.

.

(b)

Conforming amendments

(1)

Section 6211 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by inserting 36C, before 53(e).

(2)

Paragraph (2) of section 1324(b) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by inserting 36C, after 36B,.

(c)

Clerical amendment

The table of sections for subpart C of part IV of subchapter A of chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 36B the following new item:

Sec. 36C. Working families relief.

.

(d)

Effective date

The amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2018.